Kuvalayapida, Kuvalayāpīḍa: 7 definitions


Kuvalayapida means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kuvalayapida in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kuvalayāpīḍa (कुवलयापीड).—Name of the elephant posted at the gates of Mathurāpurī to kill Śrī Kṛṣṇa and Balabhadrarāma, who went there to witness the dhanuryajña. But, they killed the elephant.

"raṅgadvāraṃ samāsādya tasmin nāgamavasthitam / apaśyat kuvalayāpīḍaṃ kṛṣṇo smbaṣṭhapracoditam //" (Bhāgavata, Daśama Skandha, Chapter 48, Verse 2).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kuvalayāpīḍa (कुवलयापीड).—The state elephant of Kaṃsā. When Kṛṣṇa came to the mallaraṅga or the wrestlers’ arena, it was ordered that this elephant should be stationed at the gate of the arena to attack him. When Kṛṣṇa entered the araṅga, the mahout Ambaṣṭha led the animal against him, when Kṛṣṇa took hold of its tail, and whirling it round and round, hit its front when it died with the keeper. He seized its tusks and entered the enclosure in glee. At this Kaṃsā was perturbed; its keeper was killed by Rāma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 36. 24 [1], 25; 37. 15; 43. 1-18; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 73. 100; Vāyu-purāṇa 98. 101; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 12. 21; 15. 11, 17; 20. 23, 32-42; 29. 5.
Source: Academia.edu: Tantric elements in Kalhaṇa’s Rājataraṅgiṇī

Kuvalayāpīḍa (कुवलयापीड).—King Kuvalayāpīḍa obtains siddhi through quietism (śama) and shows himself even today to the pious on Śrīparvata. (See Rājataraṅgiṇī verse 4.390)

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Kuvalayapida in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Kuvalayāpīḍa (कुवलयापीड) is the name of the elephant of Candrāvaloka: an ancient Śivi (Śibi) king, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 113. Accordingly, as Kaśyapa said to Naravāhanadatta: “... and he [Candrāvaloka] had a great elephant that trampled the armies of his enemies, known on the earth as Kuvalayapīḍa. Owing to the might of that elephant the king was never conquered by any enemy in his realm, in which the real power was in the hands of the subjects”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kuvalayapīḍa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kuvalayapida in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kuvalayāpīḍa (कुवलयापीड):—[from kuvalaya] m. Name of a prince (= yāditya), [Rājataraṅgiṇī iv, 362 ff.]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a Daitya (who, changed to an elephant, became the vehicle of Kaṃsa), [Harivaṃśa; Gīta-govinda]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of an elephant, [Kathāsaritsāgara cxiii, 19.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Kuvalayapida in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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