Kulika, Kuḷika, Kūlikā: 21 definitions



Kulika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kuḷika can be transliterated into English as Kulika or Kuliika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kulika (कुलिक).—A prominent serpent born of Kadrū. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 65, Verse 41).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kulika (कुलिक).—A chief Nāga of Pātāla.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 31.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kulika (कुलिक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.40, I.65) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kulika) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Kathā

Kulika (कुलिक).—One of the eight kulas (‘families’) of nāgas mentioned by Soḍḍhala in his Udayasundarīkathā. Kulika, and other nāgas, reside in pātāla (the nether world) and can assume different forms at will. Their movement is unobstructed in the all the worlds and they appear beautiful, divine and strong.

The Udayasundarīkathā is a Sanskrit work in the campū style, narrating the story of the Nāga princess Udayasundarī and Malayavāhana, king of Pratiṣṭhāna. Soḍḍhala is a descendant of Kalāditya (Śilāditya’s brother) whom he praises as an incarnation of a gaṇa (an attendant of Śiva).

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Kulika (कुलिक) is the name of a Nāga mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Kulika).

Source: Google Books: Vajrayogini

Kulika (कुलिक).—Serpent deity (nāga) of the south-western cremation ground.—Kulika is described in the Śmaśānavidhi as smoke-colored, having a half-moon on his hood, seated beneath the mass of creepers, making the añjali. The manuscript of Guhyasamayasādhanamālā reports Kuliśa.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Kulika (कुलिक) is the name of a serpent (nāga) associated with Ghorāndhakāra: the south-western cremation ground (śmaśāna) according to the Vajravārāhī-sādhana by Umāpatideva as found in te 12th century Guhyasamayasādhanamālā. As a part of this sādhana, the practicioner is to visualize a suitable dwelling place for the goddess inside the circle of protection which takes the form of eight cremation grounds.

These nāga-kings (e.g., Kulika) are variously known as nāgarāja, nāgeśa, nāgendra and bhujageśa and are depicted as wearing white ornaments according to Lūyīpāda’s Śmaśānavidhi. They have human tosos above their coiled snaketails and raised hoods above their heads. They each have their own color assigned and they bear a mark upon their raised hoods. They all make obeisance to the dikpati (protector) who is before them and are seated beneath the tree (vṛkṣa).

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Kulika (कुलिक) refers to one of the eight serpent king (nāgendra) of the Guṇacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the guṇacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. Kulika is associated with the charnel grounds (śmaśāna) named Ghorāndhakāra; with the tree (vṛkṣa) named Latāparkaṭi; with the direction-guardians (dikpāla) named Rākṣasa and with the cloud king (meghendra) named Varṣaṇa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kulika.—(EI 15, 35), ‘the head of a guild’; but cf. Prathama-kulika, ‘the foremost among the Kulikas’, who was the member of a board of administration like the Pañcāyat Board. Some inscriptions of the Gupta age mention a board of administration consisting of the Nagara-śreṣṭhin Sārthavāha, Prathama-Kulika and Prathama-Kāyastha (Ep. Ind., Vol. XV, p. 130), where Kulika seems to mean ‘an artisan’. Kulika is also mentioned as a people probably meaning mercenary soldiers of the Kullu valley (ibid., Vol. XVII, p. 321); cf. Vogel, Ant. Ch. St., pp. 126-27. (HD), an officer in charge of ten villages who was granted a kula of land for his salary (Manu, VII. 119, and Kullūka thereon); also ‘an arbitrator as a tribunal’ (IHQ, Vol. XIX, p. 14). Note: kulika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kulika, (adj.) (fr. kula) belonging to a family, in agga° coming from a very good family PvA. 199. (Page 223)

— or —

Kuḷika, (?) in kata°-kalāpaka a bundle of beads? Bdhgh Vin. II, 315 (C. V, V. 1, 3) in explanation of kuruvindaka-sutti. (Page 223)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kuḷīka (कुळीक).—f ē or ī A violent vomiting and purging; a description of Mort de chien or Cholera morbus.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kuḷīka (कुळीक).—f A violent vomiting and purging.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kulika (कुलिक).—a. Of a good family, well-born.

-kaḥ 1 A kinsman; Y.2.233.

2) The chief or head of a guild.

3) An artist of high birth.

4) A hunter; कुलिकरुतमि- वाज्ञाः कृष्णवध्वो हरिण्यः (kulikarutami- vājñāḥ kṛṣṇavadhvo hariṇyaḥ) Bhāg.1.47.19.

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Kūlikā (कूलिका).—f. The lower part of the lute.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kulika (कुलिक).—adj. (not in Pali, except in aggakulika; see agra°), of good family: Divyāvadāna 366.6 eko 'grakulikaputro dvitīyaḥ kulikaputraś ca.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kulika (कुलिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Of a good family, well-born. m.

(-kaḥ) One of the eight chiefs of the Nagas or serpent race, described as having a half moon on the top of his head, and being of a monkey hue. 2. An artist or artificer of eminent birth. 3. A thorny plant, (Ruellia longifolia) 4. The chief or headman of a tribe or caste. E. kula family, &c. kan affix, and i substituted for a.

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Kūlikā (कूलिका).—f.

(-kā) Base or bottom part of the Indian lute.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kulika (कुलिक).—i. e. kula + ika, m. 1. A kinsman, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 2, 233. 2. The name of a king of the Nāgas or serpents, Mahābhārata 1, 2549.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kulika (कुलिक).—[masculine] a kinsman.

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Kulīkā (कुलीका).—[feminine] a kind of bird.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kulika (कुलिक):—[from kula] a mfn. of good family, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] a judge, [Nārada-smṛti, nāradīya-dharma-śāstra]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a kinsman, [Yājñavalkya ii, 233]

4) [v.s. ...] the chief or head man of a guild, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] any artisan of eminent birth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a hunter, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa x, 47, 19]

7) [v.s. ...] a thorny plant (Ruellia longifolia or Asteracantha longifolia), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] (= kulavāra) Tuesday or Friday

9) [v.s. ...] one of the eight chiefs of the Nāgas or serpent-race (described as having a half-moon on the top of his head and being of a dusky-brown colour), [Mahābhārata i, 2549; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] a kind of poison, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

12) b See kula.

13) Kulīkā (कुलीका):—[from kulīkaya] f. a kind of bird, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xxiv, 24.]

14) Kūlikā (कूलिका):—[from kūlaka > kūla] a f. bottom part of the Indian lute (cf. kūṇikā), [Horace H. Wilson]

15) Kūlika (कूलिक):—m. Name of a prince, [Mahāvīra-caritra]

16) Kūlikā (कूलिका):—[from kūlika] b f. See kūlaka.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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