Kutatulakutamana, Kūṭatulakūṭamāna, Kutatula-kutamana: 1 definition



Kutatulakutamana means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Kutatulakutamana in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Kūṭatulakūṭamāna (कूटतुलकूटमान) refers to “receiving stolen goods” and represents one of the transgressions (aticāra) of the Asteya-vrata (vow of not stealing).—Siddhasena (in his commentary on the Tattvārtha-sūtra verse 7.22) expanding the interpretation of the Tattvārtha-bhāṣya, explains kūṭatula-kūṭamāna as the use of methods which are fraudulent inasmuch as any deviation from the norm is calculated in one’s own favour when buying or selling, or fixing rates of interest. Thus a tenfold or elevenfold rate of interest, which is sometimes practised out of greed, is inequitable (anyāyya) and illicit. For Haribhadra (in his commentary on the Āvaśyaka-sūtra p. 823a) the aticāra consists in giving short measure when selling, and taking an excess when buying. Abhayadeva, Yaśodeva, and Hemacandra accept the same view. Devendra (in his Śrāddha-dina-kṛtya) like Siddhasena Gaṇin, condemns under this head the levying of exorbitant rates of interest.

The Digambara definition (of kūṭatula-kūṭamāna) is extremely precise: “fraudulent trading in which more is taken for oneself and less given to others when weighing and measuring”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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