Mahakaleshvara, Mahākāleśvara, Mahakala-ishvara: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Mahakaleshvara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mahākāleśvara can be transliterated into English as Mahakalesvara or Mahakaleshvara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Mahakaleshvara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mahākāleśvara (महाकालेश्वर) or Mahākāla refers to one of twelve Jyotirliṅgas, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.22 while explaining the importance of the partaking of the Naivedya of Śiva. Mahākāleśvara is located at Ujjain.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Mahākāleśvara (महाकालेश्वर) is the name of a Tīrtha (holy places), according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—The city of Ujjayinī in Madhya-Pradesh is famous for the shrine of Mahākāla, one of the twelve jyotirliṅgas and is situated on the bank of the river Siprā. Kālidasā has immortalised this city in his Meghadūta and Raghuvaṃśa (6.32-35). By the touch of this liṅga, a person goes to Śiva with his body knowing this Brahmā threw a stone having the form of a cock (kukkuṭā-kṛti), it became Kukkuṭeśvara.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[«previous next»] — Mahakaleshvara in Rasashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Mahākāleśvara (महाकालेश्वर) or Mahākāleśvararasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 3, Kāsaroga: cough-related-diseases). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., mahākāleśvara-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahakaleshvara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahākāleśvara (महाकालेश्वर):—[=mahā-kāleśvara] [from mahā-kāla > mahā > mah] n. Name of a Liṅga at Ujjayinī, [Catalogue(s)]

[Sanskrit to German]

Mahakaleshvara in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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