Kharjura, aka: Kharjūra; 5 Definition(s)


Kharjura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Kharjūra (खर्जूर) is a Sanskrit word identified with “date” (probably Phoenix dactylifera) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as bearing good fruits. The King should plant such domestic plants in and near villages. He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.

The following is an ancient Indian recipe for such nourishment of trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.105-109: “The trees (such as kharjūra) are to be watered in the morning and evening in summer, every alternate day in winter, in the fifth part of the day (i.e., afternoon) in spring, never in the rainy season. If trees have their fruits destroyed, the pouring of cold water after being cooked together with Kulutha, Māṣa (seeds), Mudga (pulse), Yava (barley) and Tila (oil seed) would lead to the growth of flowers and fruits. Growth of trees can be helped by the application of water with which fishes are washed and cleansed.”

According to the Carakasaṃhitā (sūtrasthāna 27), Kharjūra forms part of the Śākavarga (vegetables) group of medicinal plants.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Kharjūra (खर्जूर) refers to a type of ornament (ābharaṇa) for the fore-arm (bāhu) to be worn by females, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Such ornaments for females should be used in cases of human females and celestial beings (gods and goddesses).

Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., kharjūra) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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India history and geogprahy

Kharjura is the name of a tree mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D).—Kharjura refers to the “Date-palm tree” and is known for its sweet fruits. Maces (khadiradanda) made from its wood are mentioned.

Somadeva mentions many rich forests, gardens, various trees (eg., Kharjura), creepers medicinal and flowering plants and fruit-bearing trees in the Kathasaritsagara. Travel through the thick, high, impregnable and extensive Vindhya forest is a typical feature of many travel-stories. Somadeva’s writing more or less reflects the life of the people of Northern India during the 11th century. His Kathasaritsagara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Kharjura, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravahanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyadharas (celestial beings).

Source: Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Kharjura in Marathi glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kharjūra (खर्जूर).—m S The date tree, and n Its fruit, Phœnix dactylifera or sylvestris.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kharjura in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kharjura (खर्जुर).—Silver.

Derivable forms: kharjuram (खर्जुरम्).

--- OR ---

Kharjūra (खर्जूर).—[Uṇ.4.9]

1) Date-tree.

2) A scorpion.

-ram 1 Silver; विषं सुधांशोरपि चूर्णपूर्णं जानामि खर्जूरमयं करण्डम् (viṣaṃ sudhāṃśorapi cūrṇapūrṇaṃ jānāmi kharjūramayaṃ karaṇḍam) Rām. Ch.6.6.

2) Yellow orpiment.

3) The fruit of the date-tree.

-rī The date-tree; R.4.57.

Derivable forms: kharjūraḥ (खर्जूरः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 11 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kharjūrarasa (खर्जूररस).—the juice of the wild date (Mar. tāḍī); also खर्जूरीरसः (kharjūrīrasaḥ...
1) Kuntī (कुन्ती).—(PṚTHĀ). Wife of King Pāṇḍu and the mother of the Pāṇḍavas, Kuntī is a noble...
kharjūrī (खर्जूरी).—f S The wild date tree, Phœnix sylvestris.
Madhukṣīra (मधुक्षीर).—m. (-raḥ) The date tree. E. madhu honey, and kṣīra milk.
Śākavarga (शाकवर्ग) or Śāka is another name for Mūlakādi: the seventh chapter of the 13th-centu...
Cīrṇaparṇa (चीर्णपर्ण).—m. (-rṇaḥ) 1. The Nimb: see nimba. 2. The date tree, (Elate sylvestris....
khajurī (खजुरी).—f Date-tree. khajūra m Dates or a date.
Madhukṣīraka (मधुक्षीरक).—a Kharjūra tree. Derivable forms: madhukṣīrakaḥ (मधुक्षीरकः).Madhukṣī...
Kaṣāyin (कषायिन्).—a.1) Yielding a resinous exudation, astringent.2) Dyed of a red colour.3) Wo...
Śramahara (श्रमहर) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as “remo...
khajūra (खजूर).—m (kharjūra S) The fruit of the Date, dates or a date.--- OR --- khājūra (खाजूर...

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