Lamba, Lambā, Laṃba, Laṃbā: 17 definitions

Introduction

Lamba means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

1) Lambā (पद्मी, “flabby”):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Mudreśa (emanation of Ananta, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.

2) Lambā (लम्बा):—One of the sixteen yoginīs representing the sixteen petals of the Dūtīcakra. The sixteen petals comprise the outer furnishment, whereupon the abode of the Dūtīs is situated. The Dūtīs refer to the eighty-one “female messengers/deties” of the Dūtīcakra.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Lambā (लम्बा) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Lambā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Lambā (लम्बा).—A daughter of Dakṣaprajāpati. Asiknī wife of Dakṣaprajāpati got a hundred daughters and ten of them were married to Dharmadeva. Lambā was one of them. (Chapter 15, Aṃsa 1, Viṣṇu Purāṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Lamba (लम्ब).—A Dānava in the army ranks of Tāraka.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 173. 22; 177. 7.

1b) A son of Ugra, the avatār of the Lord.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 153.

2a) Lambā (लम्बा).—A daughter of Dakṣa and one of the 10 wives of Dharma. Mother of Vidyota and Ghoṣa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 4. 5; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 2 and 32; Matsya-purāṇa 5. 15, 18; 203. 8; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 2, 33.

2b) A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 23.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Lambā (लम्बा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.17). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Lambā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Laṃbā (लंबा) refers to one of the ten of Dakṣa’s sixty daughters given to Dharma in marriage, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Dakṣa gets married to Asikni, the daughter of Prajāpati Viraṇa and begot sixty daughters. [He gave ten daughters to Dharma in marriage] [...] The ten wives of Dharma are Sādhyā, Viśvā, Saṃkalpā, Muhūrtā, Arundhatī, Marutvatī, Vasu, Bhūnu, Lambā and Jāmī. Ghoṣa was born from Laṃbā.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Lamba (लम्ब).—(or lambaka) 1. The R cosine of the colatitude 2. perpendicular/altitude/vertical of a figure. Note: Lamba is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

lamba : (adj.) hanging from; pendulous.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Lamba, (adj.) (-°) (fr. lamb) hanging down, drooping, pendulous S. IV, 341, 342 (°cūḷakā bhaṭa hirelings with large or drooping top-knots); J. II, 185 (°tthana with hanging breasts); III, 265 (°cūla-vihaṅgama); Dāvs II. 61.—alamba not drooping, thick, short J. V, 302; VI, 3 (°tthaniyo).—Cp. ā°, vi° & ālambana. (Page 581)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lamba (लंब) [or लंबक, lambaka].—m (S) A plummet. 2 In geometry. A perpendicular. 3 The complement of the latitude of.

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lamba (लंब).—a S Long.

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lambā (लंबा).—a & ad decl (lamba S through H Long.) Laid at full length; stretched out on the ground; lying along; floored (as in death or swoon, as from a blow &c.) Ex. akasmāt jēvhāṃ paṭakī ālī tēvhāṃ ēkā divasānta hajāra māṇūsa lambē jhālē. 2 fig. Expended or consumed--cash, a store: also fallen and lying prostrate--a house, wall, tree.

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lāmba (लांब).—a (lamba S) Long. 2 Distant or remote. In space or in time.

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lāmba (लांब).—ad At or to a distance; afar off. 2 Sometimes used for lambā. lāmbacalāmba or lāmbacēlāmba Very long; or very distant. 2 At a great distance.

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lāmbā (लांबा).—m C Rice springing up from seed accidentally dropped.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

lambā (लंबा) [-bēṃ, -बें].—ad Laid at full length. Fig. Consumed.

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lāmba (लांब).—a Long. Distant. ad At a distance. lāmbacēlāmba Very long; lengthy.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lamba (लम्ब).—a. [lamb-ac]

1) Hanging down, hanging from, pendent, dangling; पाण्ड्योऽयमंसार्पितलम्बहारः (pāṇḍyo'yamaṃsārpitalambahāraḥ) R.6.6,84; शतबुद्धिः कृतोन्नामः सलम्बश्च सहस्रधीः (śatabuddhiḥ kṛtonnāmaḥ salambaśca sahasradhīḥ) Pt.5.45; Me.86.

2) Hanging upon, attached to.

3) Great, large.

4) Spacious.

5) Long, tall.

-mbaḥ 1 A perpendicular.

2) Colatitude, the arc between the pole of any place and the zenith, complement of latitude.

3) A bribe.

4) Name of a particular throw or move (at a kind of chess).

-mbī 1 A kind of food prepared from grain.

2) A flowering branch.

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Lambā (लम्बा).—

1) An epithet of Durgā.

2) Of Laksmī.

3) A present; bribe.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Lamba (लम्ब).—mss. reading for lumba, q.v.

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Lambā (लम्बा).—(1) name of an ogress: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 400.4; (2) name of a piśācī: Mahā-Māyūrī 238.19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lamba (लम्ब).—mfn.

(-mbaḥ-mbā-mbaṃ) 1. Spacious, capacious. 2. Great, large, broad, long, expanded either in breadth or length, or both. 3. Pendulous, depending. m.

(-mbaḥ) 1. A bribe, a present. 2. Moving a man at a sort of backgammon or draughts. 3. A perpendicular, (in geometry.) 4. (In astronomy,) The arc between the pole and zenith of any place. f.

(-mbā) 1. A name of Lakshmi. 2. A name of Gauri or Durga. 3. A bitter gourd. E. labi to fall, to sound, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lamba (लम्ब).—[adjective] hanging down ([intransitive]), hanging on or down to (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lamba (लम्ब):—[from lamb] mf(ā)n. hanging down, pendent, dangling, hanging by or down to ([compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] long, large, spacious (See [compound])

3) [v.s. ...] m. (in [geometry]) a perpendicular, [Colebrooke]

4) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) complement of latitude, co-latitude, the arc between the pole of any place and the zenith, [Sūryasiddhānta]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a [particular] throw or move (at a kind of chess or backgammon or draughts), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a present, bribe, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([probably] [wrong reading] for lañcā)

7) [v.s. ...] = nartaka, aṅga, or kānta, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a Muni, [Catalogue(s)]

9) [v.s. ...] of a Daitya, [Harivaṃśa]

10) Lambā (लम्बा):—[from lamba > lamb] a f. See sub voce

11) [from lamb] b f. of lamba q.v.

12) [v.s. ...] a kind of bitter gourd or cucumber, [Suśruta]

13) [v.s. ...] a present, bribe, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (perhaps [wrong reading] for lañcā)

14) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā and Gaurī, [Harivaṃśa]

15) [v.s. ...] of Lakṣmī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] of one of the Mātṛs attending upon Skanda, [Mahābhārata]

17) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Dakṣa and wife of Dharma (or Manu), [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

18) [v.s. ...] of a Rākṣasī, [Buddhist literature]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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