Manak, Manāk: 11 definitions


Manak means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Manāk (मनाक्) refers to “slight” (agitation) (of the vital airs), according to the Mokṣopāya (verse 5.54.4-5, 9 and 16).—Accordingly, “When the first part of Om whose [entire] length consists of three and a half parts, was [articulated] as a clear sound by which the body quivered because the vital airs were slightly agitated (manāk-kṣubdha), the process of expelling the vital airs, [which is] called Recaka, made the whole body empty, just as Agastya drank [all] the water [and made] the ocean [empty]...”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Manāk (मनाक्) refers to “slightly” (tiring one in absorption), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Now, a Yogī who has conquered the senses should accomplish mastery of posture. Those whose posture is very steady do not tire, even slightly (manāk), in absorption”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Manāk (मनाक्).—ind.

1) A little, slightly, in a small degree; न मनाक् (na manāk) 'not at all'; न मनागपि राहुरोषशङ्का (na manāgapi rāhuroṣaśaṅkā) Bv.2.1; रे पान्थ विह्वलमना न मनागपि स्याः (re pāntha vihvalamanā na manāgapi syāḥ) 1.37,111.

2) Slowly, tardily.

3) Only, merely.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manāk (मनाक्).—Ind. 1. A little. 2. Tardily, slowly. E. man to know, āk aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manāk (मनाक्).—probably *maka- (for mā + na, ptcple. pf. pass. of mā; cf. and in in [Latin] minu in minuo; [Gothic.] mins, minz, minniza, minnists, which are also derived from ) -añc, adv. A little, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 138.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manāk (मनाक्).—[adverb] a little, slightly, somewhat; only, merely. With na almost, nearly; na manāk (±api) not at all, by no means.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Manāk (मनाक्):—[from man] a ind. ([probably] [from] manā + añc, ‘perceivably’) a little, slightly, in a small degree (dānam manāgapi, a gift however small; kālam manāk, a little time ; na m, not at all; manāg asmi na pātitaḥ, I was all but thrown down), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] shortly, immediately, at once, [Prasannarāghava]

3) [v.s. ...] only, merely, [Ratnāvalī]

4) b See p. 784, col. 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Manāk (मनाक्):—adv. A little; tardily.

[Sanskrit to German]

Manak in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Manak in Hindi refers in English to:—(a and nm) standard, norm; ~[kikarana] standardization; ~[kikrita] standardized; —[ka bhasha] standard language; ~[ka samaya] standard time..—manak (मानक) is alternatively transliterated as Mānaka.

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