Manahparyayajnana, Manaḥparyāyajñāna, Manaḥparyayajñāna, Manahparyaya-jnana: 2 definitions


Manahparyayajnana means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Manahparyayajnana in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Manaḥparyayajñāna (मनःपर्ययज्ञान) or simply Manaḥparaya refers to the “power to read other persons’ thoughts” (i.e., a type of knowledge enabling one to know the mental processes of others) and represents one of the five types of “right-knowledge” (samyagjñāna), as mentioned in chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as mentioned in Ṛṣabha’s sermon:

“[...] mokṣa is attained by those who practice unceasingly the brilliant triad of knowledge, faith, and conduct. Among these, exact knowledge which comes from a summary or detailed study of the principles, jīva, etc., is called ‘right-knowledge’ (samyagjñāna). [...] Manaḥparyayajñāna is twofold: Ṛju and Vipula. The distinction between them may be understood to lie in purity and not being lost”.

Source: JAINpedia: Jainism

Manaḥparyāyajñāna (मनःपर्यायज्ञान) in Sanskrit (Maṇapajjavanāṇa in Prakrit) is another name for Manaḥparyāya, which refers to “telepathy” and represents one of the five types of knowledge, as explained in the Nandīsūtra.—The heart of the Nandī-sūtra deals with the concept of cognition or knowledge in its various divisions and subdivisions. This is also an appropriate topic for a text that transcends all categories in the Śvetāmbara canon, for it can be regarded as a prerequisite to the scriptures. First comes the list of the five types of knowledge [viz., manaḥparyāyajñāna, “telepathy”], known from other sources as well, such as the Tattvārtha-sūtra I. 9-33

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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