Lumbini, Lumbinī: 8 definitions


Lumbini means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A park situated between Kapilavatthu and Devadaha. It was there that the Buddha was born. (J.i.52, 54; Kvu.97, 559; AA.i.10; MA.ii.924; BuA.227;, etc.). A pillar now marks the spot of Asokas visit to Lumbini. According to an inscription on the pillar, it was placed there by the people then in charge of the park to commemorate Asokas visit and gifts (See Mukerji: Asoka, p.27; see p.201f for details). The park is now known as Rummindei, inside the Nepal frontier and two miles north of Bhagavanpura.

In the Sutta Nipata (vs. 683) it is stated that the Buddha was born in a village of the Sakyans, in the Lumbineyya Janapada. The Buddha stayed in Lumbinivana during his visit to Devadaha and there preached the Devadaha Sutta. MA.ii.810.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Lumbinī (लुम्बिनी) or Lumbinīvana is the name of an ancient forest, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[The eighteen āveṇika-dharmas (‘special attributes’)]— [...] (6). The Buddha has no unconsidered equanimity.—He has no unconsidered equanimity.—[...] [Question].—What are the reasons why he leaves them knowingly? [Answer].—In the middle of the great assemblies, the Buddha is tired and that is why he wants to rest for a while. Furthermore, from lifetime to lifetime, the Buddha has always liked solitude (naiṣkramya). When, as a Bodhisattva, he was in his mother’s womb (mātṛkukṣi), his mother loved solitude as well, and it was at forty li from the capital, in the forest of Lumbinīvana she gave birth to him. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Lumbini is Buddhas Birthplace.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lumbinī (लुम्बिनी).—Name of a grove and the birthplace of Gautama Buddha; सान्तःपुरना देवी कदाचिदथ लुम्बिनीं (sāntaḥpuranā devī kadācidatha lumbinīṃ) (jagāma) Bu. Ch.1.23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Lumbinī (लुम्बिनी).—(1) (= Pali id.) name of the grove where Śākyamuni was born: Lalitavistara 78.19; 79.11, 16; 81.8 (°nīye, loc. sg., attributed to a non-existent adj. lumbinīya in [Boehtlingk and Roth]); 91.16; all these verses, also, with °ni m.c., 234.19; 252.19; 411.21; °nī Mahāvastu iii.112.9; Mahāvyutpatti 4123; Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 82.1; often °nī-vana, Mahāvastu i.149.3; ii.18.10 ff.; 145.6; Divyāvadāna 389.16; Gaṇḍavyūha 365.5, etc.; (2) seemingly, name of a tree, = plakṣa: dadarśa 'tha lumbinīṃ Mahāvastu i.99.8 (verse), followed by tasyāḥ śākhāṃ…(the subject is Māyā, in the Lumbinī grove); see also lumba; (3) name of a class of deities: Mahāsamājasūtra, Waldschmidt, Kl. Sanskrit Texte 4, 191.1 lumbinī lumbinī- śreṣṭhā(ḥ); confirmed Tibetan

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lumbini (लुम्बिनि):—f. (mc.) or f(ī). Name of a princess and a grove named after her, [Buddhist literature] (cf. [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 389]).

[Sanskrit to German]

Lumbini in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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