Lingin, Liṅgin: 7 definitions

Introduction

Lingin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Liṅgin (लिङ्गिन्).—Ineligible for śrāddha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 16. 17.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Liṅgin (लिङ्गिन्) refers to “religious mendicants”, and their beard (śmaśru) should be represented as white (śveta), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing the beard is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Liṅgin (लिङ्गिन्).—a. [liṅgamastyasya ini]

1) Having a mark or sign.

2) Characterized by.

3) Wearing the maks or badges of, having the appearance of, disguised as, hypocritical, wearing false badges (at the end of comp.); स वर्णिलिङ्गी विदितः समाययौ युधिष्ठिरं द्वैतवने वनेचरः (sa varṇiliṅgī viditaḥ samāyayau yudhiṣṭhiraṃ dvaitavane vanecaraḥ) Ki.1.1; so आर्यलिङ्गिन् (āryaliṅgin).

4) Furnished with a liṅga.

5) Having a right to wear signs or badges.

6) One whose outward form corresponds with his inward character.

7) Having a subtle body. -m.

1) A religious student, Brāhmaṇa ascetic; अलिङ्गी लिङ्गिवेषेण यो वृत्तिमुपजीवति । स लिङ्गिनां हरत्येनस्तिर्यग्यौनौ च जायते (aliṅgī liṅgiveṣeṇa yo vṛttimupajīvati | sa liṅgināṃ haratyenastiryagyaunau ca jāyate) || Ms.4.2; स्त्रीलिङ्गिविप्रबालानां प्रहर्तव्यं न कर्हिचित् (strīliṅgiviprabālānāṃ prahartavyaṃ na karhicit) Pt.4.39.

2) A worshipper of Śiva's liṅga.

3) A hypocrite, pretending devotee, pseudoascetic.

4) An elephant.

5) (In logic) That which possesses the liṅga or middle term; i. e. वह्नि (vahni) is the लिङ्गिन् (liṅgin) in the familiar instance पर्वतो बह्निमान् धूमात् (parvato bahnimān dhūmāt).

6) (Hence) The subject of a proposition.

7) The Supreme Being (as the sustainer of liṅga.)

8) The cause or source.

9) Name of a Śaiva sect.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Liṅgin (लिङ्गिन्).—mfn. (-ṅgī-ṅginī-ṅgi) 1. Having marks, &c. 2. Indicated, characterized. m. (-ṅgī) 1. An elephant. 2. A hypocrite, a pretended devotee. 3. An ascetic. 4. A religious student. 5. A worshipper of Siva in the phallic type. 6. The subject of a preposition, (in logic.) E. liṅga a mark, and ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Liṅgin (लिङ्गिन्).—i. e. liṅga + in, I. adj., f. , 1. Having marks, characterised. 2. One who is entitled to wear religious marks, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 200. Ii. m. 1. An ascetic, [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 41. 2. A religious student. 3. A worshipper of Śiva. 4. A hypocrite. 5. An elephant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Liṅgin (लिङ्गिन्).—[adjective] = liṅgadhara; [masculine] a religious student or ascetic (who has a right to wear signs or badges).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Liṅgin (लिङ्गिन्):—[from liṅg] mfn. having a mark or sign, wearing a distinguishing mark

2) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) having the marks or appearance of, characterized by, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] bearing false marks or signs, a hypocrite, (ifc.) only having the appearance or acting the part of [ib.] (cf. dvija-l)

4) [v.s. ...] having a right to wear signs or badges, one whose external appearance corresponds, with his inner character, [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] having a subtle body, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] m. a Brāhman of a [particular] order, religious student, ascetic, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] ‘possessing or furnished with a Liṅga’, Name of a Śaiva sect (See liṅga-vat), [Colebrooke]

8) [v.s. ...] m. ‘sustaining the Liṅga or Pradhāna’, Name of Parameśvara, [Liṅga-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] (in logic) = -vyāpaka, that which possesses an invariable characteristic mark (as in the proposition ‘there is fire because there is smoke’, fire is the liṅgin; cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 62])

10) [v.s. ...] original source or germ, [Kapila [Scholiast or Commentator]]

11) [v.s. ...] an elephant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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