Lajja, aka: Lajjā; 12 Definition(s)


Lajja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Lajjā (लज्जा, “modesty”):—One of the names attributed to Devī, as chanted by the Vedas in their hymns, who were at the time incarnated in their personified forms. See the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa chapter 5.51-68, called “the narrative of Hayagrīva”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Lajjā (लज्जा, “modesty”):—One of the twenty-four emanations of Lakṣmī accompanying Nārāyaṇa. This particular manifestation couples with his counterpart form called Dāmodara and together they form the twelfth celestial couple. Lakṣmī represents a form of the Goddess (Devī) as the wife of Viṣṇu, while Nārāyaṇa represents the personification of his creative energy, according to the Pāñcarātra literature.

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Lajja (लज्ज).—One of the thirteen daughters of Dakṣaprajāpati. The other daughters were, Śraddhā, Lakṣmī, etc. (Chapter 7, Aṃśa 1, Viṣṇu Purāṇa).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Lajjā (लज्जा, “bashfulness”) is one of the twenty-four daughters of Dakṣa by Prasūti: one of the three daughters of Svāyambhuvamanu and Śatarūpā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“Dakṣa begot twenty-four daughters. Thirteen daughters Śraddhā etc. were given to Dharma in marriage by Dakṣa. O lordly sage, listen to the names of Dharma’s wives. Their names are [... Lajjā (bashfulness),...]. Thereupon the entire universe consisting of three worlds, mobile and immobile was filled (with progeny). Thus according to their own actions and at the bidding of Śiva innumerable famous Brahmins were born out of the various living beings”.

Source: Siva Purana - English Translation

1a) Lajjā (लज्जा).—A Śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 74.

1b) R. from Ṛṣyavān.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 26.

1c) A daughter of Dakṣa;1 married Dharma;2 mother of Vinaya.3

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 25; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 23.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 50, 61.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 36; 55. 43; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 30.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Lajjā (लज्जा) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.14) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Lajjā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Lajja in Pali glossary... « previous · [L] · next »

lajjā : (f.) shame; bashfulness.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Lajjā, (f.) (fr. lajj) shame, bashfulness, modesty M. I, 414; DA. I, 70; DhA. II, 90; Instr. lajjāya out of shame PvA. 47, 112, 283. Cp. nillajja. (Page 580)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

lajjā (लज्जा).—f (S) Shame, modesty, sense of decency or decorum: also shamefacedness or bashfulness. Ex. ēkalajjāṃ parityajya sarvatra vijayī bhavēt Cast away but Shame, then overcome or accomplish anything. lajjākajjā or lajjēkajjēnēṃ By the force or at the impulse of shame.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lajjā (लज्जा).—f Shame, modesty; bashfulness lajjēkajjēnēṃ At the impulse of shame.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lajjā (लज्जा).—[lajj bhāve a]

1) Shame; कामातुराणां न भयं न लज्जा (kāmāturāṇāṃ na bhayaṃ na lajjā) Subhāṣ.; विहाय लज्जाम् (vihāya lajjām) R.2.4; Ku.1.48.

2) Bashfulness, modesty; शृङ्गारलज्जां निरूपयति (śṛṅgāralajjāṃ nirūpayati) Ś.1; Ku.3.7; R.7.35. लज्जे त्वं मज्ज सिन्धौ (lajje tvaṃ majja sindhau) Subhāṣ.

3) Name of the sensitive plant.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lajjā (लज्जा).—f.

(-jjā) Shame, modesty, bashfulness. E. lasj to be modest, affs. aṅ and ṭāp .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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