Mahapanthaka, aka: Mahāpanthaka; 3 Definition(s)


Mahapanthaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Mahapanthaka in Theravada glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

The elder brother of Culapanthaka (q.v.) and grandson of Dhanasetthi of Rajagaha. He went with his grandfather to hear the Buddha preach, won faith, and entered the Order. He became skilled in the Doctrine, and, in due course, received higher ordination and became an arahant, with special proficiency in the four arupajhanas. Later, he was declared pre eminent among those skilled in the evolution of consciousness (sannavivattakusalanam) (A.i.24).

His resolve to win such eminence was made in the time of Padumuttara Buddha when he heard a monk similarly honoured by the Buddha. ThagA.i.490f.; AA.i.118f; details about Mahapanthaka are given see Culapanthaka. They are to be found in J.i.114ff.; DhA.i.241ff.

A set of verses uttered by him in the joy of attainment is included in the Theragatha. Thag.vss.510 17.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Mahapanthaka in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mahāpanthaka (महापन्थक) is the name of a Buddhist mentioned in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 39. Mahāpanthaka and Cūḍapanthaka were born from the union of a wealthy young girl in Rājagṛha and a slave. They were born at the side of a great highway which is why they were named Great Path and Lesser Path respectively. Raised by their grandparents, they embraced the Buddhist faith. Mahāpanthaka was the first to become a monastic and, shortly thereafter, welcomed his brother into the Order. Entrusted with his religious instruction, he gave him a very simple stanza to learn by heart: “pāpaṃ na kuryān manasā na vācā, etc.”, but Cūḍapanthaka was so dim-witted (duṣprajñā) that at the end of three months, he had not yet succeeded in memorizing it.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahapanthaka in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mahāpanthaka (महापन्थक).—(= Pali id.), n. of one of Buddha's disciples: Mvy 1055; story of him and his brother Pan- thaka or Cūḍa-p° told at length in Divy 485.3 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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