Kushala-mula, aka: Kuśala-mūla; 3 Definition(s)


Kushala-mula means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kuśala-mūla can be transliterated into English as Kusala-mula or Kushala-mula, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

the 'wholesome roots' or 'roots of wholesome action', are

  • greedlessness (alobha),
  • hatelessness (adosa), and
  • non-delusion (amoha; s. mūla).

They are identical with kusala-hetu (s . paccaya, 1).

(Source): Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of kushala-mula or kusalamula in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Kuśalamūla (कुशलमूल) refers to the fruits of retribution (vipākaphala) coming from the roots of good, such as flowers (puṣpa), perfumes (gandha), necklaces (niṣka), garments (vastra), banners (patāka), parasols (chattra) and all kinds of precious gems (maṇiratna).

There are three roots of good:

  1. absence of desire (alobha);
  2. absence of hatred (adveśa);
  3. absence of delusion (amoha).

All the good dharmas derive their birth (utpāda) and their increase (vṛddhi) from the three roots of good, just as plants, trees, grasses and bushes derive their arising and growth from their roots. This is why they are called ‘roots of good’.

The good dharmas (kuśaladharma) are of two kinds:

  1. the thirty-seven auxiliaries of enlightenment (bodhipākṣika) that lead to nirvāṇa;
  2. the dharmas producing happiness (sukha) in the course of rebirths (punarbhava).
(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of kushala-mula or kusalamula in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

Kuśalamūla (कुशलमूल) refers to the “three roots of wholesomeness” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 138):

  1. adveṣa (lack of hatred),
  2. alobha (lack of greed),
  3. amoha (lack of delusion).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., kuśala-mūla). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

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