Kotara, Koṭara, Koṭarā: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Kotara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Kotar.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Koṭarā (कोटरा).—An attendant of Skanda. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 46, Stanza 14).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Koṭarā (कोटरा).—An evil spirit and mother of Bāṇa. Appeared naked and with dishevelled hair before Kṛṣṇa who had deprived Bāṇa of his chariot.1 A varṇa śakti.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 6. 28; 63. 20.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 59.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Koṭarā (कोटरा) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.17). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Koṭarā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Koṭara (कोटर) refers to the “hollow” of a tree, as mentioned in a list of two synonyms (the other being Niṣkuṭa) in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Koṭara] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Koṭara (कोटर):—[koṭaraḥ] Orbit or orbital cavity. The bony pyramid shape cavity the skull containing and protect the eyeball.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Koṭara (कोटर) refers to “stern” [?], according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “That, O goddess, is said to be the subtle (form), now listen to the gross one. She possesses every limb and is endowed with a visualized form whose (basic) reality is clear. She is (black) like sliced collyrium and hair is brown and (tied in the) foreign (style). The eyes are stern [i.e., koṭara-akṣī]. Showing (her) teeth, they (are as if) burning. The eyebrows are brown and the goddess bears the Five Insignias and shines with the skull that decorates (her). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Koṭara (कोटर) refers to the “hollow” (of a palace), according to the Amṛtasiddhi, a 12th-century text belonging to the Haṭhayoga textual tradition.—Accordingly, “[...] Bindu resides in Kāmarūpa in the hollow (koṭara) of the multi-storied palace. Through pleasurable contact at Pūrṇagiri it travels along the Central Channel. Rajas resides in the great sacred field in the perineal region. It is as red as a javā flower and is supported by the Goddess element. [...]

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kōṭara (कोटर).—n S A hole in a tree.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kōṭara (कोटर).—n A hole in a tree.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Koṭara (कोटर).—[koṭaṃ kauṭilyaṃ rāti rā-ka Tv.] The hollow of a tree; नीवाराः शुकगर्भकोटरमुखभ्रष्टास्तरूणामधः (nīvārāḥ śukagarbhakoṭaramukhabhraṣṭāstarūṇāmadhaḥ) Ś.1.14; कोटरमकालवृष्ट्या प्रबलपुरोवातया गमिते (koṭaramakālavṛṣṭyā prabalapurovātayā gamite) M.4.2; Ṛtusaṃhāra 1.26.

Derivable forms: koṭaraḥ (कोटरः), koṭaram (कोटरम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Koṭara (कोटर).—mn.

(-raḥ-raṃ) The hollow of a tree. f. (-rī) 1. A name of the goddess Durga, 2. A naked woman: see koṭavī. E. koṭa and ra, from to get, to possess, with the affix ḍa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Koṭara (कोटर).— (cf. vb. kuṭ), m. and n. 1. The hollow of a tree, [Pañcatantra] 104, 7. 2. A cavity, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 439.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Koṭara (कोटर).—[neuter] hollow of a tree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Koṭara (कोटर):—[from koṭa] mn. ([as m., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]]) (n., [Pāṇini 6-3, 117; viii, 4, 4]; [gana] aśmādi) the hollow of a tree, [Mahābhārata; Śakuntalā; Mālavikāgnimitra] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] cave, cavity, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa x; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī v, 439; Śārṅgadhara-paddhati]

3) [v.s. ...] Alangium decapetalum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a man

5) Koṭarā (कोटरा):—[from koṭara > koṭa] f. Ipomoea Turpethum, [Caraka vii, 7]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the mothers in Skanda’s retinue, [Mahābhārata ix, (2632 and) 2635]

7) [v.s. ...] of the mother of Bāṇa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa x, 63, 20]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Koṭara (कोटर):—[(raḥ-rā)] 1. m. n. Hollow of a tree. f. Durgā; naked woman.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Koṭara (कोटर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Koḍara, Koḍala.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kotara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Koṭara (कोटर) [Also spelled kotar]:—(nm) a cavitation, cavity, hollow of a tree; cinus.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Koṭāra (ಕೊಟಾರ):—

1) [noun] a storehouse for threshed grain; a granary.

2) [noun] a tax levied on granaries, warehouse, etc.

--- OR ---

Kōṭara (ಕೋಟರ):—

1) [noun] a hollow in the stem or a branch of a tree.

2) [noun] a hole or hollow in the ground.

3) [noun] the structure made or the place chosen by birds for laying their eggs and sheltering their young; a nest.

4) [noun] the place, under a rock in water, used by turtles, hornets, fish, etc. for spawning or breeding.

--- OR ---

Kōṭāra (ಕೋಟಾರ):—

1) [noun] a storehouse for threshed grain; a granary.

2) [noun] a tax levied on granaries, warehouse, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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