Kshatrapa, Kṣatrapa, Kshatra-pa: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kshatrapa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣatrapa can be transliterated into English as Ksatrapa or Kshatrapa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Kshatrap.

India history and geography

Source: academia.edu: The Chronology of Ancient Gandhara and Bactria

The origin of the Western Saka Kshatrapas.—Saka Kshatrapas became the military officials of Indo-Pahlavas (Gondopharid dynasty) after the fall of Indo-Scythian empire around 766 BCE. Jain sources tell us that Kalakacharya wanted to take revenge on Gardabhilla, the king of Ujjain. He crossed Indus river around 724 BCE and met many Saka satraps. He motivated them to get rid of their inferior status under Indo-Pahlava kings and invade on Ujjain to become independent kings. Kalakacharya succeeded in his mission and brought 95 Saka satraps to Ujjain. These Saka satraps defeated Gardabhilla and became the kings of Ujjain in 723 BCE. They reigned for 4 years but Vikramaditya I drove them away and founded a powerful Malava kingdom in 719 BCE. It appears that these Saka satraps (kshatrapas) did not go back to their native place after the defeat. One group of these satraps (led by the forefathers of Chashtana) settled in the region close to Girnar, Gujarat whereas another group (led by the forefathers of Kshaharata Bhumaka) settled in the region close to Nasik, Maharashtra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kṣatrapa.—(IE 8-2, 8-3; ML; HD), feudatory title of foreign origin; Old Persian Khshathrapāvan, ‘a provincial governor’; a Satrap. See CII, Vol. II, pp. xxxiv, 23, 28; Vogel, Ant. Ch. St., p. 166. See Mahākṣatrapa. Note: kṣatrapa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kshatrapa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṣatrapa (क्षत्रप).—a governor, satrap; (a word found on coins and inscriptions.)

Derivable forms: kṣatrapaḥ (क्षत्रपः).

Kṣatrapa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṣatra and pa (प).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣatrapa (क्षत्रप):—[=kṣatra-pa] [from kṣatra] m. a governor, Satrap (a word found on coins and in [Inscriptions]) (cf. mahā-kṣ.)

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kṣatrapa (क्षत्रप):—(kṣatra + pa) m. Satrap, auf Münzen [ Kunde des Morgenlandes 3, 161. 4, 186. 200.]

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Kṣatrapa (क्षत्रप):—vgl. mahā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kṣatrapa (क्षत्रप):—m. Satrap.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kshatrapa in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kṣatrapa (क्षत्रप) [Also spelled kshatrap]:—(nm) a satrap.

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