Kurala, Kurāla: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Kurala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Kurāḷa (कुराऌअ) refers to one of the kingdoms of the south (see Dakṣiṇāpatha) mentioned in Gupta inscription No. 1. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. According to this inscription, all the kings of the region of the north were who attained great fame by liberating them. One of the regions mentioned as situated in the south is Kurāḷa.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Kurāla (कुराल) is a place-name without suffix and is mentioned in the Gupta inscription No. 1. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Kurāla has been mentioned as one of the kingdoms of Dakṣiṇāpatha subdued by Samudragupta. Its ruler was Maṇṭarāja.

Kurāla is taken by Kielhorn to be the same as Kunāla mentioned in the Aihole inscription of Pulakeśin II and identified with the Kolleru lake between the Godavari and the Krishna. But D.R. Bhandarkar objects to this view on the ground that the Kolleru lake must have been included in the kingdom of Veṅgī mentioned later on in the same list in the inscription. G. Ramdas seems to be right when he observes that Kurāla must be the plain country of the Ganjam district to the north-east of the Mahendra hill now chiefly occupied by the Oriyas.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Kurala is the name of a river mentioned as lying on the eastern boundary of Kaśeli, according to the “Kaseli grant of Bhoja II”. Kaśeli still retains its ancient name. It is bounded on the west by the ocean as stated here.

This copper plate (mentioning Kurala) was in the possession of a Brahmaṇa of Sātārā, who lent it to James Grant. It records the grant, by Bhoja II, of the village Kaśeli for providing food daily to twelve Brāhmaṇas. It was made at the request and for the prosperity of the prince Gaṇḍarāditya, on the holy occasion of the Dakṣiṇāyana-saṅkrānti, which occurred on Thursday, the fourth tithi of the bright fortnight of Āṣāḍha 1113 Saka years had elapsed and the cyclic year Virodhakṛt was current.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kuraḷa (कुरळ).—a in poetry kuraḷita a (kurala S) Formed in ringlets, curled--hair. Ex. bhāḷīṃ kuraḷita kēśa ruḷati ||

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kuraḷa (कुरळ).—a Curled-hair.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kurala (कुरल).—

1) An osprey; Y.1.174.

2) The plant Capparis Aphylla (Mar. peṃḍha, vāghaṃṭī, karīla); Rām. 3.6.21.

Derivable forms: kuralaḥ (कुरलः).

See also (synonyms): kurara.

--- OR ---

Kurala (कुरल).—

1) An osprey.

2) A curl, a lock of hair.

Derivable forms: kuralaḥ (कुरलः).

--- OR ---

Kurāla (कुराल).—A light bay horse with black legs.

Derivable forms: kurālaḥ (कुरालः).

See also (synonyms): kurāha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kurala (कुरल).—m.

(-laḥ) A curl, a lock of hair. 2. An osprey, see kurula.

--- OR ---

Kurāla (कुराल).—m.

(-laḥ) A light bay horse with black legs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kurala (कुरल):—[from kurara] m. an osprey, [Atharva-veda.Pariś.]

2) [v.s. ...] = kurula q.v., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kurala (कुरल):—(laḥ) 1. m. A curl; an osprey.

2) Kurāla (कुराल):—(laḥ) 1. m. A light bay horse with black legs.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kurala (कुरल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kurala.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kurala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Kurala (कुरल) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kurala.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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