Lavanga, Lavaṃga, Lavamga, Lavaṅga: 28 definitions


Lavanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Lavanga in Kavya glossary
Source: The ocean of story. vol. 8

Lavaṅga is the cravo of Garcia da Orta—i.e. cloves: Caryophyllus aromaticus, Linn. See Watt, op. cit., vol. ii, p. 205, who says “... they are also chewed in pān.”

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Lavaṅga (लवङ्ग) refers to one of the fruits used in the treatment of aggravated phlegm, according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Procedure to alleviate kapha (phlegm) after meals: The excess phlegm in the human body can lead to the weakening of digestive fire. Sleeping immediately after the meal will result in the aggravation of phlegm. The excess phlegm must be alleviated by employing fumes of the fragrant substances or consuming fruits [like lavaṅga, ...]. After a meal, one must walk a few steps. Practising this lightens the food mass and imparts comfort in the neck, knees and loins. [...]

Lavaṅga (clove) is mentioned in a list of remedies for indigestion.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., phenī]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., lavaṅga (clove)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Evaluation of Cyavanaprāśa on Health and Immunity related Parameters in Healthy Children

Lavaṅga (लवङ्ग) refers to the medicinal plant known as Syzygium aromaticum, Fl.Bd., and is used in the Ayurvedic formulation known as Cyavanaprāśa: an Ayurvedic health product that helps in boosting immunity.—Cyavanaprāśa has been found to be effective as an immunity booster, vitalizer and a preventer of day to day infections and allergies such as common cold and cough etc. It is a classical Ayurvedic formulation comprising ingredients such as Lavaṅga. [...] Cyavanaprāśa can be consumed in all seasons as it contains weather friendly ingredients which nullify unpleasant effects due to extreme environmental and climatic conditions.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Lavaṅga (लवङ्ग) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Syzygium aromaticum (Linn.) Merill & Perry” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning lavaṅga] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Lavaṅga (लवङ्ग) or Lavaṭha refers to the medicinal plant Syzygium aromaticum L. Syn. Eugenia aromaticum Merril & Perry. Syn. Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Lavaṅga] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Lavaṅga (लवङ्ग).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug.—The flower-buds are used. It is fragrant, bitter, pungent, cold, pacifies pitta and kapha and restores vāyu to its normal course.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Lavaṅga (लवङ्ग) or Lavaṅgavallī refers to the “clove creeper”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.21. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] When Kāma (God of Love) reached the vicinity of Śiva, Spring spread all his splendour in accord with the inclination of the lord. [...] Rendering the breeze fragrant with its smell the clove creeper (lavaṅga-vallī) fascinated the minds of passionate people with its sweetness”.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Lavaṅga (लवङ्ग) represents the food taken in the month Jyeṣṭha for the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-Vrata, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Anaṅgatrayodaśī-vrata is observed in honour of Śiva for acquiring virtue, great fortune, wealth and for destruction of sins [...] This vrata is to be performed for a year from Mārgaśīra.—In Jyeṣṭha, the tooth-brush is that of aśvattha-wood. The food taken is lavaṅga. The deity to be worshipped is Pradyumna. The flowers used in worship are mallikā. The naivedya offerings is sohalikā. The result  accrued equals vajapeya.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Lavanga in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Lavaṅga (लवङ्ग) refers to “cloves” (suitable for the diet of Hawks), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the treatment of hawks]: “[...] Care should be taken that they are not annoyed. Judicious care is always productive of the desired effect. If they become thin, they should be given meat mixed with either goat’s milk or cow-butter; or to sharpen appetite the meat may be mixed either with cloves (lavaṅga) or with human urine. In this way their appetite should be increased, and they should be kept in health by gradually increasing the quantity of their food, and by cooling processes. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara

Lavanga is the name of a tree mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D).—Lavanga refers to the “clove-tree” and is always mentioned with the Ela-bakula trees.

Somadeva mentions many rich forests, gardens, various trees (e.g., Lavanga), creepers medicinal and flowering plants and fruit-bearing trees in the Kathasaritsagara. Travel through the thick, high, impregnable and extensive Vindhya forest is a typical feature of many travel-stories. Somadeva’s writing more or less reflects the life of the people of Northern India during the 11th century. His Kathasaritsagara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Lavanga, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravahanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyadharas (celestial beings).

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)

Lavaṃga (लवंग) refers to one of the various shops or “market places” (Sanskrit: Haṭṭa, Prakrit: Cauhaṭṭa) for a medieval town in ancient India, which were vividly depicted in Kathās (narrative poems), for example, by Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā.—The Kuvalayamala (779 A.D.) is full of cultural material which gains in value because of the firm date of its composition. [...] In the Kuvalayamālā, some names of shops according to articles displayed in them is given, [i.e., lavaṃga] [...] Thus Uddyotana has in his view a complete form of a medieval market place with the number of lines full of different commodities.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Lavanga in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Syzygium caryophyllatum from the Myrtaceae (Bottlebrush) family having the following synonyms: Myrtus caryophyllata, Syzygium caryophyllaeum, Eugenia corymbosa. For the possible medicinal usage of lavanga, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Lavanga in India is the name of a plant defined with Cinnamomum macrocarpum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices.

2) Lavanga is also identified with Cinnamomum malabathrum It has the synonym Cinnamomum malabathrum Miq. (etc.).

3) Lavanga is also identified with Cinnamomum verum It has the synonym Camphora mauritiana Lukman. (etc.).

4) Lavanga is also identified with Syzygium aromaticum It has the synonym Eugenia caryophyllus (Spreng.) Bullock & S.G. Harrison (etc.).

5) Lavanga is also identified with Syzygium caryophyllatum It has the synonym Jambosa caryophyllata (L.) Bedevian (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Kew Bulletin (1958)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1864)
· Flora Cochinchinensis (1790)
· Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club (1892)
· A Hand-book to the Flora of Ceylon (1931)
· Flora Indica (1824)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Lavanga, for example side effects, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, diet and recipes, health benefits, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Lavanga in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

lavaṅga : (nt.) the cloves.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lavaṅga (लवंग).—f (S) The clove tree, Myristica or Eugenia Caryophyllata. 2 A clove. 3 An ear-ornament of gold &c., in shape resembling a clove. 4 Wild Clove-tree, Eugenia acris.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

lavaṅga (लवंग).—f A clove; the clove-tree.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lavaṅga (लवङ्ग).—[lū-aṅgac Uṇādi-sūtra 1.112] The clove plant; द्वीपान्तरानीतलवङ्गपुष्पैः (dvīpāntarānītalavaṅgapuṣpaiḥ) R.6.57; ललितलवङ्गलतापरिशीलनकोमलमलयसमीरे (lalitalavaṅgalatāpariśīlanakomalamalayasamīre) Gītagovinda 1.

-gam Cloves.

Derivable forms: lavaṅgaḥ (लवङ्गः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lavaṅga (लवङ्ग).—m.

(-ṅgaḥ) The clove tree, (Myristica caryophyllata.) n.

(-ṅgaṃ) Cloves. E. to cut, Unadi aff. aṅgac; also with kan added, lavaṅgaka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lavaṃga (लवंग).—i. e. lava + m-ga, I. m. The clove tree, Myristica caryophyllata, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 6, 57. Ii. n. Cloves.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lavaṅga (लवङ्ग).—[masculine] the clove tree; [neuter] cloves.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lavaṃga (लवंग):—[from lava] m. ([Uṇādi-sūtra i, 119]) the clove tree

2) [v.s. ...] n. cloves, [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira; Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lavaṅga (लवङ्ग):—(ṅgaḥ) 1. m. n. Clove tree; its fruit.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Lavaṅga (लवङ्ग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Lavaṃga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Lavanga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Lavanga in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Lavaṃga (लवंग) [Also spelled lavang]:—(nm) a clove;-[puṣpa] clove flower; ~[latā] clove-creeper; a kind of sweetment.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Lavaṃga (लवंग) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Lavaṅga.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Lavaṃga (ಲವಂಗ):—

1) [noun] the medium sized, evergreen tree Cinnamomum zeylanicum of Lauraceae family; cinnamon tree.

2) [noun] the yellowish-brown spice made from the dried inner bark of this; cinnamon.

3) [noun] the medium sized tree Syzigium caryophyllaeum ( = S. aromaticum, = Eugenia corymbosa, = Myrtus caryophyllatus) of Myrtaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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