Kina, Kiṇa, Kīna: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Kina means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Kina (किन).—Kṛt affix इ (i) prescribed along with कि (ki). See कि (ki) above. The affix किन् (kin) causes the acute accent on the first vowel of the word ending with it, while the affix ki (इ) has itself the acute accent on its vowel इ.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Kiṇa (किण) refers to “wart” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning kiṇa] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kina in Bolivia is the name of a plant defined with Cinchona calisaya in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Quinquina carabayensis var. villosa Kuntze (among others).

2) Kina in Togo is also identified with Philenoptera cyanescens It has the synonym Lonchocarpus cyanescens (Schumach. & Thonn.) Benth. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Monographie der Gattung Cinchona L. (1878)
· Kew Bulletin (2000)
· Bull. Inst. Franc. Afr. Noire (1954)
· Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany (1860)
· Ann. Mus. Bot. LugdunoBatavi (1869)
· Nova Genera et Species Plantarum (1824)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kina, for example chemical composition, pregnancy safety, health benefits, extract dosage, diet and recipes, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kiṇa (किण).—n S A callosity, a scar, or a mole; a mark gen. upon the body. Ex. muguṭagharṣaṇēṃ karūni || kiṇēṃ paḍalīṃ disati caraṇīṃ ||.

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kiṇā (किणा).—m (kiṇa S) Callous skin or a callosity. v paḍa. 2 A maggoty sore &c. See kivaṇa.

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kiṇā (किणा).—a Having a maggoty sore. See kivaṇyā.

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kinā (किना).—a Callous. 2 Having maggoty sores or a sore. See kivanyā.

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kinā (किना).—m kinēṃ or nhēṃ n (kiṇa S) Indurated or callous skin, a callosity. v paḍa. 2 Properly kivaṇa or न.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kiṇa (किण).—n A scar; a mark upon the body.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kiṇa (किण).—

1) A corn, callosity, a scar. ज्ञास्यसि कियद्भुजो मे रक्षति मौर्वीकिणाङ्क इति (jñāsyasi kiyadbhujo me rakṣati maurvīkiṇāṅka iti) Ś.1.13; Mṛcchakaṭika 2.11. R.16.84; 18.47; Gītagovinda 1.

2) A wart, a mole.

3) An insect found in wood.

Derivable forms: kiṇaḥ (किणः).

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Kīna (कीन).—Flesh.

Derivable forms: kīnam (कीनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kiṇa (किण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. A wart, a mole. 2. A scar. 3. A corn, a callosity. 4. An insect found in wood.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kiṇa (किण).—m. A sear or callosity, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kiṇa (किण).—[masculine] thick hard skin, callosity, scar.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kiṇa (किण):—m. a corn, callosity, [Mahābhārata; Mṛcchakaṭikā; Śakuntalā] etc.

2) a scar, cicatrix, [Bhāvaprakāśa] : [Harṣacarita]

3) an insect found in wood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Kīna (कीन):—n. flesh, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. kīra.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kiṇa (किण):—(ṇaḥ) 1. m. A wart or mole; a corn; a scar; an insect.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kiṇa (किण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kiṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kina in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Kina (किन) [Also spelled kin]:—(pro) an oblique plural form of [kauna] (see).

2) Kīnā (कीना):—(nm) rancour, grudge; self-dignity; ~[vara/kīnevālā] one who is meticulous in preserving (one’s) self-dignity; rancorous.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Kiṇa (किण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Krī.

2) Kiṇa (किण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kiṇa.

3) Kīṇa (कीण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Krī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kiṇa (ಕಿಣ):—

1) [noun] an abraded area of the skin.

2) [noun] a mark left in the skin by the healing of injured tissue; a scar.

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Kina (ಕಿನ):—[noun] hot displeasure; anger.

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Kīṇa (ಕೀಣ):—

1) [noun] painful or resentful awareness of an advantage enjoyed by another joined with a desire to possess the same advantage; envy.

2) [noun] the state of being enraged or excited by anger; wrathfulness.

3) [noun] the tendency of wanting or taking all or as much as one can get with no thought of other’s needs; greediness.

4) [noun] the act or process of thinking, reasoning, analysing, etc.

5) [noun] the quality or state of being modest; esp. a) unassuming or humble behaviour b) lack of excesses or pretensions; moderation.

6) [noun] a feeling of anxiety and agitation caused by the presence or nearness of danger, evil, pain, etc.; fear.

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Kīna (ಕೀನ):—

1) [adjective] thin; slender; physically weak.

2) [adjective] small; limited in size.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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