Kshirasagara, Kshira-sagara, Kṣīrasāgara: 13 definitions


Kshirasagara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣīrasāgara can be transliterated into English as Ksirasagara or Kshirasagara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[«previous next»] — Kshirasagara in Pancaratra glossary
Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama

Kṣīra-sāgara—Ocean of Milk: This symbolizes the state of undifferentiated unity of prakriti (primordial matter) prior tocreation of the universe. From liquid milk solid butter is churned—from the undifferentiated Prakriti differentiated solid matter arises. The kṣīra-sāgara stands for thepure unadulterated state when the three gunas [the three cosmic forces; (rajas) centrifugalforce—expansion, (tamas) centripetal force—contraction and (sattva) centralizing orharmonizing force] exist in perfect harmony and balance. When this balance is disturbed then the competing forces give rise to the creation of matter in it’s five states–solid (earth), liquid (water), gaseous (air), heat (fire) and expansion (space).

It also represents the consciousness, in the myth dealing with the churning of the ocean of milk we have the symbol of churning the mind through devotion in order to produce theessence (butter) in the form of God Consciousness. During this process the 14 jewels are extracted. The ocean is also symbolic of the space or ether or infinity, and Vishnu is identified with the sun whose function of creation, preservation and destruction in our solar system is identical to that of the Supreme Lord in the entire universe.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kshirasagara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kṣīrasāgara (क्षीरसागर).—Sea of Milk. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 102, that Brahmā drank too much of Amṛta and vomited. From the vomit the cow Surabhi came into being. The milk of Surabhi flowed and collected into a sea. This sea is called the milk-sea or Kṣīrasāgara.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kshirasagara in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Kṣīrasāgara (क्षीरसागर) refers to the “ocean of milk”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “The remnant of that (Kaula) gathering was thrown into the ocean of milk (kṣīrasāgara) and all that Kaulika sacrificial pap was eaten by a fish. There arose the one there called Mīna. He is Macchanda in the Age of Strife and is famous in the preceding tradition. Maṅgalā is in that House”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Kṣīrasāgara (क्षीरसागर) refers to a “milky ocean”, according to the Vāruṇī Pūjā [i.e., Varuni Worship] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Oṃ in the mandala a passion called vajra, a milky ocean of the fluid Kha (khadhātu-kṣīrasāgara), By the idea of churning in ambrosia, in the beautiful ocean of sucking milk, In that arises the goddess of liquor, a beautiful pleasurable virgin, The same color as the rising sun, equally splendid as red lacquer”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Kshirasagara in Jainism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A cultural study on the jain western Indian illustrated manuscripts

Kṣīrasāgara (क्षीरसागर, “milky ocean”).—The eleventh of “fourteen dreams” of Triśalā.—The milky ocean is described thus; filled with deep water, rising waves, which become more energetic with the increase in the speed of wind, crocodiles and other large fish, make their appearance causing white foam.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kshirasagara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣīrasāgara (क्षीरसागर).—the sea of milk. यथा भगवता ब्रह्मन्मथितः क्षीरसागरः (yathā bhagavatā brahmanmathitaḥ kṣīrasāgaraḥ) Bhāgavata 8.5.11.

Derivable forms: kṣīrasāgaraḥ (क्षीरसागरः).

Kṣīrasāgara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṣīra and sāgara (सागर). See also (synonyms): kṣīrasamudra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣīrasāgara (क्षीरसागर).—m. the sea of milk, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 8, 5, 11.

Kṣīrasāgara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṣīra and sāgara (सागर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣīrasāgara (क्षीरसागर).—[masculine] the ocean (of milk).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Kṣīrasāgara (क्षीरसागर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Hillājadīpikā. read Np. Vii, 36.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣīrasāgara (क्षीरसागर):—[=kṣīra-sāgara] [from kṣīra] m. = -dhi, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa viii, 5, 11]

[Sanskrit to German]

Kshirasagara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kshirasagara in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṣīrasāgara (ಕ್ಷೀರಸಾಗರ):—[noun] = ಕ್ಷೀರಜಲಾಕರ [kshirajalakara].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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