Kuri, Kurī, Kūṟi: 13 definitions


Kuri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Kurī (कुरी) refers to “common millet” and is classified as a type of grain (dhānya) in the section on tṛṇadhānya (grassy grains) in the Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Tṛṇadhānya-prakaraṇa discusses the varieties and properties of grassy grains such as kaṅgu (foxtail millet), kadrava (kodo millet), śyāmāka, varaka and kurī (common millet).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kuri [कुरी] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Galium aparine L. from the Rubiaceae (Coffee) family having the following synonyms: Galium uncinatum, Galium pseudoaparine, Aparine vulgaris. For the possible medicinal usage of kuri, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kuri in India is the name of a plant defined with Dactyloctenium aegyptium in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cynosurus carolinianus Willd. ex Steud. (among others).

2) Kuri is also identified with Holarrhena pubescens It has the synonym Laseguea acutifolia A. DC. fo. glabra (A. DC.) Müll.Arg. ex Arechav. (etc.).

3) Kuri is also identified with Panicum antidotale It has the synonym Paspalum miliaria C. Muell. (etc.).

4) Kuri is also identified with Panicum miliaceum It has the synonym Milium esculentum Moench (etc.).

5) Kuri is also identified with Panicum sumatrense It has the synonym Panicum miliaceum var. attenuatum (Moench) Willd. (etc.).

6) Kuri in Pakistan is also identified with Nyctanthes arbor-tristis It has the synonym Parilium arbor-tristis Gaertn. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Icones Plantarum Formosanarum nec non et Contributiones ad Floram Formosanam (1917)
· Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (1822)
· Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society (1810)
· Flora Boreali-Americana (1803)
· Mexicanas Plantas (1886)
· Cytologia (1995)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kuri, for example health benefits, side effects, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kurī (कुरी).—f An engagement with a god or devil to offer certain things or to perform certain acts precisely at appointed times for the removal of some regularly recurring pain, sickness, or molestation from devils, or devil-visitations upon the crops &c. Ex. bhutālā kurīvara basavilēṃ; bhutācī kurī cukalī mhaṇūna upadrava hōtō. Also such appointed time: also the animal or thing so sacrificed or offered: also the act so performed. 2 Stated or set time more gen. Ex. kurīcē kurīvara dāṇā dilhā asatāṃ ghōḍā cāṅgalā rāhatō. 3 The name of a tree. 4 A drill-plough. Used also, without its seed-tubes, as a harrow. 5 A landmeasure, --about half a bigha.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kurī (कुरी).—A kind of grass or corn.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kurī (कुरी).—f. (-rī) A kind of grass.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kurī (कुरी):—f. a kind of grass or corn, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kurī (कुरी):—(rī) 3. f. A grass.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kuri in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Kūri (कूरि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Krūrin.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kuri (ಕುರಿ):—

1) [verb] to mark a) to put or make a mark or marks on; b) to identify or designate by or as by a mark or marks.

2) [verb] to take note of; to give attention to.

3) [verb] to direct one’s mind to; to mind.

4) [verb] to direct (spoken or written words) to; to speak or write to; to address.

5) [verb] to apply oil, ointment etc. on skin etc.; to anoint.

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Kuri (ಕುರಿ):—[verb] to turn oneself from a straight line or from some direction or position; to bend; to become crooked.

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Kuri (ಕುರಿ):—

1) [noun] the bovid ruminant mammal, Ovis aries, of the genus Ovis with a thick woolly coat, domesticated and kept in flocks for its wool or meat, and is proverbial for its timidity; a sheep.

2) [noun] (fig.) a simple, very timid or stupid person.

3) [noun] ಕುರಿ ಕಾಯು [kuri kayu] kuri kāyu (derog.) (having proved one’s stupidity) to do a job that does not require judgement or reasoning; ಕುರಿಕಾಯುತ್ತೀಯಾ ತೋಳ ಅಂದರೆ, ಸಂಬಳವೇ ಬೇಡ ಎಂದಿತಂತೆ [kurikayuttiya tola amdare, sambalave beda emditamte] kuri kāyuttīya tōḷa a ndare, sambaḷavē bēḍa enditante (prov.) a prudent man does not make the goat his gardener; ಕುರಿ ಕೊಬ್ಬಿದಷ್ಟೂ ಕುರುಬನಿಗೆ ಲಾಭ [kuri kobbidashtu kurubanige labha] kuri kobbidaṣtū kurubanige lābha (prov.) the more fleshier the sheep grows, the more profitable for the slaughterer; ಕುರಿ [kuri](ಗಳನ್ನು [galannu]) ತುಂಬಿದ ಹಾಗೆ ತುಂಬು [tumbida hage tumbu] kuri(gaḷannu) tumbida hāge tumbu to pack like sardine; to jam pack; ಕುರಿ ನಂಬುವುದು ಕಟುಕನನ್ನೇ [kuri nambuvudu katukananne] kuri nambuvudu kaṭuknannē (prov.) people believe those who cheat them, not the honest one; fish follow the bait; ಒಂದು ಕುರಿ ಹಳ್ಳಕ್ಕೆ ಬಿದ್ದರೆ ಎಲ್ಲ ಕುರಿಗಳೂ ಬೀಳುತ್ತವೆ [omdu kuri hallakke biddare ella kurigalu biluttave] ondu kuri haḷḷakke biddare, ella kurigaḷū bīḷuttave (prov.) ignorants act blindly; If one sheep leaps over the dyke, all the rest will follow.

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Kuri (ಕುರಿ):—[noun] = ಕುರಿಬಳ್ಳಿ [kuriballi].

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Kuṟi (ಕುಱಿ):—

1) [verb] to mark a) to put or make a mark or marks on; b) to identify or designate by or as by a mark or marks.

2) [verb] to take note of; to give attention to.

3) [verb] to direct one’s mind to; to mind.

4) [verb] to direct (spoken or written words) to; to speak or write to; to address.

5) [verb] to apply oil, ointment etc. on skin etc.; to anoint.

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Kuṟi (ಕುಱಿ):—

1) [noun] a mark; a sign.

2) [noun] the object to be attained; an aim.

3) [noun] a purpose; an intention.

4) [noun] a dividing line between two countries, states, etc. or the land along it; frontier; border.

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Kuṟi (ಕುಱಿ):—

1) [noun] the bovid ruminant mammal, Ovis aries, of the genus Ovis with a thick woolly coat, domesticated and kept in flocks for its wool or meat, and is proverbial for its timidity; a sheep.

2) [noun] (fig.) a very timid person.

3) [noun] (fig.) a stupid person.

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Kūri (ಕೂರಿ):—[noun] the female of the dog; a bitch.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Kuṟi (குறி) [kuṟittal] 11 transitive verb [Telugu: Travancore usage guri, Kanarese, Malayalam: kuṟi.]

1. To design, intend, contemplate, consider, think; கருதுதல். கொலைகுறித்தன்ன மாலை [karuthuthal. kolaigurithanna vaithiya malaiyagarathi] (அகநா. [agana.] 364).

2. To meditate; தியானித்தல். ஞானி யர்தாங் குறியெட்டக் கரத்தார் [thiyanithal. gnani yarthang kuriyettag karathar] (அஷ்டப்பிரபந்தம் திருவேங்கடமா. [ashdappirapandam thiruvengadama.] 57).

3. To determine, ascertain; வரை யறுத்தல். (பிங்கலகண்டு) [varai yaruthal. (pingalagandu)]

4. To draw, as a line; கோடு வரைதல். புழுக்குறித்தது எழுத்தானாற்போல [kodu varaithal. puzhukkurithathu ezhuthanarpola] (ஈடு-முப்பத்தாறுயிரப்படி [idu-muppatharuyirappadi], 2, 4, 3).

5. To note down; to make the first draft in writing; to sketch an outline in painting; to trace; குறித்துக்கொள்ளுதல். இந்நூ லின் அரும்பதங்களைக் குறிக்க. [kurithukkolluthal. innu lin arumbathangalaig kurikka.]

6. To refer to, denote, suggest, specify; சுட்டுதல். [suttuthal.]

7. To pertain, relate to; பற்றுதல். எதைக்குறித்துப் பேசினாய் [parruthal. ethaikkurithup pesinay]?

8. To aim at, as in shooting; இலக்குவைத் தல். வெய்யோன் குறித்தெறி பிறங்கல் [ilakkuvaith thal. veyyon kuritheri pirangal] (கந்தபு. கயமுகன்வ. [kanthapu. kayamuganva.] 38).

9. To reach, attach oneself to; அடைதல், குரவன் பதத்தைக் குறித்து [adaithal, kuravan pathathaig kurithu] (சைவசமய நெறி பொது. [saivasamaya neri pothu.] 125).

10. To regard, fancy; பாவித்தல், குறித் துச் சிவனெனக் கோபுரத்தை [pavithal, kurith thus sivanenag kopurathai] (சைவசமய நெறி பொது. [saivasamaya neri pothu.] 126).

11. To narrate briefly, tell; சொல்லுதல். உற்ற துங் குறித்தான் [solluthal. urra thung kurithan] (கம்பராமாயணம் அகலிகை. [kambaramayanam agaligai.] 41).

12. To foretell, predict, forebode; முன்னறிவித்தல். தீச் சகுனம் பொல்லாங்கைக் குறிக்கும். [munnarivithal. this sagunam pollangaig kurikkum.]

13. To blow, as a conch; to sound; ஊதியொலித்தல். வலம்புரி குறித்து [uthiyolithal. valamburi kurithu] (மகாபாரதம் பதினேழாம். [magaparatham pathinezham.] 12).

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Kuṟi (குறி) noun < குறி-. [kuri-.]

1. Mark, sign, stamp, emblem, token, symbol, indication, designation; அடையாளம். (பிங்கலகண்டு) [adaiyalam. (pingalagandu)]

2. Aim, mark to shoot at; இலக்கு. கூரிய குணத்தார் குறிநின்றவன் [ilakku. kuriya kunathar kurininravan] (தேவாரம் [thevaram] 356, 3).

3. (Akapporul) Secret appointment by lovers, tryst; குறியிடம். [kuriyidam.] (தொல். பொ. [thol. po.] 130.)

4. Goal, destination; உத்தேசித்த இடம். சென்று மீளாக் குறி [uthesitha idam. senru milag kuri] (கம்பராமாயணம் கடிமண. [kambaramayanam kadimana.] 49).

5. Motive, intention; நோக்கம். [nokkam.]

6. Suggestion, hint, insinuation; குறிப்பு. [kurippu.]

7. Doctrine; மதக்கொள்கை. குறிபலவுங் கொளுவினார் [mathakkolkai. kuripalavung koluvinar] (பெரியபுராணம் திருநா. [periyapuranam thiruna.] 38).

8. Omen, presage, prognostic; முன்னறிந்துகூறும் நிமித்தம். குறியிறைப் புதல்வரோடு [munnarinthugurum nimitham. kuriyiraip puthalvarodu] (குறுந்தொகை [kurundogai] 394).

9. Assembly, village council; சபை. மத்யஸ்தரைக்கொண்டு குறி கூட்டி [sapai. mathyastharaikkondu kuri kutti] (சோழவமிசசரித்திரச்சுருக்கம் [sozhavamisasarithirachurukkam] 55).

10. Turn, occasion; தடவை. ஒருகுறி கேட்போன் [thadavai. oruguri kedpon] (நன். [nan.] 42).

11. Time, days, season, as in இக்குறி [ikkuri], now-a-days; காலம். [kalam.] (W.)

12. Character, principle of conduct; ஒழுக்கம். குறிகெட்டவன். [ozhukkam. kurigettavan.] (W.)

13. Generative organ; ஆண்குறி அல்லது பெண்குறி. [ankuri allathu penkuri.]

14. Stripes, lashes; அடி. [adi.] (J.)

15. Definition, accurate description; இலக்கணம். குறியறிந்தோரே [ilakkanam. kuriyarinthore] (தொல். பொ. [thol. po.] 47).

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Kūṟi (கூறி) noun Black rock-cod, silvery-grey, attaining 30 in. in length, Chrysophrys berda; கறுப்புமட்டிவாய் மீன். [karuppumattivay min.]

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Kuṟi (குறி) noun < குறி-. [kuri-.] Measure; அளவு. ஸர்வேஸ்வரனுக்கும் கைக்குறி யாப்பை வாங்குவது இங்கேயிறே [alavu. sarvesvaranukkum kaikkuri yappai vanguvathu ingeyire] (ஈடு-முப்பத்தாறுயிரப்படி [idu-muppatharuyirappadi], 1, 4, 6).

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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