Mahajanapada, Mahājanapadā, Mahājanapada, Maha-janapada: 2 definitions
Mahajanapada means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
The books frequently mention* the sixteen Mahajanapadas or countries, which existed in the time of the Buddha. They are Kasi, Kosala, Anga, Magadha, Vajji, Malla, Cetiya, Vamsa, Kuru, Pancala, Maccha, Surasena, Assaka, Avanti, Gandhara and Kamboja.
The first fourteen are included in the Majjhimadesa, the two last being in Uttarapatha.
* E.g., A.i.213; iv. 252, 256, 260; a list of twelve is found at D.ii.200, in which the last four are omitted. The Niddesa adds the Kalingas to the sixteen and substitutes Yona for the Gandhara (CNid., p.37).
The Jaina Bhagavati sutta gives a slightly different list: Anga, Banga, Magadha, Malaya, Malava, Accha, Vaccha, Kocchaka, Padha, Ladha, Bajji, Moli, Kasi, Kosala, Avaha and Sambhuttara (PHAI. p.60).
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
India history and geogprahySource: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
Mahājanapada is the general name for a district of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Of the sixteen Mahājanapadas that existed in India during the days of the Buddha, as many as fourteen may be said to have been included in the Majjhimadesa.
- Cetiya (Cedī),
- Vaṃsa (Vatsa),
- Maccha (Matsya),
Gandhāra and Kamboj, the two remaining countries, may be said to have been located in Uttarāpatha or the Northern division.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+104): Vajji, Kalinga, Shurasena, Gandhara, Vamsha, Ashmaka, Avanti, Janapada, Kuru, Molini, Pancala, Baranasi, Brahmavaddhana, Surundhana, Ramma, Sudassana, Mallarattha, Maddarattha, Vanga, Mallarashtra.
Search found 6 books and stories containing Mahajanapada, Mahājanapadā, Mahājanapada, Maha-janapada, Mahā-janapada, Mahā-janapadā; (plurals include: Mahajanapadas, Mahājanapadās, Mahājanapadas, janapadas, janapadās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Settlement in Early Historic Ganga Plain (by Chirantani Das)
Part 1 - Cultural profile of Vārāṇasī-Sārnāth < [Chapter VIII - Vārāṇasī–Sārnāth: Inter-Settlement Relations]
Part 16 - Vārāṇasī from proto historic to historic context < [Chapter VI - Vārāṇasī: Emergence of the Urban Centre and Seat of Administration]
Part 3 - Status as the capital of the Kāśī mahājanapada < [Chapter VIII - Vārāṇasī–Sārnāth: Inter-Settlement Relations]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
4. Sojourn in the Tuṣita heaven. < [Part 4 - The Bodhisattva in the Abhidharma system]
Appendix 2 - A Buddhist view on the land of India < [Chapter XL - The Four Fearlessnesses and the Four Unobstructed Knowledges]
Part 4 - The buddha’s frequent sojourns in Rājagṛha and Śrāvastī < [Chapter V - Rājagṛha]
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Chapter XXVIII-b - The Jātaka of the Bull < [Volume I]
Chapter VII - The ten Bhūmis < [Volume I]
Chapter XVIII - Jātaka of Campaka (the Nāga king) < [Volume II]
Vinaya Pitaka (3): Khandhaka (by I. B. Horner)
List of Mahabharata tribes (by Laxman Burdak)
Vinaya Pitaka (1): Bhikkhu-vibhanga (the analysis of Monks’ rules) (by I. B. Horner)