Kirtana, Kīrtana: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kirtana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Kīrtana (कीर्तन) refers to a “temple”, and in a broader sense represents “devotional place” or “residence of God”. It is one of commonly used names for a temple, as found in Vāstuśāstra literature such the Mayamata and the Mānasāra.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kīrtana (कीर्तन, “glorifying”) refers to one of the three rites mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.3. Accordingly, “[...] Rites mentioned in the Vedas should be performed with the fruits thereof dedicated to Him. Thence, through Sālokya he attains the feet of the great Lord. [...] Regarding visible things people see with their eyes and begin their activity. Concerning the invisible everywhere, they know through the ears and activise themselves. Hence Śravaṇa (listening) is the first rite. The intelligent scholar must listen to the oral explanation of the preceptor and then practise the other rites.—Kīrtana (glorifying) and Manana (deliberation)”.

According to Śivapurāṇa 1.4, “Śravaṇa (listening) is effected when one associates with good men. Then the Kīrtana of Paśupati becomes steady. In the end is the Manana which is the most excellent. All these take place as a result of benevolent surveillance of Lord Śiva”.

Kīrtana (“eulogising”) represents one of the nine-fold (navadhā) devotion (bhakti), as explained in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.23, as Śiva said to Satī:—“[...] O Goddess Satī, listen, I shall explain the great principle whereby the remorseful creature becomes a liberated soul (mukta). [...] Devotion (bhakti) to me is considered as the bestower of worldly pleasures and salvation. It is achievable only by my grace. It is nine-fold (navadhā) [viz., kīrtana]. There is no difference between devotion and perfect knowledge. A person who is engrossed in devotion enjoys perpetual happiness. Perfect knowledge never descends in a vicious person averse to devotion. [...] According to scholars O Goddess, the nine ancillary adjuncts are:—[viz., kīrtana, ‘eulogising’...]. O Śiva, its further subdivisions too have been explained”.

Kīrtana (‘eulogising’) detailed explanation: “after conceiving in the mind the details of my manifestations and activities, loudly and cheerfully, proclaiming the same in order to eulogise me is what is called eulogising”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Kīrtana (कीर्तन) refers to “chanting of the names of Bhagavān; the most important limb of the nine limbs of bhakti”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Kīrtana (कीर्तन) refers to:—(1) congregational singing of Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s holy name, (2) loud individual chanting of the holy name or (3) oral descriptions of the glories of Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s names, forms, qualities, associates and pastimes. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kīrtana.—(EI 24, 28, 33; SII 1; CII 4), same as kīrti; a temple or any other thing that renders famous the name of the person responsible for it; often interpreted as ‘a building or temple’; but really, ‘any fame-producing work’; ‘a monu- ment of fame’; a pious work like a temple. See kīrtanā. Note: kīrtana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Kīrtanā.—(EI 33), same as kīrtana and kīrti; cf. kīrtita. Note: kīrtanā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kīrtana (कीर्तन).—n Celebrating the praises of a god with music and singing.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kīrtana (कीर्तन).—[kat-lyuṭ]

1) Telling, narrating.

2) Praising, celebrating; सा तस्य वचनं श्रुत्वा रामकीर्तनहर्षिता (sā tasya vacanaṃ śrutvā rāmakīrtanaharṣitā) Rām.5.33.14.

3) A temple; any work of art, a building; न कीर्तनैरलङ्कृता मेदिनी (na kīrtanairalaṅkṛtā medinī) K.28;119. शंभोर्यो द्वादशानि व्यरचयदचिरात् कीर्तनानि (śaṃbhoryo dvādaśāni vyaracayadacirāt kīrtanāni) ... ()| (Ind. Ant. Vol.IX. p.34.)

-nā 1 Narration, recital.

2) Fame, glory.

Derivable forms: kīrtanam (कीर्तनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kīrtana (कीर्तन).—(nt.?), some kind of building; Speyer, temple; [Boehtlingk] 7, App., Denkmal, Monument: Jātakamālā 219.14 śrīmanti kīrtanaśatāni niveśitāni, sattrājirāśramapadāni sabhāḥ prapāś ca.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kīrtana (कीर्तन).—i. e. kṛt + ana, n., and f. , Mention, report, [Pañcatantra] 163, 21; [Devīmāhātmya, (ed. Poley.)] 12, 21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kīrtana (कीर्तन).—[neuter] [feminine] mentioning, report.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kīrtana (कीर्तन):—[from kīrt] n. mentioning, repeating, saying, telling, [Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a monument, [Jātakamālā]

3) [v.s. ...] a temple, [Inscriptions]

4) Kīrtanā (कीर्तना):—[from kīrtana > kīrt] f. idem, [Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] fame, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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