Manasikara, aka: Manasikāra; 7 Definition(s)
Manasikara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
N Fact to examine an object by means of the mind, in a penetrative manner. Appropriate consideration (of a situation), enabling the developement of healthy actions (kusalass).Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
One of the Sabbacittasadharana cetasikas. Manasikara is attention. It makes citta and other co arising cetasikas to attend at the object concerned. It acts like a steerer and it directs citta and other cetasikas to the right object. Manasikara always arises with each arising citta.Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama
Manasikara is One of the Seven Universals.Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas
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'attention', 'mental advertence', 'reflection'.
1. As a psychological term, attention belongs to the formation-group (sankhāra-kkhandha; s. Tab. II) and is one of the 7 mental factors (cetasika) that are inseparably associated with all states of consciousness (s. cetanā). In M. 9, it is given as one of the factors representative of mind (nāma) It is the mind's first 'confrontation with an object' and 'binds the associated mental factors to the object.' It is, therefore, the prominent factor in two specific classes of consciousness: i.e. 'advertence (āvajjana, q.v.) at the five sense-doors' (Tab. I, 70) and at the mind-door (Tab. I, 71). These two states of consciousness, breaking through the subconscious life-continuum (bhavanga), form the first stage in the perceptual process (citta-vīthi; s. viññāna-kicca). See Vis.M. XIV, 152.
2. In a more general sense, the term appears frequently in the Suttas as yoniso-manasikāra, 'wise (or reasoned, methodical) attention' or 'wise reflection'. It is said, in M. 2, to counteract the cankers (āsava, q.v.); it is a condition for the arising of right view (s. M. 43), of Stream-entry (s. sotāpattiyanga), and of the factors of enlightenment (s. S. XLVI, 2.49,51). - 'Unwise attention' (ayoniso-manasikāra) leads to the arising of the cankers (s. M. 2) and of the five hindrances (s. S. XLVI, 2.51).Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Buddhism)
Manasikāra (Pāli), derived from manasi (locative of mana thus, loosely, "in mind" or "in thought") and karoti ("to make" or "to bring into") and has been translated as "attention" or "pondering" or "fixed thought".Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism
Languages of India and abroad
manasikāra : (m.) ideation; consideration.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Manasikāra (मनसिकार).—m. (= Pali id.; to prec.; also manasī-, manas-kāra, qq.v.), fixing in mind, mental concentration, (esp. intense) attention, thought, notice; esp. with yoniśaḥ or ayoniśaḥ, qq.v. for examples; nāpi nirgamana-°ram utpādayanti SP 72.15, nor do they put their minds on going out (lit. produce putting of the mind on…); na duḥkha- manasikāra saṃjñām utpādayanti SP 78.5; asmṛtya-°kāra- tāyai LV 34.15, to the keeping in mind of what is not memorable; dharma-°kāreṇa LV 179.8; tathāgatagaurava- manasi° LV 370.1; manasikārāmanasikāratvāt LV 422.13, because it cannot be reflected upon by mental reflection; uddeśa-yoga-°kārān (°kāra-viśeṣān) (ud)gṛhya Divy 18.12, 17; tato 'sya bhagavatā °kāro dattaḥ Av i.284.12, then the Lord gave him (the power of) mental concentration, and similarly 348.1; ii.68.10 (not any ‘task’ as Speyer renders; Feer also wrongly); nānya-°kāraḥ RP 56.17, Bhvr., having no other thought in mind; evaṃrūpaiḥ saṃjñā-°kāraiḥ Dbh 56.27; other, miscellaneous cases, SP 103.11; Mv ii.278.7; Mvy 1926; LV 180.21; Divy 180.21; 236.20; 240.1; 407.3; Suv 7.3; Gv 177.3; 241.24.
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Manasīkāra (मनसीकार).—(to prec.) = manasi°: KP 71.8 (prose), see s.v. yoniśaḥ.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 20 books and stories containing Manasikara or Manasikāra. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Cetasikas (by Nina van Gorkom)
Chapter 7 - Vitality And Attention < [Part I - The Universals]
Chapter 9 - Determination And Energy < [Part II - The Particulars (pakinnaka)]
Chapter 12 - Zeal < [Part II - The Particulars (pakinnaka)]
Abhidhamma in Daily Life (by Ashin Janakabhivamsa) (by Ashin Janakabhivamsa)
Factor 7 - Manasikara (attention) < [Chapter 4 - Cetasikas Associated With Both Good And Bad Cittas (mind)]
The Vipassana Dipani (by Mahathera Ledi Sayadaw)
Abhidhamma in Daily Life (by Nina Van Gorkom)
Buddha Desana (by Sayadaw U Pannadipa)
A Discourse on Paticcasamuppada (by Venerable Mahasi Sayadaw)