Mangitungi, Māṅgītuṅgī, Mangi-tungi: 3 definitions


Mangitungi means something in Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Mangitungi in Jainism glossary
Source: HereNow4U: A Rare Jaina-Image of Balarāma at Mt. Māṅgī-Tuṅgī

Māṅgītuṅgī (माङ्गीतुङ्गी) or Tuṅgīgiri is the name of a mountain corresponding to the Gālanā hills of the Selbaṛī range in northern Mahārāṣṭṛa.—South Asia is dotted with numerous funerary cenotaphs for Jaina mendicants. These memorials are often relic stūpas. [...] Yet funerary shrines have also been erected for the śalākā-puruṣas, the legendary exemplary individuals ('men of mark') of Jaina universal history. [...] One example of such a mock funerary cenotaph is the samādhi-mandira for the legendary Muni Balabhadra (Baladeva), also known as Balarāma or Padma, the elder brother of the Jaina version of Kṛṣṇa (Vāsudeva), which has been created on the top of Mt. Māṅgī-Tuṅgī (older name: Tuṅgīgiri) Gālanā hills of the Selbaṛī range in northern Mahārāṣṭṛa.

This “Divided Mountain Peak”, featuring two  pinnacles connected with a narrow ridge, on which two samādhis were placed, is held sacred by the Digambaras as a siddha-kṣetra, a place where exceptional souls find liberation after physical death through the practice of sallekhanā. Most of the named Jaina monks who are said in Digambara texts such as Nirvāṇa-kāṇḍa, Bhakti-kāṇḍa and Padmapurāṇa to have died and found salvation on this mountain are Jainised gods of Hindu mythology: Rāma, Hanumān, Sugrīva, Gavaya, Gavākṣa, Nīla, Mahānīla, etc.  As indicated by the samādhi, the main character associated with Māṅgī-Tuṅgī is Rāma (Balabhadra, Balarāma, Padma).

Source: Jainworld: Jain History

Māṅgītuṅgī (माङ्गीतुङ्गी) is situated in Mangi-Tungi District. According to the Prakrit Nirvāṇa Kaṇḍa, Rāma, Sugrīva, Hanumāna and several Munis attained Nirvāṇa here. Hence it is called Siddha Kshetra. In the Sanskrit Nirvāṇā Bhakti of Pūjyapada, Balabhadra is known to have obtained Nirvāṇa from Tuṅgagiri. The later writers Udayakīrti, Śrutasāgara, Abhayachandra and others have also mentioned Māngtuṅgī as Siddha Kshetra. The earliest epigraph from this place is dated in V.S. 1443 (1387 A.D.).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Wikipedia: India History

Mangi-Tungi is a prominent twin-pinnacled peak with plateau in between, located near Tahrabad about 125 km from Nashik, Maharashtra, India. Mangi, 4,343 ft (1,324 m) high above sea level, is the western pinnacle and Tungi, 4,366 ft (1,331 m) high, the eastern. [...] There are numerous temples and is considered sacred in Jainism. It enshrines images of Tirthankaras in several postures including Padmasana and kayotsarga. Sometimes, it is described as Siddha Kshetra, meaning a gateway to the state of enlightenment. [...] Besides, there are numerous caves named after great Tirthankaras such as Mahavira, Rishabhanatha, Shantinatha and Parshvanatha. A grand fair is held here annually during Kartik (September–October) where people visit in large numbers to witness festival.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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