Komala, Komalā: 23 definitions


Komala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Komal.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Komala (कोमल) refers to “slender (body)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.22 (“Description of Pārvatī’s penance”).—Accordingly, as Menā said to Pārvatī: “[...] Dear child, slender [i.e., komala] is your body and hard is the penance. Hence you shall perform penance here. You shall not go out. For a woman to go to a penance-grove for the realisation of her desire is what we have never heard of before. Hence, dear daughter, do not go out for penance”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Komalā (कोमला).—(Kosalā?)—Nine kings of the name Megha ruled here. Then came Naiṣadhas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 188; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 375. 76.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Komala (कोमल) refers to a “mild” form of the Goddess, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—When the Great Goddess had given to the God of gods the Command, she who is the mother was recollected in this way (by the god) within the Wheel in order to come from the Wheel of the Skyfaring Goddesses (khecarīcakra) and the Island of the Moon. Then the goddess, setting out on the path with the aforementioned body, (assumed) a mild (komala) form and, having become propitious towards Śambhu, her mind was pierced with the flood of the nectar of the Command.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Komalā (कोमला) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Komala forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vāyucakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vāyucakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Komalā] and Vīras are dark blue in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Komala (कोमल) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Komala] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Komala (कोमल, “dry”) refers to one of the eight types of Sparśa (touch), representing one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. The karmas rise of which gives the touch attribute to the body are called touch (sparśa) body-making karma (e.g., komala).

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Komala (कोमल) refers to “softly (addressing)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “If it is exceedingly desired to avoid descending into hell or solely to obtain the great power of the lord of the 30 gods, if the ultimate aim of a man is desirable, then,  [com.—O! (bho), [gentle] men (lokāḥ), in softly addressing (komala-āmantraṇa) as] pray, what else is to be spoken of? You must perform the doctrine. [Thus ends the reflection on] the doctrine”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

komala : (adj.) soft; producing affection.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Komala, see kamala; Mhbv 29. (Page 229)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kōmala (कोमल).—a (S) pop. kōmaḷa a Soft, fine, tender, delicate. 2 fig. Mild, moderate, gentle, not fierce or vehement. 3 Soft, sweet, bland, pleasant--a word, name, sound. Ex. rāmanāma || japē kō0 ॥. cittācā kōmala Of soft and tender heart. cittācī kōmalatā Softness or tenderness of heart.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kōmala (कोमल) [-ḷa, -ळ].—a Soft; fig. mild; sweet.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Komala (कोमल).—a. [ku-kalac muṭ ca ni° guṇaḥ; cf Uṇādi-sūtra 1.16]

1) Tender, soft, delicate (fig. also); बन्धुरकोमलाङ्गुलिम् (bandhurakomalāṅgulim) (karam) Ś.6.13.; कोमलविटपानुकारिणौ बाहू (komalaviṭapānukāriṇau bāhū) 1.21; संपत्सु महतां चित्तं भवत्युत्पलकोमलम् (saṃpatsu mahatāṃ cittaṃ bhavatyutpalakomalam) Bhartṛhari 2.66.

2) (a) Soft, low; कोमलं गीतम् (komalaṃ gītam). (b) Agreeable, pleasing, sweet; रे रे कोकिल कोमलैः कलरवैः किं त्वं वृथा जल्पसि (re re kokila komalaiḥ kalaravaiḥ kiṃ tvaṃ vṛthā jalpasi) Bhartṛhari 3.1.

3) Handsome, beautiful.

-lam 1 Water.

2) Clay, earth.

3) Silk.

4) Nutmeg.

-lā A kind of date; मुकुष्टाः कोमलास्तत्र वारणीयाः प्रयत्नतः (mukuṣṭāḥ komalāstatra vāraṇīyāḥ prayatnataḥ) Śālihotra of Bhoja 268.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Komala (कोमल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Soft, bland. 2. Soft, low, sweet. 3. Beautiful, pleasing, agreeable. f.

(-lā) A plant: see kṣīrikā. n.

(-laṃ) Water. E. kuṭ to be curved, kala Unadi affix; and muṭ inserted, formative irregular; or kam to desire, kalac affix, and u inserted with conversion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Komala (कोमल).—[ko-mala] (cf. kodrava, kumāra, and vb. mlai), adj., f. , oft, bland, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 56; 1, 97.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Komala (कोमल).—[adjective] tender, soft.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Komala (कोमल):—mf(ā)n. ([from] ko = ku, mala [from] √mlai, ‘easily fading away’ ?), tender, soft (opposed to karkaśa), bland, sweet, pleasing, charming, agreeable, [Rāmāyaṇa; Mṛcchakaṭikā; Suśruta; Śakuntalā] etc. (said of the style, rīti, [Kāvyaprakāśa])

2) of like colour, [Kirātārjunīya]

3) Komalā (कोमला):—[from komala] f. a kind of date, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Komala (कोमल):—n. water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) silk, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

6) nutmeg, [ib.]

7) (for kosala, [Harivaṃśa 12832; Vāyu-purāṇa])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Komala (कोमल):—[(la—lā-laṃ) a.] Soft, pleasing. f. A plant. n. Water.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Komala (कोमल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Komala.

[Sanskrit to German]

Komala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Komala (कोमल) [Also spelled komal]:—(a) soft; tender; delicate; slender; a flat note in music; ~[] softness; tenderness, delicacy.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Komala (कोमल) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Komala.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kōmala (ಕೋಮಲ):—

1) [adjective] smooth or fine to touch; not rough, harsh or coarse.

2) [adjective] not able to endure hardship, as because of easy living.

3) [adjective] that requires careful handling; delicate.

4) [adjective] kind, mild, gentle or temperate.

5) [adjective] of soft quality or delicate tone; not loud or harsh (said of sound).

6) [adjective] beautiful; comely; pleasing; handsome.

--- OR ---

Kōmala (ಕೋಮಲ):—

1) [noun] water.

2) [noun] the quality of being soft, tender; softness; tenderness.

3) [noun] a very young fruit.

4) [noun] one of the twenty two finer notes in an octave.

5) [noun] the surface layer of earth, supporting plant life; soil.

6) [noun] a firm, fine-grained earth, plastic when wet, composed chiefly of hydrous aluminium silicate minerals, produced by the chemical decomposition of rocks or the deposit of fine rock particles in water, used in the manufacture of bricks, pottery, and other ceramics; clay.

--- OR ---

Kōmaḷa (ಕೋಮಳ):—[adjective] = ಕೋಮಲ [komala]1.

--- OR ---

Kōmaḷa (ಕೋಮಳ):—[noun] = ಕೋಮಲ [komala]2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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