Kuni, Kuṇī, Kuṇi, Kūṇi, Kuṉi, Kūṉi: 23 definitions


Kuni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kuṇi (कुणि).—The son of Jaya (Sañjaya, Viṣṇu-purāṇa). and father of Yugandhara.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 14; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 3.

1b) Is Indupramati.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 97.

2) Kuni (कुनि).—A son of Vedaśiras; an avatār of the 15th dvāpara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 169.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of kuni in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Kuṇi (कुणि).—Name of an ancient Vṛttikāra the Sūtras of Pāṇini, mentioned in their works by Kaiyata and Haradatta; cf. Kaiyaṭa's Pradīpa on P. I.1.74, also Padamañjarī on I.1.1

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Discover the meaning of kuni in the context of Vyakarana from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Kuṇi (कुणि) refers to “cripple” [?], according to the Jayadrathayāmala, Ṣaṭka 1 verse 13.3–18::—Accordingly, “[...] [And], O Goddess, [the Śivadharmadīkṣā] has two forms: in Śaiva scriptures the division of initiation is called that without the seed and that with the seed. The Ācārya performs the [initiation] which contains the duty to perform post-initiatory rites purified for children, imbeciles, those whose limbs suffered trauma, deaf people, [, + kuṇi ?] women, people who are suffering from chronic illness and kings and renouncers who are extremely devoted [to Śiva]; this [initiation] is the nirbījā. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of kuni in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I

Kūṇi (कूणि) refers to the “corners” (of the samavasaraṇa), according to the Dvādaśaparṣad (a work dealing with the Cosmology of Jain Canonical literature), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The Dvādaśaparṣad deals with the intermediate directions or the ‘corners’ (kūṇi) where the groups of beings attending the samavasaraṇa sacred space have to sit or stand, after the Jina himself has sat in the centre and after they have entered and performed a cirucumambulation.—Cf. The Golerā temple, which  specifies how many figures of each category have to be depicted.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of kuni in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Institut Français de Pondichéry: The Shaivite legends of Kanchipuram

Kuṇi (குணி) (in Tamil) refers to Kuṇi in Sanskrit, and represents one of the proper nouns mentioned in the Kanchipuranam, which narrates the Shaivite Legends of Kanchipuram—an ancient and sacred district in Tamil Nadu (India). The Kanchipuranam (mentioning Kuṇi) reminds us that Kanchipuram represents an important seat of Hinduism where Vaishnavism and Shaivism have co-existed since ancient times.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of kuni in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kuni in India is the name of a plant defined with Abrus precatorius in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Abrus abrus W.F. Wright (among others).

2) Kuni is also identified with Bauhinia variegata It has the synonym Bauhinia variegata var. chinensis DC. (etc.).

3) Kuni is also identified with Ficus benjamina It has the synonym Urostigma benjaminum (Linnaeus) Miquel (etc.).

4) Kuni is also identified with Ficus microcarpa It has the synonym Urostigma microcarpum (L.f.) Miq. (etc.).

5) Kuni is also identified with Ficus retusa It has the synonym Ficus nitida Thunb. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Systema Naturae, ed. 12 (1767)
· Caldasia (1946)
· Flora van Nederlandsch Indië (1855)
· Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden (1975)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2005)
· Listados Floristicos de Mexico (1983)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kuni, for example diet and recipes, health benefits, chemical composition, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

Discover the meaning of kuni in the context of Biology from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kuṇī : (m.) a cripple. (adj.), crooked-handed.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kuṇi, (adj.) deformed, paralysed (orig. bent, crooked, cp. kuṇa) only of the arm, Acc. to Pug. A. IV, 19 either of one or both arms (hands) J. I, 353 (expl. kuṇṭhahattha)= DhA. I, 376; Pug. 51 (kāṇa, kuṇi, khañja); see khañja. (Page 220)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of kuni in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kuṇī (कुणी).—n R A hollow or light grain (of any pulse). 2 f A peg or pin of wood; a wedge or chip to keep apart; a linch-pin; a peg-bolt in numerous agricultural implements.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kuṇī (कुणी).—f A peg or pin of wood, wedge or chips to keep a part a peg-bolt in nu- merous agricultural implements.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of kuni in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuṇi (कुणि).—

1) A cripple with a withered or crooked arm.

2) A whitlow.

Derivable forms: kuṇiḥ (कुणिः).

--- OR ---

Kūṇi (कूणि).—a. Having a crooked arm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṇi (कुणि).—m.

(-ṇiḥ) 1. A cripple with a crooked or withered arm, or with out a hand or finger; kūṇi 2. The Tun tree, (Cedrela tunna:) also tuṇi. 3. A whitlow. E. kuṇ to sound. ki aff.

--- OR ---

Kūṇi (कूणि).—mfn. (-ṇiḥ-ṇiḥ-ṇi) Crooked-armed, having a curved or withered arm: see kuṇi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṇi (कुणि).— (probably a form of kuṣ + ni, cf. kūṇ), m. 1. A cripple with a crooked or withered arm, Mahābhārata 3, 1270. 2. The name of a prince, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 9, 24, 13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṇi (कुणि).—[adjective] = [preceding] (*[with] [instrumental]); [abstract] tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Kuṇi (कुणि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a grammarian. Quoted by Kaiyaṭa on Pāṇ. 1, 1, 75.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kuṇi (कुणि):—mfn. having a crooked or withered arm or an arm without a hand or finger, [Mahābhārata iii, 1270; Suśruta]

2) m. a whitlow, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) the tree Cedrela Toona (= tunna), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Name of a prince (son of Jaya), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 24, 13]

5) of the author of a [commentator or commentary] on [Pāṇini; Bhartṛhari] [commentator or commentary] on [Patañjali] of a man, Tāṇḍya, [Brāhmaṇa xiii, 4, 11 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

6) of a Ṛṣi, [Vāyu-purāṇa]

7) of Garga, [Mahābhārata ix, 2981 f.]

8) of the author of a Dharma-śāstra, [Parāśara-smṛti]

9) Kūṇi (कूणि):—mfn. (= kuṇi) crooked-armed, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) m. a sort of bird, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kuṇi (कुणि):—(ṇiḥ) 1. m. A cripple with a crooked or withered arm.

2) Kūṇi (कूणि):—[(ṇiḥ-ṇiḥ-ṇi) a.] Crooked-armed.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kuṇi (कुणि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kuṇi, Kuṇia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kuni in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of kuni in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Kuṇi (कुणि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kuṇi.

Kuṇi has the following synonyms: Kuṇia.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

Discover the meaning of kuni in the context of Prakrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kuṇi (ಕುಣಿ):—

1) [verb] to move up and down frequently.

2) [verb] to play or frolic in a boisterous lively way; to make merry; to jump.

3) [verb] to move the body and feet in rhythm ordinarily to music; to dance.

4) [verb] ಕುಣಿದಾಟ [kunidata] kuṇidāṭa a gay, playful jump or leap; an activity engaged in for amusement, expression of one’s joy etc.; ಕುಣಿದಾಡಿಸು [kunidadisu] kuṇidāḍisu to cause to jump or play in boisterous or lively way; ಕುಣಿದಾಡು [kunidadu] kuṇidāḍu to jump or play in boisterous or lively way; to caper; to gambol; ಕುಣಿಯಲಾರದವಳು ನೆಲಡೊಂಕು ಎಂದಳು [kuniyalaradavalu neladomku emdalu] kuṇiyalāradavaḷu nela ḍoṃku eṇḍaḷu (prov.) (prov.) one blames others, the situation, etc. for one’s own failures or inefficiency; a bad workman blames his tools; ಕುಣಿಯುತ್ತಾ ಇರು [kuniyutta iru] kuṇiyuttā iru to be very (often, too) enthusiastic; ಕುಣಿಯುವ ಕಾಲಿಗೆ ಗೆಜ್ಜೆಕಟ್ಟು [kuniyuva kalige gejjekattu] kuṇiyuva kālige gejjekaṭṭu (prov.) to encourage a person who is already intensely enthusiastic or devoted for a cause.

--- OR ---

Kuṇi (ಕುಣಿ):—

1) [noun] a hole or cavity in the ground; a pit; a depressed part or place; a hollow.

2) [noun] a hollow place within something; a cavity.

--- OR ---

Kuṇi (ಕುಣಿ):—

1) [noun] a man with a crippled, withered or crooked arm.

2) [noun] the tree Lagerstroemia lanceolata of Lythraceae family.

3) [noun] its wood.

4) [noun] the tree Cedrela toona.

--- OR ---

Kuni (ಕುನಿ):—

1) [verb] to bend; to stoop; to shrink.

2) [verb] to pay obeisance by bending the head or throwing the body on the ground, with face downwards, in submission.

3) [verb] to make a retreat; to withdraw; to back; to hesitate.

--- OR ---

Kuni (ಕುನಿ):—

1) [noun] a depression in the ground; a pit.

2) [noun] a small garden; a kitchen-garden.

--- OR ---

Kuni (ಕುನಿ):—

1) [noun] the dry outer covering of grains as rāgi, jowar, etc.

2) [noun] the grain with husk, after threshing.

--- OR ---

Kūṇi (ಕೂಣಿ):—

1) [noun] a basket for catching fish in a small stream or canal.

2) [noun] ಕೂಣಿಹಾಕು [kunihaku] kūṇi hāku (fig.) to plan or contrive artfully or deceitfully to bring about (an occurrence etc.).

--- OR ---

Kūni (ಕೂನಿ):—[noun] a woman with abnormal curvature of the spine; a hump-backed woman.

--- OR ---

Kūni (ಕೂನಿ):—[noun] a large pot made of baked clay; a large earthen boiler.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of kuni in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Kuṇi (குணி) noun < guṇin.

1. Object, possessing attributes; பண்பி. குணத்தின்பெயர் குணிமேல் நின்றது [panpi. kunathinpeyar kunimel ninrathu] (திருக்குறள் [thirukkural], 53, உரை [urai]).

2. C endowed with good qualities; நற்குணமுடையவன் [narkunamudaiyavan]

--- OR ---

Kuṇi (குணி) noun < kuṇi.

1. That which lame; முடமானது. (சூடாமணிநிகண்டு) [mudamanathu. (sudamaninigandu)]

2. Person with withered hand, useless arm; சொத்தைக்கையன். கஞ்சன் குணி கூனன் [sothaikkaiyan. kanchan kuni kunan] (சைவசமய நெறி ஆசா. [saivasamaya neri asa.] 10).

--- OR ---

Kuṇi (குணி) [kuṇittal] 11 transitive verb < guṇ.

1. To estimate, calculate, compute, reckon; கணித் தல். அவர்குழுக் குணிக்கின் [kanith thal. avarkuzhug kunikkin] (கந்தபு. அசுரர்தோ. [kanthapu. asurartho.] 25).

2. To reflect, consider; ஆலோசித்தல். கொணரும் வகை யாவதெனக் குணிக்கும் வேலை [alosithal. konarum vagai yavathenag kunikkum velai] (கம்பராமாயணம் திருவவ. [kambaramayanam thiruvava.] 38).

3. To determine, define, limit; வரையறுத் தல். (திவா.) [varaiyaruth thal. (thiva.)]

4. (Arithmetic) To multiply; பெருக்கு தல். [perukku thal.]

--- OR ---

Kuṉi (குனி) [kuṉital] 4 intransitive verb [Telugu: kuṅgu, Kanarese, Malayalam: kuni.]

1. To bend, as a bow; வளைதல். குனிவளர் சிலை [valaithal. kunivalar silai] (சீவகசிந்தாமணி [sivagasindamani] 486).

2. To bow, make obeisance; வணங்குதல். (சூடாமணிநிகண்டு) [vananguthal. (sudamaninigandu)]

3. To stoop; to descend low; தாழ்தல். (சூடாமணிநிகண்டு) குனிந்த வூசலிற் கொடிச்சி [thazhthal. (sudamaninigandu) kunintha vusalir kodichi] (கம்பராமாயணம் சித்திர. [kambaramayanam sithira.] 24).

4. To fall, as in battle; வீழ்தல். குஞ்சரங் குனிய நூறி [vizhthal. kuncharang kuniya nuri] (சீவகசிந்தாமணி [sivagasindamani] 2293).

5. To pity, commiserate, relent; இரங்குதல். (சதுராகராதி) [iranguthal. (sathuragarathi)]

--- OR ---

Kuṉi (குனி) [kuṉittal] 11 verb Causative of குனி¹-. [kuni¹-.] transitive To bend, curve; வளைத்தல். குனித்த புருவமும் [valaithal. kunitha puruvamum] (தேவாரம் [thevaram] 11, 4). — intransitive

1. To dance; ஆடுதல். அன்பரென்பூடுருகக் குனிக்கும் . . . பரன் [aduthal. anparenpudurugak kunikkum . . . paran] (திருக்கோவையார் [thirukkovaiyar] 11).

2. To quaver, quiver, shake, as the voice in singing; குரல் நடுங்குதல். [thirukkural nadunguthal.] (W.)

--- OR ---

Kuṉi (குனி) noun < குனி¹-. [kuni¹-.] [Kanarese, Malayalam: kuni.]

1. Curvature; வளைகை. குனிகொள் பாக வெண்மதி [valaigai. kunigol paga venmathi] (சீவகசிந்தாமணி [sivagasindamani] 704).

2. Bow; வில். (சதுராகராதி) [vil. (sathuragarathi)]

--- OR ---

Kūṉi (கூனி) noun < idem. [Kanarese, Malayalam: kūni.]

1. Hunch-backed woman; கூனலுள்ளவன். கூனி தன் னொடு மணமனை புக்கு [kunalullavan. kuni than nodu manamanai pukku] (சிலப்பதிகாரம் அரும்பதவுரை [silappathigaram arumbathavurai] 3,171).

2. Mantarai, a slave of Kaikēyi, who intrigued with her mistress on the eve of Rama's coronation and prevented it; இராமபிரான் முடிசூடுதலைச் சூழ்ச்சி செய்து தடுத்த மந்தரை. [iramapiran mudisuduthalais suzhchi seythu thadutha mantharai.]

3. Rainbow; வானவில். கிழக்கில் ஆனிமாதம் கூனிபோட்டால் அறுபதுநாள் மழையில்லை. [vanavil. kizhakkil animatham kunipottal arupathunal mazhaiyillai.] (J.)

4. See கூனியிறால். கூனிகொத்தி . . . கொக்கிருக்கும் பண்ணை [kuniyiral. kunigothi . . . kokkirukkum pannai] (திருக்குற்றாலக் குறவஞ்சி [thirukkurralag kuravanchi] 94).

--- OR ---

Kūṉi (கூனி) noun < பங்குனி. [panguni.] Paṅkuṉi, the 12th Tamil month, March-April; பங்குனி. ஆனி அடிகோலாதே கூனி குடிபோகாதே. [panguni. ani adigolathe kuni kudipogathe.] Pro.

--- OR ---

Kūṉi (கூனி) noun < Urdu khūnī. Murder; கொலை. [kolai.] Local usage

--- OR ---

Kuṇi (குணி) noun < guṇin. Bow; வில். (யாழ்ப்பாணத்து மானிப்பாயகராதி) [vil. (yazhppanathu manippayagarathi)]

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

Discover the meaning of kuni in the context of Tamil from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: