Kritaka, Kṛtaka, Krītaka: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Kritaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṛtaka can be transliterated into English as Krtaka or Kritaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kṛtaka (कृतक).—A son of Madirā and Vasudeva.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 48; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 172; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 15. 23.

1b) A son of Cyavana and father of UparicaraVasu.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 79-80.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Kṛtaka (कृतक) refers to one of the twelve types of sons (putra) according to the Nāradasmṛti 4.13.45-46.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṛtaka (कृतक).—a. [kṛta-kan]

1) Done, made, prepared; (opp. naisargika); यद्यत्कृतकं तत्तदनित्यम् (yadyatkṛtakaṃ tattadanityam) Nyāya Sūtra.

2) Artificial, done or prepared artificially; अकृतकविधि सर्वाङ्गीणमाकल्प- जातम् (akṛtakavidhi sarvāṅgīṇamākalpa- jātam) R.18.52.

3) Feigned, pretended, false, sham, assumed; कृतककलहं कृत्वा (kṛtakakalahaṃ kṛtvā) Mu.3; Kirātārjunīya 8.46.

4) Adopted (as a son &c.); oft. at the end of comp. also; यस्योपान्ते कृतकतनयः कान्तया वर्धितो मे (yasyopānte kṛtakatanayaḥ kāntayā vardhito me) (bālamandāravṛkṣaḥ) Meghadūta 77; सोऽयं न पुत्रकृतकः पदवीं मृगस्ते (so'yaṃ na putrakṛtakaḥ padavīṃ mṛgaste) (jahāti) Ś.4.14; Uttararāmacarita 1.4.

-kam 1 A kind of salt (Mar. biḍaloṇa).

2) Sulphate of copper.

-kam ind. In a simulated manner; अपयाति सरोषया निरस्ते कृतकं कामिनि चुक्षुवे मृगाक्ष्या (apayāti saroṣayā niraste kṛtakaṃ kāmini cukṣuve mṛgākṣyā) Śiśupālavadha 9.83.

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Krītaka (क्रीतक).—a. Got by purchase.

-kaḥ A son bought from his parents and adopted; क्रीणीयाद्यस्त्वपत्यार्थं मातापित्रोर्यम- न्तिकात् । स क्रीतकः सुतस्तस्य सदृशोऽसदृशोऽपि वा (krīṇīyādyastvapatyārthaṃ mātāpitroryama- ntikāt | sa krītakaḥ sutastasya sadṛśo'sadṛśo'pi vā) || Manusmṛti 9.174; cf. क्रीत (krīta) abvove.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kṛtaka (कृतक).—adj. (perhaps essentially identical with Sanskrit kṛtaka, but with peculiar tinge of meaning as opp. of akṛtaka, q.v.): created (person or thing), fashioned, material or tangible (person or thing): Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 60.14; 61.1, 9, etc.; 176.11; 187.9. Mistranslated ‘creator’ (!) by Suzuki e.g. at 61.9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtaka (कृतक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Artificial, factitious, made, not produced spontaneously. 2. Assumed, simulated, not natural. n.

(-kaṃ) Factitious salt, produced by boiling and evaporating from saline soils. E. kṛt to cut or divide, Unadi affix aka.

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Krītaka (क्रीतक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A son bought from his natural parents, and adopted as male issue; also krīta and krītaputtraḥ see the preceding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtaka (कृतक).—[kṛ + ta + ka] 1., I. adj. 1. Adopted, Mahābhārata 13, 2630. 2. Feigned, [Pañcatantra] 188, 5. 3. False, Mahābhārata 13, 2607. Ii. m. A proper name, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 9, 24, 47. Iii. kam, acc. sing. n., adv. Feignedly, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 83.

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Krītaka (क्रीतक).—[krīta + ka] (vb. krī), adj. Acquired by purchase, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 174.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛtaka (कृतक).—[adjective] made, prepared, artificial, unnatural. false. °—& [neuter] [adverb] — With putra [masculine] an adopted son; [abstract] tva [neuter]

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Krītaka (क्रीतक).—[adjective] = [preceding] adj.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṛtaka (कृतक):—[from kṛ] mfn. artificial, factitious, done artificially, made, prepared, not produced spontaneously, [Nirukta, by Yāska; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] not natural, adopted (as a son), [Mahābhārata xiii, 2630; Meghadūta]

3) [v.s. ...] assumed, simulated, false, [Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra; Raghuvaṃśa xviii, 51 etc.]

4) [from kṛ] m. Name of a son of Vasu-deva, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 24, 47]

5) [v.s. ...] of a son of Cyavana, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] n. a kind of salt (= viḍ-lavaṇa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] sulphate of copper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Krītaka (क्रीतक):—[from krī] mfn. bought from his natural parents (and adopted as male issue), [Manu-smṛti ix, 174; Pravara texts]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṛtaka (कृतक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Artificial.

2) Krītaka (क्रीतक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A son bought from his parents, and adopted.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kṛtaka (कृतक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kayaga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kritaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṛtaka (ಕೃತಕ):—

1) [adjective] not natural; made by or resulting from art or artifice; constructed, contrived.

2) [adjective] affected; insincere; feigned; factitious; sham.

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Kṛtaka (ಕೃತಕ):—

1) [noun] an ingenious expedient; a cunning trick; an underhand, deceitful plan; an artful or sly trickery.

2) [noun] that which is made, constructed; construction.

3) [noun] he who deceives; a cheat.

4) [noun] a kind of factitious salt.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

1) Kṛtaka (कृतक):—adj. artificial; duplicate;

2) Krītaka (क्रीतक):—n. 1. an indentured slave; 2. an adopted son;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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