Marakata, Mārakata: 9 definitions

Introduction

Marakata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Marakata (मरकत, “emerald”) refers to a type of jewel (ratna), into which the universe was transformed by the Buddha’s miraculous power (ṛddhibala) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV).

Note: this pearl is extracted from the beak of the golden-winged Garuḍa bird; it is green in color and it counteracts poisons.

Also, “These jewels (eg, marakata) are of three types, Human jewels (manuṣya-ratna), Divine jewels (divya-ratna) and Bodhisattva jewels (bodhisattva-ratna). These various jewels remove the poverty (dāridrya) and the suffering (duḥkha) of beings”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Marakata (मरकत) refers to “emerald”, and is the name of a type of precious stone (gem or jewel) typically used in ancient India. Both the king (rājan) and the people used to keep previous stones as a part of their wealth and affluence. The king’s mansion was studded with precious stones of various kinds. The rich people possessed them in large quantity and used them in ornaments and for other purposes. The courtesans (gaṇiya) possessed costly jewels and their chambers were adorned with precious jewels. The palanquins of the kings, nobles and rich persons (śreṣṭhins) were inlaid with costly gems.

There were persons expert in the field of gem and jewels (eg., marakata) called maṇikāras (jewellers). There is a reference of maṇikāra-śreṣṭhin in Rājagṛha who had abundant gems and jewels. Various ornaments of pearls and jewels are mentioned in the texts viz. Kaṇagāvali (necklace of gold and gems), rayaṇāvali (necklace of jewels), muttāvali (necklace of pearls), etc. The above description of the various agricultural, agro-based, mining or forestry occupations clearly depicts the high level of perfection achieved in the respective fields.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

marakata (मरकत).—m S An emerald.

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mārakaṭa (मारकट).—a (Qualif. form of mārakā) Rather given to butting or kicking.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

marakata (मरकत).—m An emerald.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Marakata (मरकत).—[marakaṃ taratyanena tṝ-ḍa] An emerald; वापी चास्मिन् मरकतशिलाबद्धसोपानमार्गा (vāpī cāsmin marakataśilābaddhasopānamārgā) Me.78; Śi.4.56; Ṛs.3. 21; (sometimes written marakta.)

Derivable forms: marakatam (मरकतम्).

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Mārakata (मारकत).—a. (- f.) Belonging to an emerald; यत्र विद्रुमसोपाना महामारकता भुवः (yatra vidrumasopānā mahāmārakatā bhuvaḥ) Bhāg.7.4.9; काचः काञ्चनसंसर्गा- द्धत्ते मारकती द्युतिम् (kācaḥ kāñcanasaṃsargā- ddhatte mārakatī dyutim) H. Pr.35.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Marakata (मरकत).—m.

(-taḥ) An emerald. E. maraka epidemic disease, tṝ to cross or escape, aff. ḍa; it is also read marakataka n. (-kaṃ) .

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Mārakata (मारकत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tī-taṃ) Relating to an emerald, of the colour of an emerald, &c. E. marakata, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Marakata (मरकत).—[neuter] emerald.

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Mārakata (मारकत).—[feminine] ī smaragdine.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Marakata (मरकत):—n. an emerald, [Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira; Pañcatantra etc.]

2) cf. [Greek] σμάραγδος; [Latin] smaragdus.

3) Mārakata (मारकत):—mf(ī)n. ([from] marakata) belonging to an emerald, having any of the properties or qualities of an e°, coloured like an e°, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Purāṇa]

4) m. (with dhātu) an emerald, [Mahābhārata]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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