Kirti, Kīrti: 16 definitions

Introduction

Kirti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Kīrti (कीर्ती, “fame, glory”):—Name of one of the goddesses to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva (“The truth concerning Durgā’s ritual”). They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ह्रीं ओं कीर्त्यै नमः
hrīṃ oṃ kīrtyai namaḥ

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

Kīrti (कीर्ति, “fame”):—One of the names attributed to Devī, as chanted by the Vedas in their hymns, who were at the time incarnated in their personified forms. See the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa chapter 5.51-68, called “the narrative of Hayagrīva”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Kīrti (कीर्ति, “fame, renown”):—One of the twenty-four emanations of Lakṣmī accompanying Nārāyaṇa. This particular manifestation couples with his counterpart form called Keśava and together they form the first celestial couple. Lakṣmī represents a form of the Goddess (Devī) as the wife of Viṣṇu, while Nārāyaṇa represents the personification of his creative energy, according to the Pāñcarātra literature.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kīrti (कीर्ति).—Daughter of Śuka Brahmarṣi, son of Vyāsa. Śuka wedded Pīvarī, the beautiful daughter of the Pitṛs. Four sons named Kṛṣṇa, Gauraprabha, Bhūri and Devaśruta and a daughter Kīrti were born to Śuka and Pīvarī. Kīrti was wedded by Prince Aṇu, son of King Vibhrama, and a son called Brahmadatta was born to them, who grew up to become a great scholar and an ascetic. On the advice of Nārada, King Brahmadatta ultimately abdicated the throne in favour of his son, performed penance at Badaryāśrama and attained salvation. (Devī Bhāgavata, 1st Skandha).

2) Kīrti (कीर्ति).—A daughter of Dakṣaprajāpati. Svāyambhuva Manu wedded his own sister Śatarūpā, and to them were born two sons called Priyavrata and Uttānapāda and two daughters called Prasūti and Ākūti. Dakṣaprajāpati married Prasūti, and they had twenty-four daughters who were: Śraddhā, Lakṣmī, Dhṛti, Tuṣṭi, Medhā, Puṣṭi, Kriyā, Buddhi, Lajjā, Vapus, Śānti, Siddhi, Kīrti, Khyāti, Satī, Sambhūti, Smṛti, Prīti, Kṣamā, Sannati, Anasūya, Ūrjā, Svāhā, and Svadhā. The first thirteen of the above twentyfive girls were married by Dharmadeva. The other eleven girls were married respectively by Bhṛgu, Śiva, Marīci, Aṅgiras, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu, Atri, Vasiṣṭha, Agni and Pitṛs. (Viṣṇu Purāṇa, Part 1, Chapter 7).

3) Kīrti (कीर्ति).—The Devī who is the basis and cause of all fame and reputation. (Vana Parva, Chapter 37, Verse 38).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kīrti (कीर्ति, “fame”) is one of the twenty-four daughters of Dakṣa by Prasūti: one of the three daughters of Svāyambhuvamanu and Śatarūpā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“Dakṣa begot twenty-four daughters. Thirteen daughters Śraddhā etc. were given to Dharma in marriage by Dakṣa. O lordly sage, listen to the names of Dharma’s wives. Their names are [... Kīrti (fame)]. Thereupon the entire universe consisting of three worlds, mobile and immobile was filled (with progeny). Thus according to their own actions and at the bidding of Śiva innumerable famous Brahmins were born out of the various living beings”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kīrti (कीर्ति).—The son of Dharmatantra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 5.

1b) A daughter of Dakṣa and wife of Dharma; son Yaśas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 50, 62; 13. 80. Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 7. 23 and 31.

1c) A daughter of Śuka and wife of Aṇuha.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 44.

1d) The wife of Vāmana Hari (Viṣṇu).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 8; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 73; 55. 43; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 26. 45.

1e) A Devī attending on Soma;1 wife of Jayanta; left him for Soma;2 in the geyacakra of Lalitā Devī.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 65. 26. Vāyu-purāṇa 90. 25.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 23. 25.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 19. 71.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kīrti (कीर्ति) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.12). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kīrti) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Kīrti (कीर्ति).—The name of a Goddess residing over the padmahrada (big lotus-island) which lies in the center of a lake named Kesari. This lake is situated on top of the mountain range (varṣadharaparvatas) named Nīla, one of the six mountain ranges in Jambūdvīpa. Jambūdvīpa lies at the centre of madhyaloka (‘middle world’) and is the most important of all continents and it is here where human beings reside.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Kīrti (कीर्ति, “fame”) is the name of a deity residing in the lotus (puṣkara) in the middle of the Kesari lake, which lies on top of the Nīla mountain. This mountain is situated in Jambūdvīpa: the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10.

Jambūdvīpa (where Kīrti resides) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kīrti.—(EI 20, 24; CII 3, 4), literally, ‘the thing that speaks of or glorifies one’; used in the special meaning of ‘any work which renders the constructor of it famous’; a merit- orious work; a pious deed; same as kīrtana, kīrtanā; often inter- preted as ‘a building or temple’; but actually, ‘any fame- producing work’. See kīrti-sthāna. (CII 1), fame of a dead person; cf. yaśo vā kīrtir = vā. See yaśas. Note: kīrti is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kīrti (कीर्ति).—f Fame, renown.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kīrti (कीर्ति).—f. [kṝt-ktin]

1) Fame, renown, glory; इह कीर्तिमवाप्नोति (iha kīrtimavāpnoti) Ms.2.9; वंशस्य कर्तारमनन्तकीर्तिम् (vaṃśasya kartāramanantakīrtim) R.2.64; स्रोतोमूर्त्या भुवि परिणतां रन्तिदेवस्य कीर्तिम् (srotomūrtyā bhuvi pariṇatāṃ rantidevasya kīrtim) Me.47. For an interesting distinction between कीर्तिः (kīrtiḥ) and यशस् (yaśas) cf. खङ्गादिप्रभवा कीर्तिर्विद्यादिप्रभवं यशः (khaṅgādiprabhavā kīrtirvidyādiprabhavaṃ yaśaḥ)

2) Favour, approbation.

3) Dirt, mud.

4) Extension, expansion.

5) Light, lustre, splendour.

6) Sound.

7) Mention, speech, report.

Derivable forms: kīrtiḥ (कीर्तिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kīrti (कीर्ति).—m., (1) name of a maharṣi: Mahā-Māyūrī 256.24; (2) name of one of the oxen of Trapuṣa and Bhallika: Lalitavistara 381.7, 17.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kīrti (कीर्ति).—i. e. kṛ10 + ti, f. 1. Renown, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 9. Personified, Mahābhārata 1, 2578.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kīrti (कीर्ति).—[feminine] mention, speech, report, renown, glory.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kīrti (कीर्ति):—[from kīrt] f. ([Pāṇini 3-3, 97]; [from] √2. kṛ) mention, making mention of, speech, report, [Ṛg-veda x, 54, 1; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] good report, fame, renown, glory, [Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Taittirīya-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] Fame (personified as daughter of Dakṣa and wife of Dharma), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] (in music) a particular measure or time

5) [v.s. ...] extension, expansion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] lustre, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] = prasāda (favour) or prāsāda (a palace), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] ([from] √1. kṝ), dirt, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] an edifice, palace, temple, [Inscriptions]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the Mātṛkās (or personified divine energies of Kṛṣṇa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a son of Dharma-netra, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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