Lepa: 14 definitions

Introduction

Lepa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Architexturez South Asia: Indian Architectural Terms

Lepa (लेप): medium, glue, should be distinguished from sudhā, plaster. Vajralepa, “adamantine medium,” actually glue, see recipe in the śilparatna, Ch. 64

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science, 31(4), 1996: Mūṣāvijñāna

Lepa (लेप) refers to “lining” in the process of Mūṣālepa (lining the crucible).—For example, a lepa made using chalk, salt, powdered grains of plant Māṣā (Phaseolus mungo), molasses, Bdellium ,plant Atasī (Linum usitatissimum, Linn.), powdered on a grinding stone, is highly respected. Also see the Rasakāmadhenu and Rasopaniṣad 16.208.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Snake bite treatment in Prayoga samuccayam

Lepa (लेप) refers to “external ointment/liniment”, and is used in the treatment of poison (viṣa), according to the 20th century Prayogasamuccaya (one of the most popular and widely practised book in toxicology in Malayalam).—The author has given a detailed description of types of [snake-] bite mark and the corresponding causes and prognosis. [...] Fume therapy using certain drugs can help regain consciousness. The first dung of a calf is ground in the urine of a goat and a suppository is made which is used for dhūmapāna (fume inhalation). This chapter also includes many nasya (nasal administration), añjana (collyrium), lepa (external ointment/liniment), pāna (drink) with simple drugs mentioned.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Lepa (लेप, “ointment”) refers to a type of medicinal preparation, as defined in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva..—Lipta, lepana and ālepa are other names of Lepa (ointment). Drugs are pasted and then ghee, oil, honey etc are added to it if necessary. This pate form of drugs is applied thickly on the affected part. It is of three kinds, viz. doṣaghna (destroyer of ailments), viṣahara (anti-poison) and varṇya (complexion promoting). They should be applied with the thickness of four, three and half finger respectively.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

lepa : (m.) coating; plastering a plaster.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Lepa, (fr. lip, see limpati; cp. Classic Sk. lepa stain, dirt) 1. smearing, plastering, coating over Vin. IV, 303 (bāhira°); J. II, 25 (mattikā°).—2. (fig.) plaster, i.e. that which sticks, affection, attachment, etc., in taṇhā° the stain of craving, & diṭṭhi° of speculation Nd1 55; Nd2 271III, — Note. lasagata at A. II, 165 read with v. l. as lepa-gata, i.e. sticky.—Cp. ā°, pa° (Page 586)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lēpa (लेप).—m (S) Plastering, smearing, daubing. 2 An application or a coating (of paint, mud, cowdung-wash &c.) 3 Materials to be smeared over. 4 Boiled rice, bread, or other thing considered as kharakaṭēṃ.

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lēpa (लेप).—m The name of a fish of a black back and white belly, found in creeks and inlets. It is a species of sole.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

lēpa (लेप).—m Plastering. Materials to be smear- ed over.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lepa (लेप).—[lip-ghañ]

1) Smearing, plastering, anointing; भूशुद्धिर्मार्जनात् (bhūśuddhirmārjanāt) ......... सेकादुल्लेखनाल्लेपात् (sekādullekhanāllepāt) Y.1.188.

2) An unguent, ointment, salve.

3) A plaster in general (such as whitewash, mortar &c.).

4) The wipings of the hand (or the remnants of the food sticking to the hand), after offering funeral oblations to the first three ancestors (pitṛ, pitāmaha and prapitāmaha), (these wipings being offered to the three ancestors after the great-grand-father; i. e. to paternal ancestors in the 4th, 5th and 6th degrees); लेपभाजश्चतुर्थाद्याः पित्राद्याः पिण्डभागिनः (lepabhājaścaturthādyāḥ pitrādyāḥ piṇḍabhāginaḥ).

5) A spot, stain, defilement, pollution.

6) Moral impurity, sin.

7) Food.

8) Smearing with clay; L. D. B.

Derivable forms: lepaḥ (लेपः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Lepa (लेप).—m. (Sanskrit and Pali id.), lime, sticky matter, as a snare to catch monkeys: markaṭānāṃ bandhanāya leyaḥ Śikṣ 77.4, text, read certainly lepaḥ, compare Transl. 82 note 2; Tibetan rñoṅ, snare, trap; Chin. said to render dung.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lepa (लेप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. Plastering, smearing. 2. Food. 3. Mortar, plaster, Chunam. 4. Stain, spot, smearing. 5. The wipings of the hand which has offered funeral oblations to three ancestors, and which are considered as an oblation to ancestors in the 4th, 5th, and 6th degrees. 6. Polution, impurity. 7. Sin. E. lip or lep to smear, &c., aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lepa (लेप):—[from lip] a m. the act of smearing, daubing, anointing, plastering, [Yājñavalkya; Kāvya literature; Purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] anything smeared on, ointment, unguent, plaster, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Suśruta] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a coating of paint etc.

4) [v.s. ...] spot, stain, impurity ([literally] and [figuratively]), any grease or dirt sticking to vessels, ([especially]) particles or remnants wiped from the hand after offering oblations to three ancestors (these remnants being considered as an oblation to paternal ancestors in the 4th, 5th and 6th degrees), [???; Gautama-dharma-śāstra] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] food, victuals, [Bhadrabāhu-caritra]

6) [v.s. ...] a kind of disease, [Caraka]

7) b lepana, lepin etc. See p. 902, col. 3.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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