Kuvera, aka: Kūvera; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kuvera means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

One of the Deva-vibhāvana (hands that indicate the forms which accord with the character and actions of Brahmā and other Devas).—Kuvera: left hand–Padma, right hand–Gada.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Kuvera in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kuvera (कुवेर):—Son of Ilavilā (daughter of Tṛṇabindu) and Viśravā. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.2.32)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Kuvera (कुवेर).—One of the important demigods in heaven, and the treasurer of wealth. He benedicted the Pāṇḍavas during their exile in the forest; father of Nalakūvara and Maṇigrīva.

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

King of Uttarakuru. His royal residence is Alakamanda and his citadel Visana. His messengers are

  1. Tatola,
  2. Tattola,
  3. Tatotala,
  4. Ojasi,
  5. Tejasi,
  6. Tatojasi,
  7. Sura,
  8. Raja,
  9. Arittha
  10. and Nemi.

His lotus lake is called Dharani. His sons are all called Inda (D.iii.201f). He rules over the northern clime and is lord of the Yakkhas, with a splendid retinue (D.ii.257). He is a follower of the Buddha (SN.v.379).

See Vessavana.

He was once a brahmin called Kuvera and owned a sugar cane farm, where he worked seven mills. The produce of one mill he gave in charity, and when his profits increased he gave alms for twenty thousand years. After death he was born as one of the Catummakarajika devas (DA.iii.966; SNA.i.369f).

In literature the name Kuvera signifies the god of wealth, and his city, Alakamanda, is said to embody all prosperity (E.g., Cv.xxxvii.106; xxxix.5; lxxx.5).

He had nine treasures (Cv.lxxxvii.31; see Hopkins Epic Mythology, 142f).

The Yakkha Punnaka calls himself the minister of Kuvera (J.vi.307, 325).

Kuvera is mentioned in a list of those who reached heaven through generosity (J.vi.201).

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Kūvera (कूवेर) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Kūvera] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Kuvera in Pali glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kuvera : (m.) name of the deity who governs the North; the king of Yakkhas.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuvera (कुवेर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Deformed, monstrous. 2. Slow, lazy m.

(-raḥ) Kuvera the son of Visravas by Iravira, the chief of the Yakshas, god of wealth and regent of the north. E. ku vile, and vera body, alluding to the deformity of the god. who is represented as having three legs and but eight teeth. 2. The Tun tree: see nandivṛkṣa 3. One of the attendants of a Jaina saint. E. As above, or kuvi to cover, &c. and erac Unadi affix; in this case the word may be read kubera.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 163 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kuveracala
Kuverācala (कुवेराचल).—m. (-laḥ) Mount Kailasa. E. kuvera and acala a mountain; the capital of ...
Kuveradri
Kuverādri (कुवेराद्रि).—m. (-driḥ) See the preceding. E. As above, adri being a mountain.
Kuverakshi
Kuverākṣī (कुवेराक्षी).—Name of a plant (Mar. sāgaragoṭī). Kuverākṣī is a Sanskrit compound con...
Kuveradish
Kuveradiś (कुवेरदिश्).—f. the north. Kuveradiś is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms k...
Kuverabandhava
Kuverabāndhava (कुवेरबान्धव).—Name of Śiva.Derivable forms: kuverabāndhavaḥ (कुवेरबान्धवः).Kuve...
Kuvera Nalini
A name given to Dharani. D.iii.202; DA.iii.968.
Kubera
Kubera (कुबेर) is a name that Guṇanidhi obtained from Umā, as a result of his severe penance, a...
Padma
Padma (पद्म).—mn. (-dmaḥ-dmaṃ) 1. A lotus, (Nelumbium speciosum;) it is often confounded with t...
Yaksha
Yakṣa (यक्ष) are a class of semi-divine beings who are attached to the service of Kubera.
Lokapala
Lokapāla (लोकपाल).—m. (-laḥ) 1. A king, a sovereign. 2. A divinity who protects the regions, or...
Shankha
Śaṅkha (शङ्ख) is the name of a plant which is used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śiv...
Kailasa
Kailāsa (कैलास) is said to be the centre of the Himālaya region, Matsya-purāṇa Ch. 121; it is i...
Kinnara
Kinnara (किन्नर), like Yakṣas, are the attendants of Kubera. They are represented as mythical b...
Yama
Yāma (याम) refers to a basic unit of time and equals 3 hours, while 8 yāmas corresponds to 24 h...
Soma
Soma (सोम) refers to a plant, which is supposed to be bought from northern barbarians, is botan...

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