Kshayi, Kṣayī: 6 definitions



Kshayi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣayī can be transliterated into English as Ksayi or Kshayi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Kṣayī (क्षयी) or Kṣayin refers to “one who is consumptive”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] Nor should he have leprosy, deformed nails, white leprosy, brown teeth, be a consumptive (kṣayī), one born in Kacchadeśa, or from Kāverī or Koṅkana. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., kṣayī), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., kṣayī) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Mining Aśvaghoṣa's Gold: Buddhacarita

Kṣayī (क्षयी) refers to “decrepit” according to the Saundarananda 16.44.—“when a man sees a separate bodily form as decrepit (kṣayī), that insight of his is accurate; In seeing accurately he is disenchanted, and from the ending of exuberance ends the red taint of passion”

India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume 27 (1947-1948)

Kṣayī (क्षयी, “full”) can refer to both “exhaustible” and “consumptive”, according a Mandasor inscription of Mālava Saṃvat 524 [=5th-century A.D.] in verse 24:—“[...] may this store of water (i.e., the well), that constantly enjoys the festivity of union with the bodies of many women (who go to bathe there) always be full (kṣayī) like the ocean that (also) enjoys the constant festivity of union with many rivers (who are, as it were,) his wives ! May this stūpa worshipped by gods, demons, mortals and serpent-divinities, also last as long as the heavenly mountain Mēru, the sun and the moon!”.

Note: The word kṣayī is used here in a double sense (śleṣa): (1) ‘exhaustible’ and (2) ‘consumptive’. The reference here is to the fate of a man who indulges too much in sexual pleasure, the well-known exception being the ocean.─Ed.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṣayī (क्षयी).—a S That decays or wastes. 2 Having kṣayarōga, consumptive.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kṣayī (क्षयी).—a Consumptive. That decays.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣayi (क्षयि):—[from kṣi] (in [compound] for yin q.v.)

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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