Lankapura, Laṅkāpura, Lanka-pura: 1 definition



Lankapura means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Lankapura. See Lankanagara.

2. Lankapura Dandanatha. A general of Parakkamabahu I. He was probably (Cv.lxx.218; Cv.Trs.305, n.5) the son of the Lankadhinatha Kitti. We first hear of him as having parried the attack of Gajabahus forces, at the pass of Khandigama. He was later sent in command of the expedition against Kulasekhara, to help the Pandu king, Parakkama of Madhura. He landed at the Pandu port of Taladilla and occupied Ramissara. From there he advanced to Kundukala. The prisoners whom he sent to Ceylon were used to help in the restoration of the Ratanavaluka cetiya. At Kundukala, Lankapura built the fortress of Parakkamapura. He defeated Kulasekhara and his numerous allies in several battles, and won over some of his allies, such as Ilankiyarayara, Malavarayara and Colagangara, by gifts and honours, and captured, among other places, the fortress of Semponmari. He was assisted by Lankapura Deva and Lankagiri Sora, the general Gokanna, the Kesadhatus Loka and Kitti, and an officer named Jagadvijaya. He then captured Mundikkara and several other fortresses and occupied Rajina. He subdued the Cola and Pandu countries, and is said to have issued coins bearing the name of Parakkamabahu I., while he restored the Pandu kingdom to Virapandu. The village of Pandu vijaya was founded by the king to, commemorate the victory of Lankapura. The account of Lankapuras exploits is found in Cv.lxxvi.76ff.; lxxvii.1ff.

It is curious that no mention is made in the Ceylon Chronicles of Lankapuras return to Ceylon, nor of any honours bestowed on him by the king. South Indian inscriptions relate that Lankapura was defeated, and that his head, with those of his officers, was nailed to the gates of Madhura. Codrington, op. cit., 62, 74; also Smith, Early History of India, p.340.

3. Lankapura. The name seems to have been used also as a title and was conferred on Kadakkuda (Cv.lxxii.39), Rakkha (Cv.lxxv.70), and Deva (Cv.lxxv.130).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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