Kshudha, Kṣudhā: 18 definitions


Kshudha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣudhā can be transliterated into English as Ksudha or Kshudha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Kṣudhā (क्षुधा, “Hunger”):—One of the names of Mahāsarasvatī (sattva-form of Mahādevī). Mahākālī is one of the three primary forms of Devī. Not to be confused with Kālī, she is a more powerful cosmic aspect (vyaṣṭi) of Devi and represents the guṇa (universal energy) named tamas. For reference, see the Devī Māhātmya, a Sanskrit work from the 5th century, incorporated into the Mārkaṇḍeya-Purāṇa.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kṣudhā (क्षुधा) refers to “hunger” and is used to describe Goddess Umā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.3.—Accordingly, as the Gods eulogized Umā (Durgā/Satī) with devotion:—“[...] you are sleep in all living beings; you are hunger (i.e., kṣudhā), satiety, thirst, splendour, brilliance and contentment. You are the delighter of every one for ever. To those who perform meritorious actions you are the goddess of fortune. To the sinners you are the eldest sister, the deity of Ignominy; you are peace for the universe, and the mother sustaining lives”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Kṣudhā (क्षुधा) refers to a “hungry (snake)”, as taught in the Damśarūpa (“aspects of snake-bites”) section of the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Agadatantra or Sarpavidyā).—The author discusses conditions under which snakes bite, types of fangs and bites, vital spots of bite which can be fatal, stages of envenomation and astrological considerations for snake-bite effect. Bite accompanied by saliva and wound caused by a hungry (kṣudhā-artha) and aggressive serpent can be cured only with intensive efforts

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kṣudhā (क्षुधा):—Hunger, an uneasy sensation occasioned by the lack of food

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kṣudhā (क्षुधा, “hunger”) refers to one of the  hardships (parīṣaha), or “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.1 (Incarnation as Nandana). While practicing penance for a lac of years, Muni Nandana also endured a series of trials hard to endure (e.g., kṣudhā). Nandana is the name of a king as well as one of Mahāvīra’s previous births.

Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I

Kṣudhā (क्षुधा, “hunger”) refers to one of the various “sufferings inherent to the hells (naraka)”, according to Rājasoma’s “Naraka ko coḍhālyo”, which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—No name of any source is given in the text but the three stages followed in the exposition correspond closely to those found in a handbook such as Nemicandrasūri’s Pravacanasāroddhāra, [e.g.,] 1) sufferings inherent to the hells (up to 2r): heat (uṣṇa), cold (sīta), hunger (kṣudhā), thirst (tṛṣā), itching caused by knives (churī), bad smell, internal burning, fear of coming dangers known through avadhi or vibhaṅga knowledges, sorrow.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṣudhā (क्षुधा).—f (S) Hunger.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kṣudhā (क्षुधा).—f Hunger. kṣudhita p Hungered, hungry.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣudhā (क्षुधा).—f. [kṣudhā],

1) Hunger; सीदति क्षुधा (sīdati kṣudhā) Manusmṛti 7.134,4.187.

2) Food.

See also (synonyms): kṣud.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣudhā (क्षुधा).—f.

(-dhā) Hunger. E. kṣudh to be hungry, affixes aṅ and ṭāp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣudhā (क्षुधा).—[kṣudh + ā], f. Hunger, Pañc 88, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣudhā (क्षुधा).—[feminine] the same; kara causing hunger.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣudhā (क्षुधा):—[from kṣudh] f. ([gana] ajādi, [Gaṇaratna-mahodadhi 40]) idem, [Nalopākhyāna; Pañcatantra]

2) [v.s. ...] a mystical Name of the letter y, [Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣudha (क्षुध):—(ya, ḷ, au) kṣudhyati 4. a. To be hungry, to suffer hunger.

2) Kṣudhā (क्षुधा):—(dhā) 1. f. Idem.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kṣudha (क्षुध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Chudha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kshudha in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kshudha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kṣudhā (क्षुधा):—(nf) appetite, hunger; ~[rta/—pīḍita] hungry, famished.

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