Lekhaka: 21 definitions


Lekhaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Lekhak.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Lekhaka (लेखक).—A scribe who is an expert in all languages and who is versed in all Śāstras; characteristics of writing; a scribe must be able to reproduce in a few sentences much that is spoken.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 215. 26-8.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: archive.org: Studies in Kautilya Vocabulary

Lekhaka (लेखक) refers to a type of profession mentioned in the Śukranītisāra 2.128-188.—The Śukranītisāra is a Sanskrit work on ethics by Śukrācārya comprised of four chapters. The second chapter (uvarājādikṛtya, “the duties of the royal princes and the like”) describes a large number of varied topics, eg., it contains observations on the ministers, priests, sacive, treasury, a large number of officers and employees (such as a Lekhaka).

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)

Lekhaka (लेखक, “writer”) is an official title designating one of the seventy-two officers (niyoga) of the Bāhattaraniyogādhipati circle, according to the Inscriptional glossary of Andhra Pradesh (Śāsana-śabdakośāmu). The bāhattaraniyoga-adhipati is the highest executive officer of this circle (including a Lekhaka). For example: During the reign of Gaṇapatideva, the area extending between Pānagal to Mārjavāḍi was entrusted to Gaṇḍapeṇḍāru Gangayasāhiṇi as Bāhattaraniyogādhipati. Later on, this office was entrusted to Kāyastha Jannigadeva.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Lekhaka in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Lekhaka (लेखक) refers to an “artist”.—Cf. Hastalekha, which refers to “sketching practice before producing an object of art”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 7.72; 21.69.—Cāṇḍūpaṇḍita gives hastolaka as an equivalent. In 21.69 the word lekhaka used in connection with hastalekha means “an artist”.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Lekhaka (लेखक) [=Lekha] refers to “writers”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If the sun and moon should be eclipsed when in the sign of Leo (Siṃha) hill men, prince like people possessed of a single military force, princes and forest men will suffer miseries. If they should be eclipsed when in the sign of Virgo (Kanyā), crops, poets, writers [i.e., lekhaka] and singers will suffer and the rice fields of Aśmaka and Tripura will be destroyed”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Lekhaka refers to “writers” (some of whom were in the service of kings and Mahābhojas) and represents one of the various classes of workers mentioned in the inscriptions of Andhra country. Such inscriptions reflect the industrial and commercial advances of the early history of Andhra. Most of the crafts and industries having such artisans (e.g., the Lekhakas) were organized into guilds, with each guild having their alderman (seṭhin or śreṣṭhin) and offices in town halls (nigama-sabhā). Such guilds were sometimes granted permanent endowments (akhayanivi) as a form of investment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Lekhaka.—(CII 3, etc.), a writer; a technical term for one who wrote a record [on copper plates, stone slabs, etc., in order to facilitate its correct engraving by an artisan], as opposed to the composer of the document (see also likhita). (IE 8-3; EI 28, 30; LL; HD), a writer, scribe or clerk (see Bomb. Gaz., Vol. XVI, pp. 582 and 605; Viṣṇudharmottara, II. 24. 26-28; Śukranītisāra, II. 120). (LP), a record or document; mistake for lekhana. Note: lekhaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Lekhaka in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

lekhaka : (m.) a scribe; clerk; writer.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Lekhaka, (fr. lekha) one who knows the art of writing, a scribe, secretary Vin. IV, 8 (as a profession); IV, 10 (=muddikā & gaṇakā, pl.); Miln. 42. (Page 585)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lēkhaka (लेखक).—m (S) A writer, scribe, copyist, amanuensis. 2 That writes, draws, delineates, traces, sketches.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

lēkhaka (लेखक).—m A writer, scribe; that writes.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lekhaka (लेखक).—[likh-ṇvul]

1) A writer, scribe, copyist.

2) A painter.

-kam Writing down, transcribing.

Derivable forms: lekhakaḥ (लेखकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lekhaka (लेखक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A writer, a scribe, a clerk, a copyist, &c. 2. A painter. E. likha to write, aff. ṇvul .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lekhaka (लेखक).—i. e. likh + aka, m. A writer, [Pañcatantra] 237, 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lekhaka (लेखक).—[masculine] writer, scribe; writing down, scripture, reckoning, calculation; [feminine] lekhikā a small stripe.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lekhaka (लेखक):—[from likh] m. a writer, scribe, clerk, secretary, [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] one who delineates or paints, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) [from likh] n. a writing, written message, [Subhāṣitāvali]

4) [v.s. ...] a calculation (kaṃkṛ, to make a calculation, reckon), [Mṛcchakaṭikā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lekhaka (लेखक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A writer; a clerk.

[Sanskrit to German]

Lekhaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Lekhaka in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Lekhaka (लेखक) [Also spelled lekhak]:—(nm) a writer, an author; ~[] the job or work of or as a writer; ~[kīya] of or pertaining to an author.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Lēkhaka (ಲೇಖಕ):—

1) [noun] a man whose work or occupation is writing; a writer.

2) [noun] (masc.) an author, journalist or the like.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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