Kolika, Koḷikā: 6 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kolika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Koḷikā can be transliterated into English as Kolika or Koliika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kolika (कोलिक).—(kokila) This is the name of a rat. Kokila is a character in the story known as Biḍālopākhyāna, told by Nārada to Dhṛtarāṣṭra. Once a cat began to perform penance holding up both of its hands, on the bank of the Gaṅgā. After a long time birds and rats began to come very close to it believing that it would not hurt them. They made the cat their leader. The wicked cat daily ate a rat secretly. Thus the body of the cat grew stronger day by day and there appeared a steady decrease in the number of the rats. Among them there was a wise rat called Kokila. He understood the deceit played by the cat. So proclaiming independence he and his fellows ran away and saved themselves. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 160).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

See Mahamoggallana.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Kolīka refers to “weavers” and represents one of the various classes of workers mentioned in the inscriptions of Andhra country. Such inscriptions reflect the industrial and commercial advances of the early history of Andhra. Most of the crafts and industries having such artisans (e.g., the Kolīkas) were organized into guilds, with each guild having their alderman (seṭhin or śreṣṭhin) and offices in town halls (nigama-sabhā). Such guilds were sometimes granted permanent endowments (akhayanivi) as a form of investment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kolika.—(IE 8-8; EI 30), same as Sanskrit Kaulika, a weaver. Note: kolika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Koḷikā, (or kolika?) (f.) adj. =kolaka, appl. to boils, in pīḷikoḷikā (itthi) having boils of jujube size Th. 2, 395 (expl. at ThA. 259; akkhidalesu nibbattanakā pīḷikā vuccati). (Page 230)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kolika (कोलिक).—n. pr. (proper name), see Kolita.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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