Kundadhana, aka: Kuṇḍadhāna; 1 Definition(s)


Kundadhana means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Kundadhana in Theravada glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

An arahant. He was proclaimed the first among those who received food tickets (salaka) (A.i.24). He came of a brahmin family of Savatthi and his name was Dhana. He knew the Vedas by heart, and when advanced in years, heard the Buddha preach and joined the Order. From that day, however, in all his movements the form of a young woman followed him wherever he went, though he himself could not see the figure. This caused great merriment and evoked many sarcastic remarks, which he could not understand. When he went for alms women would put into his bowl two portions of food, saying, One is for your Reverence and the other for your friend, the young lady, your companion. In the monastery the novices and young monks would point at him and say: Look, our venerable one has become a konda (gallant?). From this he became known as Konda- or Kundadhana. Driven to distraction by this teasing, he became abusive and was reported to the Buddha, who hade him be patient as he was only being pursued by the remnant of an evil kamma. Pasenadi, king of Kosala, hearing of Kundadhana, was interested, and being satisfied by personal investigation that the Elder was blameless, provided him with all necessaries, so that he need no longer go round for alms. This enabled him to concentrate his mind, and he became an arahant. Thereupon the figure of the woman disappeared.

Kundadhanas claim to be the first among receivers of salaka was due to the fact that he it was who received the first food ticket when the Buddha visited

Maha Subhadda at Ugganagara,

Culla Subhadda at Saketa, and also

the Sunaparanta janapada.

Only khinasavas were allowed to accompany the Buddha on these visits.

Kundadhanas determination to attain this special eminence was formed in the time of Padumuttara Buddha. Once he gave Padumuttara a well ripened comb of bananas when the Buddha arose from a long trance. As a result he became king of the devas eleven times and king of men twenty four times.

He was an earthbound sprite in the time of Kassapa Buddha. Seeing two monks, firm friends, on their way to the uposatha held by the Buddha, he had a mischievous desire to test their friendship, and when one of the monks retired into the forest leaving the other on the road, he followed the former, unseen by him, assuming the form of a woman arranging her hair, adjusting her garments, and so on. The second monk, seeing his friend return and shocked by his apparent misdemeanour, left him in disgust, refusing to perform the uposatha with him. Realising the effect of his practical joke, the sprite did all he could to make amends, but the friendship of the two monks was for ever spoilt. The sprite suffered the fears of hell for a whole Buddha era, and even in his last birth as Kundadhana his evil kamma pursued him, as seen above. AA.i.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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