Krakucchanda: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Krakucchanda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Krakuchchhanda.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Krakucchanda (क्रकुच्छन्द) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Krakucchanda).

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Krakucchanda (क्रकुच्छन्द) refers to one of the seven mortal Buddhas (mānuṣī) whose names appear last in the list of thirty-two Buddhas in Mahāyāna Buddhism.—The last seven Tathāgatas are well-known, and are designated by the Mahāyānist as Mānuṣī or “Mortal Buddhas”. When represented, the last seven Mortal Buddhas appear all alike; they are of one colour and one form, usually sitting cross-legged,with the right hand disposed in the Bhūmisparśa-mudrā (earth-touching attitute), which is the mudrā peculiar to Akṣobhya. [...] In paintings, the Mortal Buddhas [viz., Krakucchanda] have usually a yellow or golden complexion. [...] Sometimes they are represented as standing, in which case the appear under a distinguishing Bodhi Tree and with a distinguishing mudrā.

Krakucchanda is associated with the (Mortal) Buddhaśakti named Kakudvatī, and together they bring into existence the (Mortal) Bodhisattva named Śakamaṅgala.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Krakucchanda in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Krakucchanda (क्रकुच्छन्द) is the name of a Buddha according to the according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XV).—Accordingly, “... During the good kalpa, there were four Buddhas, Krakucchanda, Kanakamuni “golden sage”, Kaśyapa and Śākyamuni”.

According to the Mahāvadānasūtra, Buddha Krakucchanda or Krakasunda had an “assistant” (upasthāyaka) named Aśoka.—Each Buddha had his assistant (upasthāyaka), a monk specially attached to his person, entrusted with fanning him, carrying his robe and bowl for alms-round, introducing visitors. The Sanskrit Mahāvadānasūtra has drawn up a list of the assistants who served the last seven Buddhas: [...] Bhadrika for Krakasunda (or Krakucchanda), [...]

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Krakucchanda (क्रकुच्छन्द) is the name of a Tathāgata previously known as the universal king Puṇyālaṃkāra, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly: as Lord said to the Bodhisattva Ratnaśrī: “Son of good family, [if you think that,] at that time, the king Puṇyālaṃkāra was a someone else, you should not think so. Why is that? It is the Tathāgata Krakucchanda, who, during that time, was the universal king Puṇyālaṃkāra. The Bodhisattva Gaganagañja was at that time the Bodhisattva Siṃhavikrāntagāmin, and thus for the first time the rain of jewels poured down from open space. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Krakucchanda in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Krakucchanda (क्रकुच्छन्द) refers to the fourth of the “seven Buddhas” (saptatathāgata) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 6). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., saptatathāgata and Krakucchanda). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Krakucchanda in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Krakucchanda (क्रकुच्छन्द) or Krakuchanda.—(1) (= Pali Kakusaṃdha), also written Krakutsanda (Mahāvastu i.2.6; v.l. ii.302.22; v.l. iii.246.9; iii.330.6; Gaṇḍavyūha 297.26; 441.15; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 68.27; 426.9); Kakuc- chanda, v.l. Kakutsanda, Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 65.7 and 76.14; in Mahāvyutpatti 90 Krakucchanda, 91 also Kakutsunda (but Mironov only the former, with v.l. °tsanda, reporting that 1 ms. adds and then deletes Krakutsunda); the Tibetan translation is regularly ḥkhor ba ḥjig, destroyer of the saṃsāra, which is given in Mahāvyutpatti 91, while 90 strangely gives log pa daṅ sel (which I have found nowhere else and cannot interpret) for Krakucchanda: name of a former Buddha, almost in- variably the third before Śākyamuni in the standard series (but in Mahāvastu iii.231.3 a much earlier Buddha in a long list which later contains at 240.8 the same name in his regular position); as such most commonly named with Kanaka- muni (or equivalent form, see this) and Kāśyapa, the two Buddhas intervening between Kra° and Śākyamuni; in Mahāvastu i.2.6 Kanakamuni is omitted, probably by accident of tradition; sporadically the order is varied; the three together named (often with others in list) in Mahāvyutpatti 90—93; Dharmasaṃgraha 6; Mahāvastu i.294.19—20; 318.13, 18; ii.265.9, 11, 14; 266.3; 300.2, 4, 6; 302.22; 304.12, 13; 336.4, 8, 12; 400.12, 14, 17; 401.7, 8; iii.240.8, 9 f.; 241.17; 243.16; 244.6, 7; 246.9; 247.11; 300.12—13, 18—19; 330.6—7; Lalitavistara 5.16; 281.14, 15; 283.17 (here meter requires krā°; all mss. °chanda, n. sg., Lefm. em. °chandu for no apparent reason); Divyāvadāna 333.5—6; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 68.27; 397.12, 13; 426.8, 9; Gaṇḍavyūha 206.11—12; 297.26—298.4; 441.15—16; Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 29.1 = 142.14; 141.9—10; 365.5; Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 71.20—21; without Kanaka° and Kāśyapa, Divyāvadāna 254.3; 418.23 ff.; Avadāna-śataka i.285.17; ii.29.7; 100.10; Kāraṇḍavvūha 93.14; Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 38.12; 65.7; 76.14; Gaṇḍavyūha 300.21; 358.19; (2) name of a yakṣa: Mahā-Māyūrī 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Krakucchanda (क्रकुच्छन्द):—m. Name of the 1st of the five Buddhas of the present Kalpa, [Buddhist literature]

[Sanskrit to German]

Krakucchanda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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