Kirati, Kirāti, Kirātī: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Kirati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A locality in Ceylon, near Alisara. There Mayageha once captured a fortification (Cv.lxx.165). Kirati may be the name of a tiny river. See Cv.Trs.i.301, n.1.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kirātī (किराती) is the name of a dancing girl, according to chapter 5.2 [śāntinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“They (i.e., Aparājita and Anantavīrya) had two slave-girls, Barbarī and Kirātī, adorned with skill in singing, dancing, et cetera. Singing and dancing more beautifully than Rambhā, etc, they delighted the minds of Bala and Anantavīrya. One day, Tālāṅka (Aparājita) and Garuḍadhvaja (Anantavīrya), presiding over the assembly, began to have a fine play acted by them. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kirati : (kir + a) scatters.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kirati, (kīr) to scatter, strew; not found in simples, only in cpds. apa°, abbhuk°, abhi°, ava° (o°), pari°, vi°. See also pp. , kiṇṇa2. (Page 215)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kirāti (किराति).—f.

1) The Ganges.

2) An epithet of Durgā.

Derivable forms: kirātiḥ (किरातिः).

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Kirātī (किराती).—

1) A female Kirāta, a woman of the Kirāta tribe.

2) A woman who carries a fly-flap or chowri; नौसंश्रयः पार्श्वगतां किरातीमुपात्तबालव्यजनां बभाषे (nausaṃśrayaḥ pārśvagatāṃ kirātīmupāttabālavyajanāṃ babhāṣe) R.16.57.

3) A bawd, a procuress.

4) Pārvatī in the disguise of a Kirātī.

5) The celestial Gaṅgā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kirāti (किराति).—f.

(-tiḥ) A name of the Ganges. E. kṝ to scatter, (sound, &c.) to make a murmuring noise, ata who goes, and in aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kirātī (किराती):—[from kirāta] f. a woman of the Kirāta tribe

2) [v.s. ...] a low-caste woman who carries a fly-flap or anything to keep off flies, [Raghuvaṃśa xvi, 57]

3) [v.s. ...] a bawd, procuress, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of the goddess Durgā, [Harivaṃśa 10248]

5) [v.s. ...] of the river Gaṅgā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] of the celestial Gaṅgā as river of Svarga, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Kirāti (किराति):—[from kirāta] f. (= kirātī), Name of Gaṅgā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kirāti (किराति):—(tiḥ) 2. f. The Ganges.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kirātī (किराती) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Cilāī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kirati in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kirāti (ಕಿರಾತಿ):—[noun] = ಕಿರಾತಕಿ - [kirataki -] 1.

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Kīrati (ಕೀರತಿ):—[noun] = ಕೀರ್ತಿ [kirti].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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