Lokopakara, Lokopa-kara, Lokopakāra: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Lokopakara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Lokopkar.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Lokopakara in Ayurveda glossary

Agriculture (Krishi) and Vrikshayurveda (study of Plant life)

Source: Asian Agri-History: Drumavichitrikaranam—The Ancient Approach to Plant Mutagenesis

Lokopakāra (लोकोपकार) by Cāvuṇḍarāya (1025 CE) is the name of an encyclopedic work also dealing with ancient Indian agriculture and shows that the concept of Plant Mutagenesis (druma-vichitrikaranam) was fully understood even in ancient India. Here druma means a tree and vicitrīkaraṇa means “to make (it) appear extraordinary”. Hence the term means “to make a tree appear extraordinary”. In other words, the term implies that there would be an alteration in the natural trait of the tree. Certain treatises contain a separate chapter on Plant Mutagenesis (druma-vicitrīkaraṇa), such as Cāvuṇḍarāya’s Lokopakāra (1025 CE).

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Agriculture: A Survey

Lokopakāra is the name of a Kannada text dealing with agriculture (kṛṣi).—The Kannada text Lokopakāra (1025 CE) indicates treatments for livestock diseases such as those affecting the horns, teeth and buccal cavity, and human diseases / disorders such as sore throat, carditis, lumbago, rheumatism, atrophy of muscles and acute dysentery. Plasters were used to treat broken bones.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Lokopakara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Lokopakāra (लोकोपकार) refers to “helping the world”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.21 (“Nārada instructs Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā said to Nārada: “[...] O sage, on hearing that, you told the lord of the mountains—“Worship Śiva.” You stood up, remembered Śiva mentally and took leave of him. O sage, leaving him you hastened to meet Pārvatī secretly, you a favourite of Śiva, perfectly wise and engaged in helping the world [i.e., lokopakāra]. Approaching Pārvatī and addressing her, you spoke to her respectfully. You are foremost among the wise and you were interested in her welfare. Your words were true:—[...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Lokopakara in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Lokopakāra (लोकोपकार) refers to the “benefit of the world” (of living souls), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “I think, that doctrine, whose progress is unimpeded, has arisen for the benefit of the world of living souls (jīva-lokopakāra-artha) in the guise of world-protectors. If, because of the power of the doctrine, it is not received by those whose minds are boundless, then there is not a cause for enjoyment and liberation in the three worlds”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Lokopakāra (लोकोपकार) is the name of a commentary on his own Madhvamatasarvasva ascribed to Kṛṣṇāvadhūta (1835-1909 C.E.) who was well-versed in advaita, dvaita and viśiṣṭādvaita philosophies. Kṛṣṇāvadhūta was born at Nārāyaṇadevarakare village in Hospet Taluk, Bellary district, Karnataka and is known to have written around 30 works. Also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” V. pp. 20-21.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Lokopakara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lōkōpakāra (लोकोपकार).—m (S) A public charity; a benefit or good conferred upon the community.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Lokopakara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lokopakāra (लोकोपकार):—[from loka > lok] m. a public advantage, [Pañcadaṇḍacchattra-prabandha]

[Sanskrit to German]

Lokopakara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Lokopakara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Lokopakāra (लोकोपकार) [Also spelled lokopkar]:—(nm) philanthropy; ~[raka] a philanthropist/philanthrope; ~[] philanthropic.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Lokopakara in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Lōkōpakāra (ಲೋಕೋಪಕಾರ):—[noun] work done for the benefit or welfare of general public of a nation.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Lokopakara in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Lokopakāra (लोकोपकार):—n. public welfare;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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