Mahapurushalakshana, Mahapurusha-lakshana, Mahāpuruṣalakṣaṇa: 3 definitions



Mahapurushalakshana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mahāpuruṣalakṣaṇa can be transliterated into English as Mahapurusalaksana or Mahapurushalakshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Mahapurushalakshana in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Mahāpuruṣalakṣaṇa (महापुरुषलक्षण) refers to the “marks of a great man” according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VII).—“The experts said: “The crown prince (kumāra) really does have the thirty-two marks of a great man; if he stays at home, he will be a cakravartin king; if he leaves home, he will be a Buddha’. The experts in marks added: “In earth and heaven, the youg prince (kumāra) possesses the thirty-two marks of the great man (mahāpuruṣa-lakṣaṇa) which all Bodhisattvas possess””.

The marks of the Bodhisattva prevail over those of the cakravartin king in seven ways: they are i) very pure, ii) very distinct, iii) ineffaceable, iv) perfect, v) deeply marked, vi) conforming with the practice of wisdom and not conforming to the world; vii) lasting. The marks of a cakravartin king do not have these qualities.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahapurushalakshana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Mahāpuruṣalakṣaṇa (महापुरुषलक्षण) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—from the Bhāgavatapurāṇa. Fl. 430.
—by Śaṅkarācārya. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 66.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahāpuruṣalakṣaṇa (महापुरुषलक्षण):—[=mahā-puruṣa-lakṣaṇa] [from mahā-puruṣa > mahā > mah] n. Name of [work]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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