Kshirini, Kṣīriṇī: 10 definitions


Kshirini means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣīriṇī can be transliterated into English as Ksirini or Kshirini, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Kṣīriṇī (क्षीरिणी) is the Sanskrit name for an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 5.50-51 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Kṣīriṇī (or Satyānāsī as it is known in Hindi), is a widespread thorny shrub throughout the country Notes: Kṣīriṇī (or Satyānāsī as it is known in Hindi) can be identified with any of the following: 1) Garcinia morella Desr., 2) Euphorbia thomsoniana Boiss., 3) Argemone mexicana Linn., 4) Euphorbia pilosa Linn.—Also see Svarṇakṣīrī.

Kṣīriṇī is mentioned as having thirteen synonyms: Kāñcanakṣīrī, Karṣaṇī, Kaṭuparṇikā, Tiktadugdhā, Haimavatī, Himadugdhā, Himāvatī, Himādrijā, Pītadugdhā, Yavaciñcā, Himodbhavā, Haimī and Himajā.

Properties and characteristics: “Kṣīriṇī is pungent (kaṭu), bitter (tikta), purgative and cures oedema and fevers/burning sensation. It quells kapha-doṣa and is anthelmintic. It relieves fevers due to pitta-doṣa”.

2) Kṣīriṇī (क्षीरिणी) is also mentioned as a synonym for Kuṭumbinī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 5.78-80. Together with the names Kṣīriṇī and Kuṭumbinī, there are a total of twelve Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: Jajjaṭa’s Nirantarapadavyākhyā and Other Commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā

Kṣīriṇī (क्षीरिणी) possibly refers to a synonym of Payasyā: a medicinal plant mentioned in the 7th-century Nirantarapadavyākhyā by Jejjaṭa (or Jajjaṭa): one of the earliest extant and, therefore, one of the most important commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā.—Note: Ḍalhaṇa has identified Payasyā with Arkapuṣpī in general, but sometimes also with Kṣīravidārī and Kṣīrakākolī, while others have at some places called it Kṣīriṇī.—(Cf. Glossary of Vegetable Drugs in Bṛhattrayī 238, Singh and Chunekar, 1999).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Kshirini in Arts glossary
Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Kṣīriṇī (क्षीरिणी) refers to the “moon plant” (used in the treatment of hawks), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the treatment of hawks]: “In the former case (inflammations produced by bile), the powder of the bark of the moon plant (kṣīriṇī) mixed with sessamum oil is to be given with meat: this may also be plastered over the affected part. If it is the effect of the distemper of the phlegm, two muscles are to be pierced with a heated iron needle. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kshirini [क्षीरिणी] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Manilkara hexandra from the Sapotaceae (Mahua) family having the following synonyms: Mimusops hexandra. For the possible medicinal usage of kshirini, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Kshirini [क्षीरिणी] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Oxystelma esculentum from the Apocynaceae (Oleander) family.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Kshirini in India is the name of a plant defined with Argemone mexicana in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Echtrus mexicanus (L.) Nieuwl. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Pittonia (1898)
· Description des Plantes qui Croissent aux Environs de Montauban (1789)
· Recent Res. Pl. Sci.. (1979)
· Ethnobotany (2004)
· Histoire Naturelle des Végétaux (1839)
· Methodus Plantas Horti Botanici et Agri Marburgensis (1794)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kshirini, for example diet and recipes, side effects, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, health benefits, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣīriṇī (क्षीरिणी).—f. (-ṇī) 1. A milch cow. 2. A tree bearing an edible fruit, (Mimusops kauki.) 3. A medicinal kind of the moon plant or acid Asclepias. E. kṣīra milk, and ini affix, alluding to its juice, fem. affix ṅīp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣīriṇī (क्षीरिणी):—[from kṣīrin > kṣīra] f. a dish prepared with milk, [Kathāsaritsāgara lxv, 142 f.]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of several plants (Mimusops Kauki, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ; a variety of acid Asclepias used in medicine, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; etc.), [Suśruta iv, 9, 26.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣīriṇī (क्षीरिणी):—(ṇī) 3. f. Idem; acid Asclepias; a milch-cow.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kṣīriṇī (क्षीरिणी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Khīriṇī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṣīriṇi (ಕ್ಷೀರಿಣಿ):—

1) [noun] = ಕ್ಷೀರಾವಿ - [kshiravi -] 1.

2) [noun] the plant Datura stramonium of Solanaceae family.

3) [noun] a soft, sweet dish made of milk.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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