Kotha, Kōṭha, Koṭha: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Kotha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Koṭha (कोठ) refers to “erythema” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning koṭha] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Koṭha (कोठ) refers to “urticaria”, mentioned in verse 4.18 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Erysipelas, urticaria [viz., koṭha], leprosy, itching of the eyes, jaundice, and fever as well as cough, dyspnea, palpitation of the heart, freckles of the face, and swellings of the skin (result) from (suppressed) vomiting. A gargle, an inhalant, a fast, after one has eaten pungent (food)—its ejection, gymnastics, a bloodletting, and a purgative (are) commended in this case”.

Note: Koṭha is, according to VI.31.32 sq., a persistent form of utkoṭha, a disease characterized by numerous strongly itching, red-coloured, circular spots on the skin and identified by Dutt as Urticaria evanida (see Jolly, Medicin p. 101), by others as impetigo, ringworm, etc. (see MW p. 313). Its usual Tibetan correspondent is zlum-po, which properly denotes any round-shaped object. In the present case it has been rendered by bras, which is equated in Mahāvyutpatti 9487 to gaṇḍa (“pimple”).

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Kotha (कोथ):—Suppuration and sloughing, It is a symptom produced by insect of dooshivisha category (causing chronic poisoning).

2) Koṭha (कोठ):—Wheels on the skin.

3) Koṭhā (कोठा):—[koṭhāḥ] It is a symptom seen in third impulse of poisoning which means urticaria.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kotha in the Gujarati language is the name of a plant identified with Limonia acidissima Limonia acidissima L. from the Rutaceae (citrus) family having the following synonyms: Feronia elephantum, Feronia limonia, Schinus limonia. For the possible medicinal usage of kotha, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Kotha in India is the name of a plant defined with Limonia acidissima in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Feronia elephantum Corr. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (1800)
· Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. (1846)
· Lingnaam Agricultural Review (1924)
· Taxon (1980)
· Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences (1914)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kotha, for example pregnancy safety, side effects, extract dosage, chemical composition, health benefits, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kōṭha (कोठ).—m (kōṭṭa S) A fort: also a castle. 2 The wall of a fort.

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kōṭha (कोठ).—m S A species of leprosy characterized by large round spots. 2 Ringworm.

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kōṭhā (कोठा).—m (kōṣṭa S) A large granary, store-room, warehouse, water-reservoir &c. 2 The stomach. 3 The chamber of a gun, of water-pipes &c. 4 A bird's nest. 5 A cattle-shed. 6 The chamber or cell of a hunḍi in which is set down in figures the amount.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kōṭhā (कोठा).—m A large granary, store-room, &c. The stomach. A bird's nest. A cattle- shed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Koṭha (कोठ).—

1) A variety of leprosy with large round spots.

2) Ring-worm.

Derivable forms: koṭhaḥ (कोठः).

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Kotha (कोथ).—a. [kuth-ghañ]

1) Afflicted with pain.

2) Churned.

-thaḥ 1 Putrefaction, corruption.

2) A sore.

3) Gangrene.

4) A disease of the eyes.

5) Churning.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Koṭha (कोठ).—m.

(-ṭhaḥ) 1. A species of leprosy with large round spots. 2. Ringworm, impetigo. E. kuṭh to surround, affix ghañ.

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Kotha (कोथ).—mfn.

(-thaḥ-thā-thaṃ) 1. Afflicted with pain. 2. Churned. m.

(-thaḥ) 1. Inflamation, and ulceration of the angles of the eyelids. 2. Gangrene. 3. Churning. E. kuth to afflict or be afflicted. affix ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Koṭha (कोठ).— (a dialect form of kuṣṭha), m. A species of leprosy, [Suśruta] 1, 156, 3.

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Kotha (कोथ).—i. e. kuth + a, m. 1. Putrefaction, [Suśruta] 1, 41, 19. 2. Gangrene, [Suśruta] 1, 92, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kotha (कोथ).—[masculine] putrefaction, corruption.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Koṭha (कोठ):—m. ([from] kuṣṭha), a species of leprosy with large round spots (ringworm, impetigo), [Suśruta]

2) Kotha (कोथ):—mfn. (√kuth) ‘afflicted with pain’ or ‘churned’ (śaṭita, or mathita), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) m. putrefaction, corruption, [Suśruta]

4) a sore, gangrene, [Suśruta]

5) a disease of the eyes (inflammation and ulceration of the angles of the eyelids), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) churning, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Koṭha (कोठ):—(ṭhaḥ) 1. m. Species of leprosy with round spots; ring worm.

2) Kotha (कोथ):—(thaḥ) 1. m. Inflammation of the angles of the eyelids; churning; gangrene. a. Afflicted; churned.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kotha (कोथ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kuttha, Koha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kotha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Koṭhā (कोठा):—(nm) a big room (esp. in the upper storey); an extensive chamber; a warehouse; the stomach; square (of a chess-board etc.); —[bigaḍanā] to suffer from indigestion; —[sāpha honā] to have clearance of the bowels; [koṭhe para baiṭhanā] to turn into a prostitute; [koṭhevālī] a prostitute.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kōṭha (ಕೋಠ):—

1) [noun] a progressive infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae that attacks the skin, flesh, nerves, etc, characterised by nodules, ulcers, white scaly scabs, deformities, and the eventual loss of sensation, and is apparently communicated only after long and close contact; leprosy.

2) [noun] any of various contagious skin diseases caused by related varieties of fungus and characterised by itching and the formation of ring-shaped, discoloured patches covered with scales or vesicles; ringworm.

3) [noun] the plant Costus speciosus of Zingiberaceae family; mountain sweet flag.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Koṭhā (कोठा):—n. pl. of कोठो [koṭho]

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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