Lalana, Lalanā, Lāḷana, Lālanā: 25 definitions

Introduction:

Lalana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Lāḷana can be transliterated into English as Lalana or Laliana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Lalna.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Lalanā (ललना) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Lalanā) in 20 verses.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Lalanā (ललना) refers to the “tongue”, according to the according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, as the God says to the Goddess: “[...] Once my incarnation has burnt up Manmatha (the god of love), he will abandon her and go forth. Then, overcome with passion and troubled by that separation, she (will) reside within the Triple Peaked mountain (immersed) in the aesthetic experience of the bliss of passion. O great goddess, she will connect (her) tongue (lalanā) [lalanāṃ yojayiṣyati] to the Place of Power. O fair lady, (that) venerable lady, born from my limbs, even though a virgin, will bear in her womb the one who will cause the lineage of the Śrīkula to prosper. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Lālana (लालन) refers to “fondling” (one’s Hawk), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the yellow-eyed division of hawks]: “Hawks, like good ministers of state, can bring about desired effects, if they are kept contented by proper treatment (lālana), and are given good nourishment [pakṣasatkārasaṃpuṣṭā lālanaiścānurañjitāḥ]. As an expert in the art of government, and nobody else, knows the uncommon intelligence of the king, so does a bird understand the intelligence and expertness of its tamer”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: 84000: Sampuṭodbhava Tantra (Emergence from Sampuṭa)

Lalanā (ललना) refers to one of the primary thirty-two energy-channels in the body, according to the Sampuṭodbhavatantra chapter 1.—Accordingly, “[Vajragarbha asked, ‘What subtle energy channels are in the body?’]—The Blessed One said, ‘There are one hundred and twenty of them, corresponding to the divisions within the four cakras. The chief ones, those with bodhicitta as their innate nature, are thirty-two in number. They are: [i.e., Lalanā] [...]’.”.

Source: De Gruyter: Himalayan Anthropology: The Indo-Tibetan Interface

Lalanā (ललना) refers to one of the three nerves of the Vajra Deha (“Vajra Body”), according to William Stablein’s A Descriptive Analysis of the Content of Nepalese Buddhist Pujas as a Medical-Cultural System (with References to Tibetan Parallels).—The tshog shin (sacred tree) is also mentally visualized.—[...] The education and training of the hierophant (vajrācārya) may be significant for the existence and maintenance of his vajradeha [Vajra body] which is the main dynamo of the system. The Vajra body is the model system of three nerves: lalanā, rasanā, and avadhūtī, which are located in the left, right, and middle parts of the body respectively. With these nerves there are five cakra [circular arrangements within the head, throat, heart, stomach, and genitals]. The main function of this unit is the sacred procreation, i.e., the creation of the bodhicitta [sacred semen].

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Lalanā (ललना) refers to a “woman” (in the form of liberation), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The doctrine is able to produce the happiness which is the best part of the city of the chief of the snakes. The doctrine is the great joy conveyed to the world of mortals for those possessing a desire for that. The doctrine is the place of the arising of the taste for the constant happiness in the city of heaven. Does not the doctrine make a man fit for pleasure with a woman [in the form] of liberation (mukti-lalanā-saṃbhogayogya)?”,

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Lalana in India is the name of a plant defined with Buchanania lanzan in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Buchanania latifolia Roxb..

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Taxon (1979)
· Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (1978)
· Flora Indica (1832)
· Hortus Bengalensis, or ‘a Catalogue of the Plants Growing in the Hounourable East India Company's Botanical Garden at Calcutta’ (1814)
· Journal of Tree Sciences (1984)
· Journal of Environmental Biology (2001)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Lalana, for example side effects, diet and recipes, health benefits, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

lalanā : (f.) a woman. || lālana (nt.), dalliance; lulling.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Lāḷana, (nt.) (fr. lal) swaying, dalliance, sport DA. I, 197; Sdhp. 387; as lāḷanā at ThA. 243. (Page 583)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lalanā (ललना).—f S A wanton woman: also a woman in general.

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lālana (लालन).—n (S) Fondling, caressing, dandling and kissing, petting and tiddling, indulging and cockering.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

lalanā (ललना).—f A wanton woman; a woman.

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lālana (लालन).—n Fondling, caressing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lalana (ललन).—[lal-lyuṭ]

1) Sport, play, pleasure, dalliance.

2) Lolling the tongue.

-naḥ 1 A child.

2) The Sāla and Piyāla trees.

Derivable forms: lalanam (ललनम्).

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Lalanā (ललना).—

1) A woman (in general); शठ नाकलोकललनाभिरविरतरतं रिरंससे (śaṭha nākalokalalanābhiraviratarataṃ riraṃsase) Śiśupālavadha 15.88.

2) A wanton woman.

3) The tongue.

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Lālana (लालन).—a. (- f.) Fondling, coaxing, caressing.

-naḥ A sort of poisonous mouse.

-nam [lal-lyuṭ]

1) Caressing, fondling, coaxing; सुतलालनम् (sutalālanam) &c.

2) Indulging, over-indulgence, fondling too much; लालने बहवो दोषा- स्ताडने बहवो गुणाः (lālane bahavo doṣā- stāḍane bahavo guṇāḥ); Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.169; Bhartṛhari 2.42.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Lalanā (ललना).—name of an artery, vein, or passage-way (nāḍī) in the body: Sādhanamālā 448.11 ff.; nāḍyo lalanā-rasanāvadhū- tayaḥ 11; lalanā prajñāsvabhāvena 13; akṣobhyāvahā lalanā 15; compare rasanā and avadhūtī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lalana (ललन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Pleasure, sport, pastime. 2. Lolling the tongue. m.

(-naḥ) The Sal tree. f.

(-nā) 1. A woman in general. 2. A wanton woman. 3. The tongue. E. laḍ to frolic, &c., aff. lyuṭ, ḍa changed to la .

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Lālana (लालन).—n.

(-naṃ) Wheedling, coaxing. E. lal to sport, causal v., lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lalana (ललन).—i. e. laḍ, and lal + ana, I. m. 1. A tree, Shorea robusta. 2. A boy. Ii. f. . 1. A wanton woman, [Indralokāgamana] 5, 6. 2. A woman in general, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 25, 27. Iii. n. 1. Sport, pleasure. 2. Lolling the tongue.

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Lālana (लालन).—also lāḍana, Caṇ. 84 in Berl. Monatsb. 1864, 412, i. e. lal, [Causal.], † ana, n. 1. Coaxing, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 290. 2. Spoiling, over-indulging, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 185.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Lalana (ललन).—[adjective] sporting, coruscating (light); [feminine] ā a (wanton) woman, mistress, wife.

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Lālana (लालन).—[neuter] [abstract] to [preceding]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lalana (ललन):—[from lal] mfn. sporting, playing, coruscating (as light or colour), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Vatica Robusta, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Buchanania Latifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Lalanā (ललना):—[from lalana > lal] a f. See below

5) Lalana (ललन):—[from lal] n. play, sport, dalliance, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] the lolling or moving the tongue to and fro, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

7) Lalanā (ललना):—[from lal] b f. a wanton woman, any woman, wife, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] the tongue, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of various metres, [Colebrooke]

10) [v.s. ...] of a mythical being, [Rāmāyaṇa] ([varia lectio] analā).

11) Lālana (लालन):—[from lal] mfn. caressing, fondling, coaxing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] m. a [particular] venomous animal resembling a mouse, [Suśruta]

13) [v.s. ...] resin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] n. the act of caressing, fondling, coaxing, indulging, [Kāvya literature; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Lalana (ललन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Pleasure, play, pastime; lolling the tongue. f. () A woman; a wanton one; the tongue. m. The Sāl tree.

2) Lālana (लालन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Coaxing.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Lalanā (ललना) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Lalaṇā, Lālaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Lalana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Lalanā (ललना) [Also spelled lalna]:—(nf) a woman; ~[priya] a women’s man; one who loves women.

2) Lālana (लालन):—(nm) caressing, fondling; -[pālana] rearing; nurturing; •[karanā] to rear; to nurture, to nourish.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Lalaṇā (ललणा) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Lalanā.

2) Lālaṇa (लालण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Lālana.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Lalana (ಲಲನ):—

1) [noun] the act of playing (a game).

2) [noun] a stretching out of one’s tongue.

3) [noun] a man as related to his wife; a husband.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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