Langhana, Laṅghana, Laṃghana, Lamghana: 22 definitions


Langhana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Laṅghana (लङ्घन, “lightening”).—One of the six Upakramas, or ‘therapeutic measures’.—It is a Sanskrit technical term used through Ayurvedic (Indian medicine) literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā. The six Upakramas represent basic Ayurvedic therapies. The Laṅghana treatment refers to a “deprevation therapy” and aims to ‘lighten’ the human body and tissue through methods such as certain medicated enemas or intense physical exercise.

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Laṅghana (लङ्घन) refers to “fasting”, mentioned in verse 4.27 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] the humours are sometimes irritated after having been subdued by fasting and cooking [viz., laṅghana-pācana]; with those, however, which (have been) purged by purgatives, no (such) reappearance (takes place)”.

Note: laṅghana-pācana (“fasting and cooking”) has been reproduced by smyuṅ daṅ bźu byas, which is best turned “having made a fast and aided digestion”, both smyuṅ and bźu being elliptical terminatives dependent upon byas (lit. “having made [oneself] to fast and [the humours] to be digested”). For bźu, the future of źu-ba, CD read gźu, which seems to be an alternative spelling, though it is not otherwise attested as such.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Laṅghana (लङ्घन) refers to “fasting therapy”, and is dealt with in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha (chapter 1) written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha (mentioning laṅghana) has been designed based on the need of the period of the author, availability of drugs during that time, disease manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Laṃghana (लंघन):—Therapy which produces lightness of the body is called laṃghana. Reduction therapy consists of two parts Pallative and Purification. laṃghana consist of 10 methods. The first 4 are types of purification process excluding blood letting. Remaining six are palliative therapy viz exposure to wind, exposure to sun, fasting, taking medicine / herbs to increase digestive function etc. This therapy is indicated in preventive and treating Kaphaja and Medo roga.

Source: National Mission for Manuscripts: Traditional Medicine System in India

Laṅghana (लङ्घन) refers to “reducing” and is the action (karma) associated with Laghu (“light”): one of the twenty Śārīraguṇa (or Gurvādiguṇa), which refers to the “twenty qualities of the body”—where guṇa (property) represents one of the six divisions of dravya (drugs).—Śārīraka-guṇas are twenty in number. There are ten guṇas with their opposite guṇas. [...] Guru (“heavy”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of earth, water and the associated actions of “building/bṛṃhaṇa”; while Laghu (“light”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of fire, air, ether, space and is associated with the action “reducing/laṅghana”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Laṅghana (लङ्घन) refers to “stepping over” (a cord) (by a creature), according to the Devyāmata (in the section śalyoddhāra-paṭala or “excavation of extraneous substances”).—Accordingly, “[...] [The officiant] should carefully prognosticate the extraneous thing [underground] by observing [a creature] step over a cord (laṅghanasūtrasya laṅghanād vāpi), seeing [an auspicious or inauspicious thing], announcing a [creature’s] name, or hearing [an auspicious or inauspicious sound]. If [a creature] steps over [a cord] or is seen, or if one [hears] a cry of [a creature] or announce a [creature’s] name, then [the officiant] should prognosticate the extraneous thing [related to] that creature according to the stepping over (laṅghana) and other [omens]. [...]”.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: Anekanta Jaya Pataka of Haribhadra Suri

Laṅghana (लङ्घन) refers to “abstaining from taking food” (this helps in averting a disease), as mentioned in the Anekāntajayapatākā-prakaraṇa, a Śvetāmbara Jain philosophical work written by Haribhadra Sūri.—[Cf. Vol. II, P. 220, l. 7]

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Langhana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

laṅghana : (nt.) jumping; hopping.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Laṅghana, (nt.) (fr. laṅgh) jumping, hopping J. I, 430 (°naṭaka a tumbler, jumper, acrobat, cp. Fick, Soc. Gliederung 188, 190, 192); II, 363, 431. Cp. ullaṅghanā, olaṅghanā. (Page 579)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

laṅghana (लंघन).—n (S) Fasting, esp. dietetically. v kara, dhara, paḍa. See upōṣaṇa & upāsa. 2 Crossing, traversing, passing over.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

laṅghana (लंघन).—n Fasting, esp. dietetically. Crossing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Laṅghana (लङ्घन).—[laṅgh-lyuṭ]

1) Leaping, jumping.

2) Going by leaps, traversing, passing over, going, motion in general; यूयमेव पथि शीघ्रलङ्घनाः (yūyameva pathi śīghralaṅghanāḥ) Ghaṭ.8.

3) Mounting, ascending, rising up to (fig. also); नभोलङ्घना (nabholaṅghanā) R.16.33; जनोऽयमुच्चैःपदलङ्घनोत्सुकः (jano'yamuccaiḥpadalaṅghanotsukaḥ) Kumārasambhava 5.64 'wishing to attain or aspire to a high position'.

4) Assulting, storming, capturing; as in दुर्गलङ्घनम् (durgalaṅghanam).

5) Exceeding, going beyond, overstepping, violating, transgression; आज्ञा- लङ्घनम्, नियमलङ्घनम् (ājñā- laṅghanam, niyamalaṅghanam) &c.

6) Disregarding, despising, treating with contempt, slighting; प्रणिपातलङ्घनं प्रमार्ष्टुकामा (praṇipātalaṅghanaṃ pramārṣṭukāmā) V.3; M.3.22.

7) An offence, affront, insult.

8) A harm, an injury; as in आतपलङ्घनम् (ātapalaṅghanam) q. v.

9) Fasting, abstinence; प्रचक्रमे लङ्घनपूर्वकं क्रमः (pracakrame laṅghanapūrvakaṃ kramaḥ) Śiśupālavadha 12.25 (where it menans 'leaping' also).

1) One of the paces of a horse.

11) Sexual union, impregnating.

Derivable forms: laṅghanam (लङ्घनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laṅghana (लङ्घन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Fasting, abstinence. 2. Going, proceeding. 3. Leaping, springing, going by leaps or jumps. 4. Jumping over or beyond. 5. Exceeding, transgressing, disregarding propriety, going beyond proper bounds. 6. Storming a fort, entering by escalade, &c. 7. Capturing a fort in any way. 8. One of a horse’s paces, curvetting, bounding. 9. Injury. E. laghi to go, to fast, &c. aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laṅghana (लङ्घन).—[laṅgh + ana], n. 1. Jumping over. 2. Passing over, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 183, 1. 3. Coition, 182, 11. 4. Exceeding, transgressing, [Hitopadeśa] 87, 1, M.M. (pati-, Injuring one’s husband); disregarding, [Brāhmaṇavilāpa] 2, 34 (of a former husband by marrying another); disdain, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 34, 4. 5. Storming, capturing a fort, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 136. 6. Going. 7. One of a horse’s paces, curvetting. 8. Fasting, abstinence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laṅghana (लङ्घन).—[neuter] leaping, springing over ([genetive] or —°), mounting, rising to (—°), assault, capture, conquest; transgression, offence, repudiation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Laṅghana (लङ्घन):—[from laṅgh] n. the act of leaping or jumping, leaping over, stepping across, crossing, traversing ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] one of a horse’s paces, curvetting, bounding, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) rising to or towards, ascending, mounting, attaining, [Kālidāsa]

4) [v.s. ...] sexual union, impregnating, [Daśakumāra-carita]

5) [v.s. ...] attack, conquest, capture, [Kāvya literature; Purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] transgression, violation, disdain, neglect, [Rāmāyaṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

7) [v.s. ...] (also f(ā). ) insult, offence, injury, wrong, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] fasting, hunger, starving system, [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laṅghana (लङ्घन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Leaping over; bounding, transgressing; fasting; capturing; a horse’s pace.

[Sanskrit to German]

Langhana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Langhana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Laṃghana (लंघन) [Also spelled lanhgan]:—(nm) going without meals, forcible or imposed fast/fasting; transgressing, crossing.

2) Lāṃghanā (लांघना):—(v) to cross, to jump over; to transgress.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Laṃghana (ಲಂಘನ):—

1) [noun] the act of jumping, leaping.

2) [noun] a movement of a horse in which it rears, then leaps forward, raising the hind legs just before the forelegs come down; curvet.

3) [noun] the act or an instance of transgressing; breach of a law, duty, etc.; transgression.

4) [noun] the act of ascending, mounting.

5) [noun] the act or an instance of abstaining from food for a considerable period; fast.

6) [noun] ಲಂಘನಂ ಪರಮೌಷಧಂ [lamghanam paramaushadham] langhanam paramauṣadham (prov.) abstinence is the best medicine; ಲಂಘನ ಮಾಡು [lamghana madu] langhana maḍu to abstain from taking food for a considerable period; ಲಂಘನ ಹಾಕು [lamghana haku] langhana hāku = ಲಂಘನ ಮಾಡು [lamghana madu].

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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