Kshirika, Kṣīrika, Kṣīrikā: 10 definitions

Introduction

Kshirika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kṣīrika and Kṣīrikā can be transliterated into English as Ksirika or Kshirika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Kṣīrika (क्षीरिक):—Sanskrit name for one of the twenty-four sacred sites of the Sūryamaṇḍala, the first maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra, according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. The Khecarīcakra is the fifth and final cakra located just above the head. Each one of these holy sites (pītha) is presided over by a particular Khecarī (‘sky-goddess’). This Kṣīrika-pītha is connected with the goddess Lokamātā.

Source: academia.edu: The Samādhi of the Plowed Row (Shaivism)

Kṣīrikā (क्षीरिका) is mentioned as one of the upakṣetras, maped internally to the eight lotus petals at the top of the heart cakra, according to the Tantraloka 15.90-91.

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II) (shaivism)

Kṣīrika (क्षीरिक) refers to one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the Kubjikāmatatantra (chapter 22). Prayāga is presided over by the Goddess (Devī) named Lokamātṛ accompanied by the Field-protector (Kṣetrapāla) named Mahāmeru. Their weapon possibly corresponds to the khaḍga. A similar system appears in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18).

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Kṣīrika (क्षीरिक) is a Sanskrit word identified with a specific kind of tree by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as bearing good fruits. The King should plant such domestic plants in and near villages. He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.

The following is an ancient Indian recipe for such nourishment of trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.105-109: “The trees (such as kṣīrika) are to be watered in the morning and evening in summer, every alternate day in winter, in the fifth part of the day (i.e., afternoon) in spring, never in the rainy season. If trees have their fruits destroyed, the pouring of cold water after being cooked together with Kulutha, Māṣa (seeds), Mudga (pulse), Yava (barley) and Tila (oil seed) would lead to the growth of flowers and fruits. Growth of trees can be helped by the application of water with which fishes are washed and cleansed.”

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Kṣīrikā (क्षीरिका) refers to a type of dish featuring milk (kṣīra) as an ingredient, as described as described in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.

(Ingredients of Kṣīrikā): milk, ghee, rice and sugar.

(Cooking instructions): Mix the raw rice with ghee in half boiled pure milk. Cook the mixture well. This dish is called as kṣīrika. Adding sugar and ghee to it will make it more delicious. It is very similar to the ‘pālpāyasaṃ’ of Kerala.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Kṣīrika (क्षीरिक) refers to one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18). These districts are not divided into subgroups, nor are explained their internal locations. They [viz., Kṣīrika] are external holy places, where the Tantric meting is held with native women who are identified as a native goddess. A similar system appears in the tradition of Hindu Tantrims, i.e., in the Kubjikāmatatantra (chapter 22), which belongs to the Śākta sect or Śaivism.

Kṣīrika is presided over by the Goddess (Devī) named Lokamātṛ accompanied by the Field-protector (Kṣetrapāla) named Mahāmeru. Their weapon possibly corresponds to the khaḍga and their abode (residence) is mentioned as being a sāla-tree.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣīrikā (क्षीरिका).—

1) A dish prepared with milk.

2) Name of plant (Mar. dudhī, rāṃjaṇī, khiraṇī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kṣīrikā (क्षीरिका).—(nt.), °kā recorded as name of a tree Sanskrit Lex., and once in Var.Bṛh.S., [Boehtlingk and Roth] 5.1350; the one oc- currence cited from Mahābhārata in [Boehtlingk and Roth], [Boehtlingk], is shown by Crit. ed. 3.155.42d to be a false reading for kṣīriṇas, acc. pl.; compare Sanskrit kṣīrin, name of one or more trees, and kṣīriṇī, name of various plants; AMg. khīriṇī, name of a creeper; compare s.v. kṣīraka (1) °kā, name of a tree, perhaps date, but context gives no clue in Lalitavistara 381.12 (prose) kṣīrikā-vana-nivāsinī- devatā-; Tibetan śiṅ ḥo ma can, milky tree; in Mahāvastu ii.248.16 read probably °kāhi with mss., see s.v. kṣīraka; (2) °kā, name of a kind of grass or herb: Mahāvastu ii.137.1, 19 kṣīrikā (v.l. both times sthinikā) nāma tṛṇajāti; medicinal, brought by Śakra from Mt. Gandhamādana, Avadāna-śataka i.31.16 kṣīrikām oṣadhīm; (3) nt. kṣīrikāni (so; no v.l.), fruits, apparently of the date: Mahāvastu ii.475.16, in a list of names of fruits, all nt. pl.

Kṣīrikā can also be spelled as Kṣīrika (क्षीरिक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣīrikā (क्षीरिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. A tree bearing an edible fruit, (Mimusops kauki, Rox.) 2. A potherb, Bhuicaonra, (Convolvulus paniculatus.) E. kṣīra milk, affix ṭhak.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣīrikā (क्षीरिका):—[from kṣīraka > kṣīra] f. a dish prepared with milk, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

2) [v.s. ...] a variety of the date tree, [Mahābhārata iii, 11570] (= iii, 158, 47 [edition] [Bombay edition]; [varia lectio] ka), [Lalita-vistara xxiv.]

3) Kṣīrika (क्षीरिक):—[from kṣīra] m. a kind of serpent, [Suśruta v, 4, 35]

4) [v.s. ...] for rikā See sub voce raka.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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