Kshuraka, Kṣuraka: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Kshuraka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣuraka can be transliterated into English as Ksuraka or Kshuraka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)

Kṣuraka (क्षुरक, “barber”) is an official title designating one of the seventy-two officers (niyoga) of the Bāhattaraniyogādhipati circle, according to the Inscriptional glossary of Andhra Pradesh (Śāsana-śabdakośāmu). The bāhattaraniyoga-adhipati is the highest executive officer of this circle (including a Kṣuraka). For example: During the reign of Gaṇapatideva, the area extending between Pānagal to Mārjavāḍi was entrusted to Gaṇḍapeṇḍāru Gangayasāhiṇi as Bāhattaraniyogādhipati. Later on, this office was entrusted to Kāyastha Jannigadeva.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Kṣuraka (क्षुरक) is another name for Gokṣura, a medicinal plant identified with Tribulus terrestris Linn. (“puncture vine”) from the Zygophyllaceae or “caltrop” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.40-43 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Kṣuraka and Gokṣura, there are a total of ten Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Kṣuraka (क्षुरक) is also mentioned as a synonym for Kokilākṣa, a medicinal plant identified with Astercantha longifolia Nees., a synonym of synonym of Hygrophila auriculata (Schumach.) Heine from the Acanthaceae or “acanthus” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.191-193. Together with the names Kṣuraka and Kokilākṣa, there are a total of fourteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kṣuraka (क्षुरक).—m. (compare Sanskrit kṣura, kṣurikā, Pali khura, churikā, knife), knife, applied in pl. to certain ‘winds’ in the body, in a list of them: Śikṣāsamuccaya 248.13 (kukṣigamāḥ śastrakāḥ) kṣurakāḥ sūcakāḥ…

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣuraka (क्षुरक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A plant, commonly Tila. 2. Barleria longifolia. 3. Tribulus lanuginosus. E. kṣur to scratch, &c. kkun aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣuraka (क्षुरक).—[masculine] [Name] of a plant; [feminine] kṣurikā knife, dagger.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣuraka (क्षुरक):—[from kṣur] m. = rāṅga, [Suśruta; Bhāvaprakāśa]

2) [v.s. ...] several other plants (Asteracantha longifolia; the tree Tilaka; = bhūtāṅkuśa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] the hoof of a cow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of particular clouds, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣuraka (क्षुरक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A plant (Tila; Barleria longifolia; and Tribu. lus lanuginosus).

[Sanskrit to German]

Kshuraka in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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