Lamp: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Lamp means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Lamps are associated with Tripatāka-hasta: one of the twenty-two Single-hand Gestures (in Indian Dramas) (known as asaṃyuktahastas), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—According to the Abhinayadarpaṇa, the tripatāka hand is used to denote some objects like crown, arrows, tree, the ketakī flower, lamp etc. This hand posture shows the action of writing letters. Indra along with his weapon i.e., vajra, is also shown with this hand posture in Dance.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Lamps are denoted by the Sanskrit term Dīpa, according to the Yogatārāvalī: a short Yoga text of twenty-nine verses presenting Haṭhayoga as the means to Rājayoga (i.e., Samādhi).—Accordingly, while describing the no-mind state: “When the movement of the breath is quashed through the prolonged restraint of the mind and senses, the bodies of the best Yogins become still like a lamp (dīpa) in a windless place and their minds are immersed in the no-mind [state]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Lamps symbolically refers to knowledge, as discussed in Bhūdhardās’s composition dealing with the twelve reflections (bhāvanā or anuprekṣā), also found in the Tattvārtha-sūtra.—Accordingly, “[...] [the influx of karma]—Residents of the world wander forever in the sway of a delusional dream. On all sides the thieves of karma loot everyone but we pay no attention. (7) [blocking the influx of karma]—The true guru wakes us up when we are under the influence of the delusional dream. We can take his aid and stop the karma thieves. (8) The lamp of knowledge is full of the oil of asceticism. Study your home and put aside wandering. Thieves have already broken in, you can’t expel them without the rituals. (9) [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Singhi Jain Series: Ratnaprabha-suri’s Kuvalayamala-katha (history)

Lamps were lit, as part of the tasks performed to beautify the Sleeping chamber (of young ladies) in Ancient India, as depicted in the Kathās (narrative poems) such as Uddyotanasūri in his 8th-century Kuvalayamālā (a Prakrit Campū, similar to Kāvya poetry).—The Kuvalayamala (779 A.D.) is full of cultural material which gains in value because of the firm date of its composition. [...] Page 83.3-9: Here is the description of the house or the sleeping chambers of young ladies which were beautified for the reception of their husbands. The select items in this list are as follows: [e.g., lighting of lamps;] [...]

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Lamp in India is the name of a plant defined with Aristida depressa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices.

2) Lamp is also identified with Heteropogon contortus It has the synonym Sorghum contortum (L.) Kuntze (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Acta Botanica Indica (1990)
· Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy. Part B, Biological Sciences (1985)
· Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. (1968)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1985)
· Obs. Bot. (1786)
· Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon (1931)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Lamp, for example chemical composition, health benefits, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, diet and recipes, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Lamp in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) lamp..—lamp (लैंप) is alternatively transliterated as Laiṃpa.

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