Marakaranda, Mārakaraṇḍa: 2 definitions


Marakaranda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (M) next»] — Marakaranda in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Mārakaraṇda (मारकरण्द) is the name of a village where Buddha Kāśyapa gave a prediction to Uttara, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLII.—Accordingly, “the blessed perfectly and fully enlightened Kāśyapa made the prediction to a young Brāhman named Uttara: ‘Young man, when the life-span of creatures will be one hundred years, you, under the name of Śākyamuni, will be a Tathāgata, saint, fully and completely enlightened’”.

Notes: The village where the Buddha Kāśyapa gave the prediction to Uttara, alias Jyotipāla, was called Veruḍiṅga in Sanskrit, Vebhaḷiṅga in Pāli, but was designated elsewhere as Mārakaraṇda. It was on the site of the presnt Sārnāth near Benares, and in the 7th century, Hiuan-tsang was still able to visit it. He was shown the exact spot on which the prediction had occurred.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Marakaranda in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mārakaraṇḍa (मारकरण्ड).—m., name of a village of the Kosalas: Mahāvastu i.317.5; 319.3 (mss. °kaṇḍa), 8 (mss. corrupt but indicate -karaṇḍa); site of the former Veruḍiṅga, q.v., or Vebhaḍiṅga; n. sg. °ḍo 317.5 and 319.8.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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