Laja, aka: Lāja, Lājā; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Laja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Lāja (लाज) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Lāja) various roles suitable to them.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Lāja (लाज).—Also Lājavarṣam—thrown over on festive occasions;1 scattered over the couple Kāmeśvara and Devī.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 27. 26; 49. 14; 55. 17.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 15. 32; 18. 9; 26. 61.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Lāja (लाज) refers to “puffed rice”, according to Sāyaṇa on Taittarīyabrāhmaṇa II.6.4, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The discussions on rice can be seen only in post-Ṛgvedic literature. [...] Lāja and pṛthuka are two rice products used for sacrificial purposes. Lāja is a puffed rice which looks like white flower. The flattened rice or beaten rice is called as pṛthuka. [...] In Gṛhyasutra rituals, especially in marriage ceremonies pouring the puffed rice into the fire (lājahoma) is a significant ritual. Kālidāsa in his Kumārasaṃbhava beautifully describes this ritual at the event of the marriage ceremony of Lord Śiva and Pārvati.

Lāja refers to a type of “fried grain” (bhṛṣṭa-dhānya) and is classified as a type of grain (dhānya) in the section on tṛṇadhānya (grassy grains) in the Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—Tṛṇadhānya-prakaraṇa discusses the varieties and properties of grassy grains [...]. The properties of viz., bhṛṣṭa-dhānya (fried grains) [such as lāja, ...] are explained.

Lāja (derived from vrīhi) is classified as a ‘light foodstuff’ as opposed to vrīhi.—Heavy food should [viz., vrīhi] to be eaten only until one is half satisfied. Light food [viz., lāja] can be eaten until the full satisfaction is obtained. A man whose digestive fire is weak, should abandon heavy food.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A goddess (devadhita). She was once the watcher of a field of paddy rice in Rajagaha, and when Maha Kassapa, out of compassion, approached her, she took some of the parched rice and, with devout heart, poured it into his bowl. Almost immediately she was bitten by a snake, and was reborn after death in Tavatimsa. Realizing that it was to Kassapa that she owed her good fortune, she decided to wait on him, sweep his cell, etc. As soon as Kassapa discovered this, he forbade her to come near him anymore. Laja was much distressed, and the Buddha, noting her despair, sent a ray of light to console her. DhA.iii.6ff.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

lāja : (m.) parched corn.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Lāja, & Lājā (f.) (cp. Vedic lāja: Zimmer, Altind. Leben 269) 1. fried grain, parched corn: occurring only in combination madhu-lāja fried grain with honey, sweet corn J. III, 538; IV, 214, 281.—2. the flower of Dalbergia arborea, used for scattering in bunches (with other flowers making 5 kinds or colours) as a sign of welcome & greeting, usually in phrase lāja-pañcamāni pupphāni (“a cluster of flowers with lāja as the fifth”) DhA. I, 112; VvA. 31; J. I, 55 (°pañcamakāni p.); cp. J. II, 240 (vippakiṇṇa-lāja-kusuma-maṇḍita-talā); VI, 42 (vippakiṇṇa-lāja-kusuma-vāsa-dhūp’andhakāra); DhA. I, 140 (vippakiṇṇa-valikaṃ pañcavaṇṇa-kusuma-lāja-puṇṇaghaṭa-paṭimaṇḍita). (Page 582)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

lāja (लाज).—f (lajjā S) Shame, modesty, sense of decency. 2 Bashfulness. 3 Honor, reputation, honorable standing. v ṭhēva, rākha, sambhāḷa. 4 Shame, dishonor, disgrace; as nāṃvāvara lāja āṇaṇēṃ -lāvaṇēṃ. lāja rākhaṇēṃ g. of o. To hide the shame of; to cover from shame or exposure. Pr. lāja nāhīṃ manā kōṇhī kāṃhīṃ mhaṇā When Shame is extinct in the soul universal reproach is powerless. lājēṃ- kājēṃ or lājalajjēnēṃ By the force or at the impulse of shame; with some sense of shame. kājēṃ is merely in reduplication of lājēṃ. Sometimes the nominative, lājakāja, occurs, implying Shame or modesty in the general. v ghara, bāḷaga, sōḍa, & suṭa, jā, uḍa.

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lājā (लाजा).—f or m pl S See the popular word lāhī or lāhyā.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lāja (लाज).—[lāj-ac] Wetted grain. -जाः (jāḥ) (pl.) Parched or fried grain (f. also); (tam) अवाकिरन् बाललताः प्रसूनै- राचारलाजैरिव पौरकन्याः (avākiran bālalatāḥ prasūnai- rācāralājairiva paurakanyāḥ) R.2.1;4.27;7.25; Ku.7.69, 8.

-jam = उशीर (uśīra) q. v.; लाजोल्लापिकधूमाढ्यमुच्चप्राकारतोरणम् (lājollāpikadhūmāḍhyamuccaprākāratoraṇam) Mb.5.191.21.

Derivable forms: lājaḥ (लाजः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lāja (लाज).—m.

(-jaḥ) Grain, wetted or sprinkled. n.

(-jaṃ) The root of the Andropogon muricatum. f.

(-jā) or masc. plu.

(-jāḥ) Fried grain. E. lāj to fry, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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