Kolika, aka: Koḷikā; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kolika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Koḷikā can be transliterated into English as Kolika or Koliika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana

Kolika in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kolika (कोलिक).—(kokila) This is the name of a rat. Kokila is a character in the story known as Biḍālopākhyāna, told by Nārada to Dhṛtarāṣṭra. Once a cat began to perform penance holding up both of its hands, on the bank of the Gaṅgā. After a long time birds and rats began to come very close to it believing that it would not hurt them. They made the cat their leader. The wicked cat daily ate a rat secretly. Thus the body of the cat grew stronger day by day and there appeared a steady decrease in the number of the rats. Among them there was a wise rat called Kokila. He understood the deceit played by the cat. So proclaiming independence he and his fellows ran away and saved themselves. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Parva, Chapter 160).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

See Mahamoggallana.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Kolīka refers to “weavers” and represents one of the various classes of workers mentioned in the inscriptions of Andhra country. Such inscriptions reflect the industrial and commercial advances of the early history of Andhra. Most of the crafts and industries having such artisans (eg., the Kolīkas) were organized into guilds, with each guild having their alderman (seṭhin or śreṣṭhin) and offices in town halls (nigama-sabhā). Such guilds were sometimes granted permanent endowments (akhayanivi) as a form of investment.

Source: Wisdom Library: India History
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Kolika in Pali glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Koḷikā, (or kolika?) (f.) adj. =kolaka, appl. to boils, in pīḷikoḷikā (itthi) having boils of jujube size Th. 2, 395 (expl. at ThA. 259; akkhidalesu nibbattanakā pīḷikā vuccati). (Page 230)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 4 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kolika-nikaya
Kolika-nikāya.—(CII 4), a guild of the Kaulikas or weavers. Note: kolika-nikāya is defined in t...
Kola
1) Kōla (kola) is one of the gōtras (clans) among the Saluppans (the Tamil form of Janappan: a ...
Kolita
Kolita (कोलित) also known as Kolika.—According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (cha...
Pilikoliika
Pīlikoḷikā, (f.) (reading not quite sure, cp. koḷikā) eyesecretion Th. 2, 395 (=akkhigūthaka Th...

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