Mahapurushalakshana, Mahapurusha-lakshana, Mahāpuruṣalakṣaṇa: 3 definitions
Mahapurushalakshana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Mahāpuruṣalakṣaṇa can be transliterated into English as Mahapurusalaksana or Mahapurushalakshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahāpuruṣalakṣaṇa (महापुरुषलक्षण) refers to the “marks of a great man” according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VII).—“The experts said: “The crown prince (kumāra) really does have the thirty-two marks of a great man; if he stays at home, he will be a cakravartin king; if he leaves home, he will be a Buddha’. The experts in marks added: “In earth and heaven, the youg prince (kumāra) possesses the thirty-two marks of the great man (mahāpuruṣa-lakṣaṇa) which all Bodhisattvas possess””.
The marks of the Bodhisattva prevail over those of the cakravartin king in seven ways: they are i) very pure, ii) very distinct, iii) ineffaceable, iv) perfect, v) deeply marked, vi) conforming with the practice of wisdom and not conforming to the world; vii) lasting. The marks of a cakravartin king do not have these qualities.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Mahāpuruṣalakṣaṇa (महापुरुषलक्षण) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—from the Bhāgavatapurāṇa. Fl. 430.
—by Śaṅkarācārya. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 66.
Mahāpuruṣalakṣaṇa (महापुरुषलक्षण):—[=mahā-puruṣa-lakṣaṇa] [from mahā-puruṣa > mahā > mah] n. Name of [work]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 5 books and stories containing Mahapurushalakshana, Mahapurusha-lakshana, Mahāpuruṣalakṣaṇa, Mahapurusalaksana, Mahapurusa-laksana, Mahāpuruṣa-lakṣaṇa; (plurals include: Mahapurushalakshanas, lakshanas, Mahāpuruṣalakṣaṇas, Mahapurusalaksanas, laksanas, lakṣaṇas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
Settlement in Early Historic Ganga Plain (by Chirantani Das)
Part 7 - The Buddha’s life and legend represented in Sārnāth art < [Chapter VII - Sārnāth: The Satellite Religious Centre]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
6. Birth and the thirty-two marks (lakṣaṇa) < [Part 4 - The Bodhisattva in the Abhidharma system]
Appendix 10 - The vows and actions of bhikṣu Nanda in previous lives < [Chapter VIII - The Bodhisattvas]
Natyashastra (English) (by Bharata-muni)
The gods of northern Buddhism (by Alice Getty)