Kuni, Kuṇī, Kuṇi, Kūṇi: 21 definitions
Kuni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1a) Kuṇi (कुणि).—The son of Jaya (Sañjaya, Viṣṇu-purāṇa). and father of Yugandhara.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 14; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 3.
1b) Is Indupramati.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 97.
2) Kuni (कुनि).—A son of Vedaśiras; an avatār of the 15th dvāpara.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 169.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Kuṇi (कुणि).—Name of an ancient Vṛttikāra the Sūtras of Pāṇini, mentioned in their works by Kaiyata and Haradatta; cf. Kaiyaṭa's Pradīpa on P. I.1.74, also Padamañjarī on I.1.1
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Kuṇi (कुणि) refers to “cripple” [?], according to the Jayadrathayāmala, Ṣaṭka 1 verse 13.3–18::—Accordingly, “[...] [And], O Goddess, [the Śivadharmadīkṣā] has two forms: in Śaiva scriptures the division of initiation is called that without the seed and that with the seed. The Ācārya performs the [initiation] which contains the duty to perform post-initiatory rites purified for children, imbeciles, those whose limbs suffered trauma, deaf people, [, + kuṇi ?] women, people who are suffering from chronic illness and kings and renouncers who are extremely devoted [to Śiva]; this [initiation] is the nirbījā. [...]”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
General definition (in Jainism)
Kūṇi (कूणि) refers to the “corners” (of the samavasaraṇa), according to the Dvādaśaparṣad (a work dealing with the Cosmology of Jain Canonical literature), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The Dvādaśaparṣad deals with the intermediate directions or the ‘corners’ (kūṇi) where the groups of beings attending the samavasaraṇa sacred space have to sit or stand, after the Jina himself has sat in the centre and after they have entered and performed a cirucumambulation.—Cf. The Golerā temple, which specifies how many figures of each category have to be depicted.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Biology (plants and animals)
1) Kuni in India is the name of a plant defined with Abrus precatorius in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Abrus abrus W.F. Wright (among others).
2) Kuni is also identified with Bauhinia variegata It has the synonym Bauhinia variegata var. chinensis DC. (etc.).
3) Kuni is also identified with Ficus benjamina It has the synonym Urostigma benjaminum (Linnaeus) Miquel (etc.).
4) Kuni is also identified with Ficus microcarpa It has the synonym Urostigma microcarpum (L.f.) Miq. (etc.).
5) Kuni is also identified with Ficus retusa It has the synonym Ficus nitida Thunb. (etc.).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Systema Naturae, ed. 12 (1767)
· Caldasia (1946)
· Flora van Nederlandsch Indië (1855)
· Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden (1975)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2005)
· Listados Floristicos de Mexico (1983)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Kuni, for example diet and recipes, health benefits, chemical composition, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, side effects, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
kuṇī : (m.) a cripple. (adj.), crooked-handed.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Kuṇi, (adj.) deformed, paralysed (orig. bent, crooked, cp. kuṇa) only of the arm, Acc. to Pug. A. IV, 19 either of one or both arms (hands) J. I, 353 (expl. kuṇṭhahattha)= DhA. I, 376; Pug. 51 (kāṇa, kuṇi, khañja); see khañja. (Page 220)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
kuṇī (कुणी).—n R A hollow or light grain (of any pulse). 2 f A peg or pin of wood; a wedge or chip to keep apart; a linch-pin; a peg-bolt in numerous agricultural implements.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
kuṇī (कुणी).—f A peg or pin of wood, wedge or chips to keep a part a peg-bolt in nu- merous agricultural implements.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) A cripple with a withered or crooked arm.
2) A whitlow.
Derivable forms: kuṇiḥ (कुणिः).
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Kūṇi (कूणि).—a. Having a crooked arm.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṇiḥ) 1. A cripple with a crooked or withered arm, or with out a hand or finger; kūṇi 2. The Tun tree, (Cedrela tunna:) also tuṇi. 3. A whitlow. E. kuṇ to sound. ki aff.
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Kūṇi (कूणि).—mfn. (-ṇiḥ-ṇiḥ-ṇi) Crooked-armed, having a curved or withered arm: see kuṇi.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kuṇi (कुणि).— (probably a form of kuṣ + ni, cf. kūṇ), m. 1. A cripple with a crooked or withered arm, Mahābhārata 3, 1270. 2. The name of a prince, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 9, 24, 13.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kuṇi (कुणि).—[adjective] = [preceding] (*[with] [instrumental]); [abstract] tva [neuter]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Kuṇi (कुणि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a grammarian. Quoted by Kaiyaṭa on Pāṇ. 1, 1, 75.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kuṇi (कुणि):—mfn. having a crooked or withered arm or an arm without a hand or finger, [Mahābhārata iii, 1270; Suśruta]
2) m. a whitlow, [Horace H. Wilson]
3) the tree Cedrela Toona (= tunna), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) Name of a prince (son of Jaya), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 24, 13]
5) of the author of a [commentator or commentary] on [Pāṇini; Bhartṛhari] [commentator or commentary] on [Patañjali] of a man, Tāṇḍya, [Brāhmaṇa xiii, 4, 11 [Scholiast or Commentator]]
6) of a Ṛṣi, [Vāyu-purāṇa]
7) of Garga, [Mahābhārata ix, 2981 f.]
8) of the author of a Dharma-śāstra, [Parāśara-smṛti]
9) Kūṇi (कूणि):—mfn. (= kuṇi) crooked-armed, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) m. a sort of bird, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kuṇi (कुणि):—(ṇiḥ) 1. m. A cripple with a crooked or withered arm.
2) Kūṇi (कूणि):—[(ṇiḥ-ṇiḥ-ṇi) a.] Crooked-armed.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Kuṇi (कुणि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kuṇi, Kuṇia.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kuṇi (कुणि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kuṇi.
Kuṇi has the following synonyms: Kuṇia.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
1) [verb] to move up and down frequently.
2) [verb] to play or frolic in a boisterous lively way; to make merry; to jump.
3) [verb] to move the body and feet in rhythm ordinarily to music; to dance.
4) [verb] ಕುಣಿದಾಟ [kunidata] kuṇidāṭa a gay, playful jump or leap; an activity engaged in for amusement, expression of one’s joy etc.; ಕುಣಿದಾಡಿಸು [kunidadisu] kuṇidāḍisu to cause to jump or play in boisterous or lively way; ಕುಣಿದಾಡು [kunidadu] kuṇidāḍu to jump or play in boisterous or lively way; to caper; to gambol; ಕುಣಿಯಲಾರದವಳು ನೆಲಡೊಂಕು ಎಂದಳು [kuniyalaradavalu neladomku emdalu] kuṇiyalāradavaḷu nela ḍoṃku eṇḍaḷu (prov.) (prov.) one blames others, the situation, etc. for one’s own failures or inefficiency; a bad workman blames his tools; ಕುಣಿಯುತ್ತಾ ಇರು [kuniyutta iru] kuṇiyuttā iru to be very (often, too) enthusiastic; ಕುಣಿಯುವ ಕಾಲಿಗೆ ಗೆಜ್ಜೆಕಟ್ಟು [kuniyuva kalige gejjekattu] kuṇiyuva kālige gejjekaṭṭu (prov.) to encourage a person who is already intensely enthusiastic or devoted for a cause.
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1) [noun] a hole or cavity in the ground; a pit; a depressed part or place; a hollow.
2) [noun] a hollow place within something; a cavity.
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1) [noun] a man with a crippled, withered or crooked arm.
2) [noun] the tree Lagerstroemia lanceolata of Lythraceae family.
3) [noun] its wood.
4) [noun] the tree Cedrela toona.
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1) [verb] to bend; to stoop; to shrink.
2) [verb] to pay obeisance by bending the head or throwing the body on the ground, with face downwards, in submission.
3) [verb] to make a retreat; to withdraw; to back; to hesitate.
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1) [noun] a depression in the ground; a pit.
2) [noun] a small garden; a kitchen-garden.
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1) [noun] the dry outer covering of grains as rāgi, jowar, etc.
2) [noun] the grain with husk, after threshing.
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1) [noun] a basket for catching fish in a small stream or canal.
2) [noun] ಕೂಣಿಹಾಕು [kunihaku] kūṇi hāku (fig.) to plan or contrive artfully or deceitfully to bring about (an occurrence etc.).
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Kūni (ಕೂನಿ):—[noun] a woman with abnormal curvature of the spine; a hump-backed woman.
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Kūni (ಕೂನಿ):—[noun] a large pot made of baked clay; a large earthen boiler.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+36): Kunia, Kunibahu, Kunicu, Kunigalla, Kunigalu, Kunigannu, Kunigarga, Kuniha, Kunika, Kunikalu, Kunikantha, Kunike, Kunikegamtu, Kunikegara, Kunikegolisu, Kunikehuri, Kunikenota, Kunikil, Kunikilu, Kunikol.
Ends with (+17): Adekuni, Agneyakuni, Akashashakuni, Bhulingashakuni, Brahmi thankuni, Dhankuni, Harikuni, Ishanakuni, Kankuni, Karakuni, Kirukuni, Kivikuni, Kotiyanarkuni, Krishnashakuni, Kulakuni, Kuntunkuni, Kutikku-c-cakuni, Lajkuni, Lichkuni, Mahashakuni.
Full-text (+34): Kaunya, Koni, Tarukuni, Kauneya, Kunipadi, Kunis, Kunitva, Kunaru, Kune, Utis kunis, Tuni, Kunibahu, Karoo kuni-bush, Kunin, Golera, Nairrita, Kunetraka, Kunia, Khanja, Mahishman.
Search found 19 books and stories containing Kuni, Kuṇī, Kuṇi, Kūṇi, Kūni; (plurals include: Kunis, Kuṇīs, Kuṇis, Kūṇis, Kūnis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (study) (by A. Yamuna Devi)
Physical Deformities < [Chapter 3 - Social Aspects]
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
Vasudevavijaya of Vasudeva (Study) (by Sajitha. A)
Kāraka (d): Karaṇa < [Chapter 3 - Vāsudevavijaya—A Grammatical Study]
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Section 52 < [Shalya Parva]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 9 - Śiva’s incarnations as Yogācāryas < [Section 7.2 - Vāyavīya-saṃhitā (2)]
Chapter 5 - The nineteen incarnations of Śiva < [Section 3 - Śatarudra-saṃhitā]
Indian Medicinal Plants (by Kanhoba Ranchoddas Kirtikar)
54. Nymphaea lotus, Linn. < [Nymphaeaceae (water lilies family)]